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Design Like a Startup
Time Bound Iterative Learning
Before we get started
3-4 People
Pick a car

2 minutes

We’ll come back to that later…
Startup Weekend
54 hours of lectures on entrepreneurship and business
development
With lots of well designed course outcom...
Save the Polar Bears
How Startups Work
What matters to them?
How Startups Work
Destination: unknown
Start fast, fail fast, learn fast
Ideation/productivity balance
Time constraints
It...
Time Bound Iterative
Learning
You’ve seen this before. Really.
A few words on iteration
What it is

How it works
Why it works
A few words on iteration

Iteration - a problem-solving or computational
method using succession of
approximations, each b...
A few words on iteration
What it is

How it works
Why it works
A few words on iteration

assume

plan

check

adjust
think
again

From mark[sweep]
A few words on iteration
Challenge

Anxiety

Flow
Channel

Boredom

Skill
Csikszentmihalyi
A few words on iteration
Free Play

Exuberance
Or
Procrastination

Complacency
Or
Procrastination
What’s
Expected

Time
Si...
A few words on iteration

Struggle is Good
Systems and Agents

Feedback

Structure
Balance
War Games
Complex, multifaceted problems
Specific goals, indeterminate outcomes

Time constraints drive balance between Cr...
xAPI Design Project
A master class in feedback and scaffolding

Systemic structure was minimal, but...
Abundant, and multi...
The Kitchen Sink
Sometimes there is one right answer
Culture can be a blessing or a curse

Need to balance direction and a...
Time Bound Iterative
Car Shopping
Remember the car you picked
earlier?
It’s time to iterate.
First stop – the first (reali...
An email from Dear Old Dad
Subject: things to keep in mind
Hey –
Just wanted to remind you to check out the difference in ...
A text from Mom
Remember to check the
NHSTA & IIHS safety
ratings.
The traffic out there is
nuts, so you’ll also want to
r...
Geckos, other scary things

Insurance, mileage, operational costs…
Time-Bound Iterative Learning

The real power is:

Indeterminacy
So…
Remember the
Polar Bear
Team?
They didn’t win.

But they succeeded.
Resources: iterative.learningonmars.com
@jleffron
jleffron@learningonmars.com

Image credits Slide 2:
Veyron: testing / Sh...
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Time Bound Iterative Learning - ASTD TK14

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  • Iteration in Science/AI
  • A Prototype gives something to improvefaced with UNCERTAINTY we are willing to do hard work to gain information or understanding by exploring ( (Rubin)-Revisit and revise mental models using feedback (from people, results)Feedback is not “right or wrong” but“how close are you to where you want to What to do to get there, and are you sure you’re going in the right direction in the first place
  • Double Loop Learning (what iteration looks like when its at home)Inner loop – efficiency – are we doing things wellOuter loop (iteration) – efficacy – are we doing the right thingsKristianKiili looked at this notion in the context of designing a learning system:
  • Flow - diagram CsikszentmihalNote - M. C. - that flow pre-supposes a certain degree of skill as a starting point (which again aligns with what we know about when/how pbl is effective)
  • Simon Bostock had an interesting spin on this, related to learning design - premises – degree of play built in play involves the possibility of failure (people actually like this)People like the risk of failure, but they don’t like to look like foolsbut people also like to have some sense of what to do (too open ended is a problem for most of us past preschool - the whys behind that are a whole other topic) SO- have degree of play/freedom commensurate with evolving skills
  • Struggle Effortful processing = more stable learningStability Bias , Ease of processing When there is struggle (start up , game, learning)become embodied & will work to overcome We want to know how it will end so
  • Feedback - (what’s been your experience on feedback)(novice chess player - if you narrow the system it focuses the feedback, puts a novice at less of a disadvantage - allows them to learn with the right amount of struggle allows them to figure it out for themselves (ties into studies on PBL)
  • Car Shopping Remember that car you picked? Now in the case of our college grad, he had a couple of dream cars in mind. Then he started looking at numbers - and by the time he added up rent and taxes and student loans and living expenses he set a maximum budget of $15,000 for his car. This caused him to revisit his assumptions about what cars to consider… Did your car change? Are you starting to ask other questions here?
  • In real world, contextual problem-based learning, once you get a handle on things, you often get some new data…. like this…because it’s never as simple as the capital cost of the car is it? Did anyone change their choices? What other information/knowledge do you want or need? (like our california kid, here, it’s okay to phone a friend or ask Google.
  • And sometimes even unwanted input may have value - mom got wind of our hero’s revised short list and has some other factors to add to the mix.
  • Financials, tech specs, capital and operational costs… all of those enter in.Did you find a car? Which one? Did anyone pivot?Did anyone go back an reevaluate the original premise – what might change starting assumptions (e.g. right goal? Right constraints?)
  • Transcript of "Time Bound Iterative Learning - ASTD TK14"

