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Agriculture in SA
 

Agriculture in SA

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Grade 12 Economic Geography. SA curriculum. Agriculture in South Africa

Grade 12 Economic Geography. SA curriculum. Agriculture in South Africa

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    Agriculture in SA Agriculture in SA Presentation Transcript

    • Regional Geography Agriculture in SA Click here for a video playlist on agriculture Contribution of agriculture to the SA economy The role of small-scale farmers The role of large-scale farmers Main products produced: home / export markets Factors that favour agricultural development Factors that hinder agricultural development Importance of food security in SA Case study related to food security in SA
    • Contribution of agriculture to the SA economy Agriculture forms part of the primary activities that contribute to the South African economy and has shown a steady decline in its percentage contribution to the GDP due to other sectors increasing their shares of the GDP as skill levels in the country have increased. Source: Platinum textbook
    • Agriculture contributes to the economy directly as it: •Contributes a percentage to the GDP. •Contributes a percentage of the workforce employed in labour. •Contributes a percentage from exports to the GNP.
    • Agriculture contributes to the economy indirectly as it: • promotes growth in the other economic sectors as it provides raw materials for the industry. • promotes growth in the transport sector by using transport for receiving agricultural goods. • is a major employer of South Africans as 19% of people are directly/indirectly dependent on agriculture for their income. • has been a good exporter and derives income from countries that import South African agricultural products.
    • The roles of small-scale farming Source: Top Class textbook
    • The roles of large-scale farming Source: Top Class text book
    • Main products produced: home/export markets Products produced for the home market Products produced for the export markets •Maize(corn) •Citrus •Dairy products •Sugar •Tea •Grapes •Cotton •Maize •Sunflower seeds(used for vegetable oil) •Fruit juice •Soya beans(used for protein supplements) •Wool •Sugar •Deciduous fruit •Vegetables •Dairy products
    • Factors that favour agricultural development Source: Top class textbook
    • Factors that hinder agricultural development Source: Top class textbook
    • Importance of food security in SA Food security refers to the availability of well-balanced meals on a regular basis. South Africa has high unemployment levels and high poverty levels. Hence, many individuals and families have no food security at all. South Africa faces moderate risk of food insecurity along with a number of other African states. Source: Platinum textbook
    • Factors hindering food security in South Africa Factors favouring food security in South Africa Social factors •Population growth Social factors •Empowering women Physical factors •Poor soils •Environmental degradation Physical factors •Planting a variety of crops •Diversity of climate regions Political factors •Uneconomical farm units •Government corruption •War and conflict Political factors •Role of government •Sustainable agriculture •Land reform programs & land redistribution Economical factors •Lack of capital to purchase equipment •Shift to biofuel production •Trade policies Economical factors •strong trade relations •Diversification of rural economies •Processing crops