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  • Thanks for this! I'm blown away by how many of my writers struggle with an outline. As if organization is archaic. Sometimes I could just spit :)
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  • 1. *
  • 2. Analyze Invent Organize Draft Revise*
  • 3. Analyze the writing * Subject“situation” to * Purposeensure you * Audienceunderstand what is * Evidenceexpected. * Requirements *
  • 4. Invention involves * Write a journalbrainstorming ideas that * Observewill drive the focus andorganization of your * Free writeessay. There are several * Liststrategies that can help * Clusteryou in this process. * Ask questions *
  • 5. *There are several steps to organization. Before youbegin writing, you’ll want to ensure you have a solidplan set out for your ideas. The first step in this processis developing a THESIS STATEMENT.
  • 6. * A thesis statement is, * Narrows your subject very simply, the main * Makes a significant and idea of your essay; specific claim about your topic however, it needs to accomplish several * Conveys your purpose things to be effective. * Previews, often, the So, what does a thesis arrangement of ideas do? * Is clear and concise (1-3 sentences) * Is YOUR idea *
  • 7. * Be a question Be vague Be common knowledge Be another person’s idea Be missing Be unrelated to your topic
  • 8. * The next step in the * Provides the overall Writing Process is to organizational plan for organize the rest of your paper your ideas. This comes from breaking down * Helps you to stay on your thesis statement topic into smaller parts and * Breaks the essay down using those parts to into small, more construct an outline. Outlining has several manageable parts for benefits. writing *
  • 9. * * Begin with your working thesis statement * Break your thesis statement into smaller points that need to be covered or “proven” in order for your thesis to be true * Use those smaller points as the topics of each of your body paragraphs * For each of those smaller points, determine what information needs to be conveyed to readers * Also consider what evidence is needed to support those points
  • 10.  Writing college papers is* Let’s look at an example. stressful and difficult We’ll start with a sample working thesis: Information about how planning overcomes these “Writing college papers is challengesstressful and difficult, but by using the writing process, one can overcome these Information about how challenges by planning, organizing does the same organizing, and revising.” And information about how* Now, let’s consider what revising does it, too points need to be addressed in order for this thesis to be “proven” in the essay.
  • 11. * Now that we have a general Working thesis: Writing idea of the points that need college papers is stressful and to be addressed, we can difficult, but by using the begin an outline to organize writing process, one can them. Let’s look at a overcome these challenges by sample: planning, organizing, and revising. I. Writing college papers is stressful and difficult II. Planning helps III. Organizing helps IV. Revising helps
  • 12. * What we started here is Working thesis: Writing college papers is stressful and difficult, but by using the writing process, one can overcome these challenges by planning, very, very basic. Let’s add organizing, and revising. some details: I. Writing college papers is stressful and difficult A. Why? Time constraints, confusing assignments, difficult requirements, grammar and mechanics problems II. Planning helps A. Why? If we start with a plan, the writing part becomes a lot easier because we know what we’re doing III. Organizing helps A. Why? If we have a structure to our ideas before we start writing, the actual writing comes easier and faster IV. Revising helps A. Why? Through revision we can get feedback on our ideas and work through grammar and mechanics problems before we turn in a final version
  • 13. Working thesis: Writing college papers is stressful and difficult, but by using the writing process, one can overcome these challenges byplanning, organizing, and revising.I. Writing college papers is stressful and difficult A. Time constraints i. Need evidence or example B. Grammar and mechanics i. Need evidence or example C. Requirements i. Need evidence or exampleII. Planning helps A. Brainstorming ideas helps narrow a topic i. Need evidence or example B. Analyzing the situation helps students to grasp the assignment i. Need evidence or exampleIII. Organizing helps A. Developing a thesis helps to provide focus for the paper i. Need evidence or example B. Creating an outline provides students a road map for writing i. Need evidence or exampleIV. Revising helps A. Getting feedback from peers and the instructor helps students see readers’ reactions to their writing and focus on areas to improve A. Need evidence or example B. Revising allows students to hone in on and correct specific grammar and mechanics errors before turning in a final version A. Need evidence or example
  • 14. *It’s time to write! Let’s get started.*
  • 15. * Follow your plan but be open to* The next step in the change, too Writing Process is to, * Skip the intro: It’s not always necessary to write in a linear way. well, write! But don’t Often, it’s easier to begin with body paragraphs and come back fret; you have a plan. to the intro and conclusion paragraphs at the end Here a few tips to * Write in a quiet environment keep in mind as you without distractions or interruptions begin writing. * Resist self-criticism: don’t stress about grammar, mechanics, and style at this point. Focus on development and organization * If you have to break the drafting process up into multiple sessions, be sure to write down what you* plan to do next each time you end
  • 16. * Wait, what? We’re not done yet!?*
  • 17. * Writing is a process that * In-class peer review demands evolution. You will write, re-write, * In-class grammar write again, and re-write workshops again. All writers do. * In-class revision There are several workshops strategies we’ll focus on in this class to help us in * Use the writing center the revision process, but * Read your own work there are techniques you critically and put can use on your own, as yourself in the well. perspective of readers * Use the checklist for* editing (page 34; section 5c)
  • 18. * The most important step of all? Don’t stress! Writing is an experience, a journey, and you’ll come a long way over the course of this class. Focus on improvement and using the techniques we learn, and you’ll be successful. *