The Holocaust
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The Holocaust

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    The Holocaust The Holocaust Presentation Transcript

    • The Holocaust“Sacrifice by fire”
    • The Holocaust
      • Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrfice by fire”
      • Holocaust began in 1933 when Hitler came to power in Germany and ended in 1945 when the Nazis were defeated be the Allied Power
      • The Allied Powers were the US, British Empire, France, and Russia
    • Kristallnacht“Night of Broken Glass”
      • During the night of November 9-10, 1938, Nazis attacked Jews in Austria and Germany in what has been named “Kristallnacht”
      • This night of violence included the pillaging and burning of synagogues, breaking the windows of Jewish-owned business, the looting of these stores, and many Jews were physically attacked
      • Approximately thirty thousand Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps.
    • Ghettos
      • The Nazis began ordering Jews to wear a yellow Star of David on their clothing so that Jews could be easily recognized and targeted
      • Towards the beginning of World War II, Nazis began ordering all Jews to live within certain, very specific, areas of big cities, called ghettos.
      • Jews were forced out of their homes and moved into smaller apartments, often shared with other families.
    • Warsaw
      • A few of the major ghettos were located in the cities of Bialystok, Kovno, Lodz, Minsk, Rigam, Vilna, and Warsaw
      • Warsaw was the largest ghetto with a population of 445,000 by March 1941
      • In most of the ghettos, Nazis ordered the Jews to establish a Judernat (a Jewish council)
      • To administer Nazi demands and to regulate the internal life of the ghetto
    • Deportation
      • Nazis would then order deportations from the ghettos
      • A thousand people per day were loaded up in trains and sent to either a concentration camp or a death camp
      • To get them to cooperate, the Nazis told the Jews they were being transported to another place for labor
    • Extermination Camp
      • Nazi Germany established about 20,000 camps to imprison its millions of victims
      • The extermination camps were designed for efficient mass murder
      • The first extermination camp, opened in December 1941.
      • Jews and Roma were gassed in mobile gas vans there
      • The Nazis constructed gas chambers to increase killing efficiency and to make the process more impersonal for the perpetrators
    • Extermenation Camp
      • The Birkenau extermination camp had four gas chambers
      • During the height of deportations to the camp, up to 6,000 Jews were gassed there each day
      • Millions of people were imprisoned and abused in the various types of Nazi camps
      • Under SS management, the Germans and their collaborators murdered more than three million Jews in the extermination camps alone.
      • Only a small fraction of those imprisoned in Nazi camps survived.
    • Finally over
      • The Allied Powers forced the Nazis to surrender on May 8, 1945
      • In the after math of the Holocaust, many of the survivors found shelter in displaced persons (DP) camps
      • The last DP camp closed in 1957. Between 1948 and 1951, almost 700,000 Jews emigrated to the United States and other nations.
    • After
      • When the Jews went back to their homes, they were found taken by other people or damaged by the Nazis.
      • It is estimated that eleven million people were killed during the Holocaust; six million of these were Jews
      • The Nazis killed approximately two-thirds of all Jews living in Europe
      • An estimated 1.1 million children were murdered in the Holocaust
    • Works Cited
      Works Cited
      "WORLD WAR II,." 2010. History.com. 25 Feb 2010, 08:37 http://www.history.com/encyclopedia.do?articleId=226140.
      “Allied Powers World War II.” 2 April 2008. New World Encyclopedia. Available at http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Allied_Powers_(World_War_II)
      Rosenberg, Jennifer. Holocaust Facts. 2010. Available at http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/holocaustfacts.htm.
      United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.May 4, 2009. Available at www.ushmm.org
      Holocaust. Available at http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/01870/index.html
      http://www.remember.org/image/378.gif