Environmental Sustainability through Activity-based Computing<br />James LandayShort-Dooley ProfessorComputer Science & En...
Landay, Borriello,  Fogarty, Patel <br />ubigreenGiving people the tools to reduce resource usage<br />ubigreencombines lo...
HCI<br />Environmental Psychology<br />CHI 2010<br />
behavior change<br />techniques <br />information<br />prompts<br />goal-setting<br />comparison<br />commitment<br /> dir...
Froehlich, Dillahu, Klasnja, Consolvo, Harrison, Mankoff, Landay<br />ubigreentransportation display<br />senses transit b...
ubigreen esm study<br />MyExperience Tool, MobiSys2007<br />
ubigreen design<br />ActivityDesignerCHI 2008<br />
ubigreen transportation display<br />Prototyped in 3 days<br />4 weeks for final system<br />two versions – easy w/ AD<br ...
Patel<br />ubigreenhome energy sensing<br />senses any appliance & associated current used anywhere in entire home<br />us...
one attached to outside of breaker box </li></ul>contact-less current sensor<br />Ubicomp 2008<br />
ubigreen HomeEnergyTable<br />Everitt, Kam, Landay<br />
Viewing Monthly kWh (and pounds CO2)<br />
Adjusting Monthly Goals<br />
Viewing Details<br />
Viewing & Categorizing Tips<br />
TravelTable<br />
Froehlich, Fogarty, Patel<br />ubigreenhome water sensing<br />senses flow & fixture-level activity (e.g., particular toil...
HydroSense<br />
Home with HydroSense<br />
Unique Pressure Transients<br />
Tested in 10 Homes<br />outdoor hose spigot<br />utility faucet<br />water heater<br />98% aggregate accuracy in controlle...
HydroSense 2.0<br />Identify partial valve open/close events<br />Compound fixture events<br />Compound hot/cold events<br...
Water Usage Feedback<br />
Environmental Sustainability Through Activity-Based Computing<br />Help people to improve their environmental behavior<br ...
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Environmental Sustainability Through Activity-based Computing

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Describes the UbiGreen project at the University of Washington (joint with CMU, Intel Labs, and Microsoft Research). The project attempts to use low-cost sensing, inference, and feedback to allow people to make better choices with respect to their use of precious resources. This project is an example of the larger thrust of activity-based ubiquitous computing.

This was presented at the 3rd U.S.-China Computer Science Leadership Summit at Peking University, Beijing China on June 15, 2010.

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  • [20 minute goal, took 22 minutes, with a couple of questions along the way]
  • Locke and Latham summarize 35 years of research into the effect of goals on behavior:Goals serve a directive function; they direct attention and effort toward goal-relevant activitiesGoals have an energizing function. Hard goals lead to greater effort than easy goals.Goals affect persistence. Hard goals prolong effort (LaPorte &amp; Nath, 1976).I’ll talk more about how goals have been used to motivate environmental behavior with eco-feedback technology in the next part of the talk.
  • Environmental Sustainability Through Activity-based Computing

    1. 1. Environmental Sustainability through Activity-based Computing<br />James LandayShort-Dooley ProfessorComputer Science & EngineeringUniversity of Washington 3rd US-China CS Leadership SummitPeking UniversityJune 14-15, 2010<br />Visiting Faculty ResearcherMicrosoft Research Asia<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3.
    4. 4. Landay, Borriello, Fogarty, Patel <br />ubigreenGiving people the tools to reduce resource usage<br />ubigreencombines low-cost sensors, inference, & user feedback to track resource usage & “reward” green behaviors<br />envisioned ambient display showing monthly and daily resource usage<br />
    5. 5. HCI<br />Environmental Psychology<br />CHI 2010<br />
    6. 6. behavior change<br />techniques <br />information<br />prompts<br />goal-setting<br />comparison<br />commitment<br /> directs attention<br /> has energizing function<br /> affects persistence<br />Locke & Latham, American Psychologist, 2002<br />incentives<br />feedback<br />
    7. 7. Froehlich, Dillahu, Klasnja, Consolvo, Harrison, Mankoff, Landay<br />ubigreentransportation display<br />senses transit behavior <br />via mobile phone<br />ambient imagery on phone rewards green transit<br />CHI 2009<br />* Joint work w/ CMU & Intel<br />
    8. 8. ubigreen esm study<br />MyExperience Tool, MobiSys2007<br />
    9. 9. ubigreen design<br />ActivityDesignerCHI 2008<br />
    10. 10.
    11. 11. ubigreen transportation display<br />Prototyped in 3 days<br />4 weeks for final system<br />two versions – easy w/ AD<br />Pilot field study<br />12 in Seattle/Pittsburgh<br />ran prototype for 2-4 weeks<br />Results<br />many wanted to keep using<br />saw some behavior “change”<br />liked unfolding story<br />
    12. 12. Patel<br />ubigreenhome energy sensing<br />senses any appliance & associated current used anywhere in entire home<br />uses 2 low-cost sensors<br /><ul><li>one at a single outlet
    13. 13. one attached to outside of breaker box </li></ul>contact-less current sensor<br />Ubicomp 2008<br />
    14. 14. ubigreen HomeEnergyTable<br />Everitt, Kam, Landay<br />
    15. 15. Viewing Monthly kWh (and pounds CO2)<br />
    16. 16. Adjusting Monthly Goals<br />
    17. 17. Viewing Details<br />
    18. 18. Viewing & Categorizing Tips<br />
    19. 19. TravelTable<br />
    20. 20.
    21. 21. Froehlich, Fogarty, Patel<br />ubigreenhome water sensing<br />senses flow & fixture-level activity (e.g., particular toilet, dishwasher) using easy-to-install sensors<br /><ul><li>senses pressure at a single point</li></ul>currently designing feedback for home display & field trial<br />Won 2009 UW Environmental Innovation Challenge<br />Ubicomp 2009<br />
    22. 22. HydroSense<br />
    23. 23. Home with HydroSense<br />
    24. 24. Unique Pressure Transients<br />
    25. 25. Tested in 10 Homes<br />outdoor hose spigot<br />utility faucet<br />water heater<br />98% aggregate accuracy in controlled experimentfor detecting open/close valve events<br />
    26. 26. HydroSense 2.0<br />Identify partial valve open/close events<br />Compound fixture events<br />Compound hot/cold events<br />Automatically distinguish hot vs. cold water<br />Automatically detect type of fixture<br />
    27. 27. Water Usage Feedback<br />
    28. 28. Environmental Sustainability Through Activity-Based Computing<br />Help people to improve their environmental behavior<br />use long-lived activity as the primary organizing focus<br />Solve these problems using<br />sensing: low cost, using existing infrastructure<br />inference: actions & high level activities<br />feedback: ambient on phones, web, & decorative objects<br />27<br />
    29. 29. Environmental Sustainability through Activity-based Computing<br />James LandayShort-Dooley ProfessorComputer Science & EngineeringUniversity of Washington 3rd US-China CS Leadership Summit Peking UniversityJune 14-15, 2010<br />Visiting Faculty ResearcherMicrosoft Research Asia<br />landay@cs.washington.edu<br />http://dub.washington.edu<br />

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