Peter the Great had great ambitions to change Russia. He saw Russia as old-fashioned and not up to par with the rest of Europe. Through his Great Embassy, Peter was able to see what changes were needed in Russia, especially in the military and government. In order to bring Russia up-to-date, he made changes that were modeled after or influenced by Western Europe.
This system creates a rank for every person serving the army, navy, and civil service.
Peter’s intention was to avoid noble inheritance of the ranks and to give commoners an opportunity to obtain them.
The ranks were awarded through service to the state which contributed to Peter’s goal to have the higher military ranks occupied by men with militaristic talent and not because they simply bought or inherited their rank.
By dissolving the mestnichestvo, there was an opportunity to build a stronger military.
The influences of Peter the Great on the military and government were great and lasting to an extent. His Great Embassy proved beneficial in modifying his military and government. The Table of Ranks was a great system with good intentions, but regressed back to being taken by the rich and inherited by the time Catherine the Great came to power. The Colleges and Senate proved to be valuable in running Russia’s affairs. The Navy, however, was Peter’s greatest project. Although it seemed at the time to simply be a novelty, the Navy has proved to be an asset to Russia’s military and the driving force behind the development and establishment of St. Petersburg.