Readings and Questions from: Global Forces of the Twentieth Century
Chapter-7 the Second World War: The War In Europe: 1939-1945
The Greater Reich
1. Outline the conditions in Germany during the interwar years that contributed the rise of Hitler
and National Socialism in Germany. Could this have been avoided? Explain
The Battle for France and Britain
2. Describe the fall of France in 1940.
3. Explain the partition of France after June 1940. How was each section administered?
4. Outline the evacuation of Dunkirk and describe the Battle of Britain.
5. What happened to the colonial holdings and mandate states that belonged to France during
Barbarossa: 1941 and North Africa, the Balkans and the Middle East
6. Explain the effects of “Operation Punishment.”
7. Outline the North African Campaign.
8. How did the Middle Eastern support of the Allies effect Lebanon and Syria?
9. What factors contributed to the inability of the Germans to defeat the Soviet Union in their
Case Study: Barbarossa
10. Consider the resources need to arm, feed, transport, clothe, and shelter armed forces
numbering more than 8 million people. What problems did the Germans encounter in
supporting three separate army groups in the USSR?
11. What changes were made to war as a result of the increased killing power of modern
weapons, the longer range of modern combat, the addition of aircraft and submarines as a
“third dimension” to the battlefield and the size of the armies involved?
12. What are the military advantages of the size of the USSR? Would the Soviets have
surrendered had Moscow been captured?
13. Evaluate the early successes of the German armed forces in their attack on the USSR, why
did the Germans ultimately fail in their invasion of the Soviet Union.
Case Study: German U-Boats
14. How did submarine warfare change the nature of the sea war?
15. Describe how technology played a critical role in defeating the submarines
The Battle of the Atlantic
16. How do you think the American Lend-Lease program affected the international balance of
power? It has been suggested that the Americans used this program to expand their sphere of
influence, explain the reasoning behind this suggestion, and please make reference to the
chart on page. 128
The New Order in the West and In the East
17. Compare and contrast the German occupation of Western Europe with its occupation of
Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.
18. What was the only country to transport the majority of its Jewish population to safety? What,
in your opinion, explains the lack of resistance by occupied countries to the deportation and
murder of the Jewish portions of their population? In addition to the Jews Hitler targeted a
number of other groups that he considered “undesirable” many of these groups have been
targets or remain targets of persecution even now, why is this? What can/should be done
19. Why did those sent to the death camps usually not fight their captors?
20. Identify forms of resistance against the Germans during the Second World War. How did the
21. Discuss the moral implications of the establishment of resistance movements during the
Second World War. When is it justifiable to begin to resist the objectives of the government
in control of your nation state?
22. What effective methods should an occupation force use against civilian resistance, sabotage
Turning the Tide: 1942-1945 El Alamein, Sicily and Italy, Western Europe, Eastern
Europe, D-Day and the End of the War
Explain the significance of the following battles: Stalingrad and El Alamein
What were some of the differences between the Allied powers after the US and the USSR
joined the War?
The End of the War
Outline the various agreements that were achieved between the major global powers at the
end of WWII. Be sure to include Casablanca, Teheran, Moscow and Yalta. (Refer to the
chart on Page. 137)
What is a war crime? How should war crimes be dealt with?
Chapter 7: Vocabulary
General Charles de Gaulle
North African Campaign
General Rommel (Desert Fox)
Josip Broz (Tito)
Middle Eastern Campaign
Battle of Leningrad
Battle of Stalingrad
Battle of the Atlantic
City of Stalingrad
The Italian Campaign
Battle of Kursk “Battle of the Bulge”
Bretton Woods Conference
San Francisco Conference