Great Depression:
Government Response
Political Situation
During The Depression
• PM William Lyon Mackenzie King (King)
has been kicked from power in 1930.
• R....
Depression Bottoms Out
• By 1933 the depression was at its worst.
• With 25% of the workforce unemployed
the government is...
No Progress
• In 1930, Canadians had voted for
Bennett because he had promised them
a cure for the depression
• By 1932 fo...
New Deal
• Introduced in US by Franklin Roosevelt
• Canadians were exposed to him via radio
• Even Bennett was impressed
•...
Montage of the New Deal in the US
Provincial Issues
• Many provincial governments went bankrupt
during the depression and needed help being
able to run thei...
Provincial Solutions
• Many provincial leaders attempted to put down strikes within
their own provinces.
• Duff Pattullo w...
Election 1935
• The liberals won the election of 1935 easily
following Bennett and the conservatives
inability to lift Can...
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3.5 Great Depression and Government Response

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3.5 Great Depression and Government Response

  1. 1. Great Depression: Government Response
  2. 2. Political Situation During The Depression • PM William Lyon Mackenzie King (King) has been kicked from power in 1930. • R.B. Bennett comes to power under the Conservatives promising to end unemployment. • King will later return in 1935.
  3. 3. Depression Bottoms Out • By 1933 the depression was at its worst. • With 25% of the workforce unemployed the government is pressured to take immediate action. United States Great Britain France Germany Industrial production –46% –23% –24% –41% Wholesale prices –32% –33% –34% –29% Foreign trade –70% –60% –54% –61% Unemployment +607% +129% +214% +232%
  4. 4. No Progress • In 1930, Canadians had voted for Bennett because he had promised them a cure for the depression • By 1932 four provinces were bankrupt • The Liberals did not have the solution either • Canadians were looking for something new to ease the suffering
  5. 5. New Deal • Introduced in US by Franklin Roosevelt • Canadians were exposed to him via radio • Even Bennett was impressed • The New Deal of 1935 called for unemployment insurance, minimum wage, maximum hours, marketing boards to raise farm prices and government intervention
  6. 6. Montage of the New Deal in the US
  7. 7. Provincial Issues • Many provincial governments went bankrupt during the depression and needed help being able to run their day to day affairs. • Provincial parties were being quickly booted from office for also failing to stop the depression. • Provinces were told by the federal government that they were responsible for finding work and dealing with unemployment. • The provinces did not, however, have the necessary tools to handle this duty.
  8. 8. Provincial Solutions • Many provincial leaders attempted to put down strikes within their own provinces. • Duff Pattullo was elected Premier of BC in 1933. • Pattullo shortened the work day, increased the minimum wage, and increased work relief payments by 20 percent. – In Short, Pattullo instituted a mini new-deal similar to the US. • The federal government challenged Pattullo on this issue. • Mayors and the premier in BC were resented less than Bennett, but were still blamed for being ineffective in the fight to slow the depression. • The reactions of the provincial governments varied depending on which province you were in. • In the 1936 Quebec provincial election: Union Nationale wins led by Maurice Duplessis. A party that openly supports Quebec separating from Canada
  9. 9. Election 1935 • The liberals won the election of 1935 easily following Bennett and the conservatives inability to lift Canada from the depression • In 1938 King and the Liberals put the bank of Canada under government control • The economy was beginning to improve under a new reciprocity agreement with the United States

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