Labun Biochem Vocab

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  • 1. 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 200 300 400 500 100 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 Left -overs
  • 2. Atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons
  • 3. isotopes
  • 4. Combination of two or elements in definite proportions
  • 5. Compound
  • 6. Bond formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another
  • 7. Ionic bond
  • 8. Bond formed when electrons are shared between atoms
  • 9. Covalent bond
  • 10. Attraction between slightly charged regions of molecules
  • 11. Van der Waals forces
  • 12. Attraction between molecules of the same substance
  • 13. cohesion
  • 14. Substance in which a solute dissolves
  • 15. solvent
  • 16. Solution with a higher concentration of hydrogen ions than water
  • 17. acid
  • 18. Weak acid or base that can react with strong acids or bases to prevent sharp, sudden changes in pH
  • 19. Buffers
  • 20. Compound that produces hydroxide ions in solution
  • 21. base
  • 22. Smaller units that are joined together to form polymers
  • 23. monomers
  • 24. Compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms
  • 25. Carbohydrate
  • 26. Compound made mostly of carbon and hydrogen atoms
  • 27. Lipid
  • 28. Macromolecule containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorous, and carbon
  • 29. Nucleic acid
  • 30. Macromolecule that contains nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
  • 31. Protein
  • 32. Process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals
  • 33. Chemical reaction
  • 34. Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
  • 35. products
  • 36. Energy needed to get a reaction started
  • 37. Activation energy
  • 38. Substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
  • 39. Catalyst
  • 40. Protein that acts as a biological catalyst
  • 41. Enzyme
  • 42. Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
  • 43. reactants
  • 44. Scale that measures the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
  • 45. pH scale
  • 46. Mixture in which all components are evenly distributed
  • 47. solution
  • 48. Attraction between molecules of different substances
  • 49. adhesion
  • 50. Uneven of distribution of electrons between atoms in a molecule
  • 51. polarity