    1. 1. Design Like a Startup Time Bound Iterative Learning
    2. 2. Before we get started 3-4 People Pick a car 2 minutes We’ll come back to that later…
    3. 3. Startup Weekend 54 hours of lectures on entrepreneurship and business development With lots of well designed course outcomes and summative assessments And people love it.
    4. 4. Save the Polar Bears
    5. 5. How Startups Work What matters to them?
    6. 6. How Startups Work Destination: unknown Start fast, fail fast, learn fast Ideation/productivity balance Time constraints Iteration
    7. 7. Time Bound Iterative Learning You’ve seen this before. Really.
    8. 8. A few words on iteration What it is How it works Why it works
    9. 9. A few words on iteration Iteration - a problem-solving or computational method using succession of approximations, each building on the one preceding.
    10. 10. A few words on iteration What it is How it works Why it works
    11. 11. A few words on iteration assume plan check adjust think again From mark[sweep]
    12. 12. A few words on iteration Challenge Anxiety Flow Channel Boredom Skill Csikszentmihalyi
    13. 13. A few words on iteration Free Play Exuberance Or Procrastination Complacency Or Procrastination What’s Expected Time Simon Bostock
    14. 14. A few words on iteration Struggle is Good
    15. 15. Systems and Agents Feedback Structure Balance
    16. 16. War Games Complex, multifaceted problems Specific goals, indeterminate outcomes Time constraints drive balance between Creativity and Action Unexpected Revelations Creative Solutions
    17. 17. xAPI Design Project A master class in feedback and scaffolding Systemic structure was minimal, but... Abundant, and multi-directional feedback Keeping these in balance drove motivation and achievement
    18. 18. The Kitchen Sink Sometimes there is one right answer Culture can be a blessing or a curse Need to balance direction and autonomy Have touch points with experts If it weren’t for the last minute…
    19. 19. Time Bound Iterative Car Shopping Remember the car you picked earlier? It’s time to iterate. First stop – the first (reality) check… Your budget is $15,000 Now pick the car
    20. 20. An email from Dear Old Dad Subject: things to keep in mind Hey – Just wanted to remind you to check out the difference in interest rates between new and used cars. Also, while you’re budgeting, you’ll want to factor in potential repair costs; might want to call Leon about common issues with some of the cars your looking at. Love, Dad
    21. 21. A text from Mom Remember to check the NHSTA & IIHS safety ratings. The traffic out there is nuts, so you’ll also want to read up on performance specs. Yes, mom.
    22. 22. Geckos, other scary things Insurance, mileage, operational costs…
    23. 23. Time-Bound Iterative Learning The real power is: Indeterminacy
    24. 24. So… Remember the Polar Bear Team? They didn’t win. But they succeeded.
    25. 25. Resources: iterative.learningonmars.com @jleffron jleffron@learningonmars.com Image credits Slide 2: Veyron: testing / Shutterstock.com http://www.shutterstock.com/gallery-491326p1.html?cr=00&pl=edit-00Luis Subaru: Luis Santos / Shutterstock.com http://www.shutterstock.com/gallery-331438p1.html?cr=00&pl=edit00 Isetta: Jorg Hackemann / Shutterstock.com http://www.shutterstock.com/gallery404404p1.html?cr=00&pl=edit-00 Slide 11 mark[sweep] http://blog.marksweep.com/post/12770665811/double-loop-learning-and-the-leanstartup Slides 11, 23 Kristian Kiili http://dspace.cc.tut.fi/dpub/bitstream/handle/123456789/51/kiili.pdf Slide 12 based on Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi, Flow, the Pscyhology of Optimal Experience Slides 13, 23 – Simon Bostock http://wearesimonbostock.net/the-play-channel/

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