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Female reproductive system

Female reproductive system






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    Female reproductive system Female reproductive system Presentation Transcript

    • Female Reproductive System
      Jessica Kontopoulos
      BIO 120
      Professor: R Abdullah
    • Gynecology
      The study of the female reproductive system in the medical specialty of Gynecology
    • Gynecology
      Gynecology is the study of the female reproductive system such as the uterus, vagina and ovaries.
      Almost all modern gynecologists are also obstetricians
      Most Common Conditions that a Gynecologist deals with are:
      Cancer and pre-cancerous diseases of the reproductive organs
      Incontinence of urine.
      Amenorrhea or absence of menstrual periods
      Dysmenorrhea or painful menstrual periods
      Menorrhagia or heavy menstrual periods
      Prolapse of pelvic organs
      Infections such as fungal, bacterial, viral or protozoal
    • Endometruim
      The inner lining of the uterus is called theEndometrium
    • Endometruim
      The inner lining of the uterus
      It contains a rich blood supply and reacts to hormonal changes every month that prepare it to receive a fertilized ovum.
      In a normal pregnancy the fertilized ovum implants in the endometrium which provides nourishment and protection to the fetus.
      If pregnancy is not established, the endometrium is sloughed off resulting in menstruation
    • Uterus
      The organ in which the developing fetus resides is called the Uterus
    • Uterus
      An internal organ of the female reproductive system
      Also known as the womb
      Is hollow and pear-shaped
      Located in the lower pelvic cavity between the urinary bladder and rectum
      Provides protections and nourishment to growing fetus
      Divided into three regions; fundus, corpus and cervix
    • OVUM
      The female sex cell is a(n) Ovum.
    • Ovum
      An ovum in Latin means “egg”
      The ovum is the largest cell in the human body
      It is the haploid female reproductive cell, or gamete
      Ova are made and released by a female's ovaries
      At birth, a female has all of her eggs, and from puberty releases an egg once a month until none are left. This is called oogenesis.
      When the ovum is fertilized by sperm, it becomes a zygote, which develops a new organism
      The ovum is fertilized inside the female body, and the embryo then develops inside the uterus being nourished by the mothers placenta.
    • References
      Fremgen, B. F. (2009). Medical Terminology A living language fourth edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education.