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Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
 

Open Data - Current State & Next Gen

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Open Data is a foundational component of Open Government. This presentation speaks to current state of Open Data and where the Next Generation is headed. The Open Data Framework components are ...

Open Data is a foundational component of Open Government. This presentation speaks to current state of Open Data and where the Next Generation is headed. The Open Data Framework components are summarized together with a discussion of the core elements of Open Gov.

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    Open Data - Current State & Next Gen Open Data - Current State & Next Gen Presentation Transcript

    • Open Data- Current State & Next Gen
      Presented by
      Jury Konga, Principal
      eGovFutures Group
      .
      MISA BC Open Data Conference
      Nanaimo, B.C.
      April 28 - 30, 2011
    • Appreciation is extended to a number of people and organizations in the Open Government & Open Data Community including:
      • MISA BC and the conference organizing committee with special thanks to Per Kristensen and Jason Birch, City of Nanaimo
      • MISA Ontario Gov 2.0 SIG
      • Tracey Lauriault, DataLibre
      • WWW, twitter, YouTube, LinkedIn…. and all my “Open” friends
      • This presentation will be publicly available on www.slideshare.net/jkonga as Creative Commons BY
      • #misaBC #opendata #opengov #gov20 I’m @jkonga … tweet away 
      Acknowledgements
      Open Data – Current State and Next Gen
      2
    • Open Gov Context – Open Data, Citizen Engagement, Collaboration, Innovation
      Open Data Current State
      Principles
      Open Data – local to global
      Open Data Framework
      Next Gen Open Data
      Closing thoughts
      Overview
      Open Data – Current State and Next Gen
      3
    • Conference geographic context
      Regional presence- small to medium size municipalities
      Couple of Out-of-province visitors
      Overview
      4
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Context- Open Government
      • Roots in Freedom of Information legislation (oldest identified with Sweden in 1766, U.S.A. 1966; Canada FOI as well as Privacy Act; 1983)
      • More recently, Open Government focuses on citizen engagement, transparency, accountability, collaboration and innovation
      • 3 Pillars of Open Government from Senator Kate Lundy, Australia:Citizen- Centric Government, Open and Transparent Government and Innovation Facilitation (June 2009)
      • President Obama’s Open Government directive (Jan. 2009) synopsis: Government should be transparent, participatory andcollaborative
      5
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Context- Gov(ernment) 2.0
      • “Government 2.0: Using Technology to Improve Education, Cut Red Tape, Reduce Gridlock, and Enhance Democracy”William Eggers, Deloitte. 2005
      • Gov 2.0 “is the use of technology – especially the collaborative technologies at the heart of Web 2.0 – to better solve the collective problems at a city, state, national and international level”Tim O’Reilly, “Open Government – Collaboration, Transparency and Participation in Practice”. 2010
      • From GovLoop (the government Facebook), working definition (2010):Gov 2.0 embraces the use of new and old tools, changes of employee and contractor culture, and improvements in processes that make government more transparent, collaborative, and participatory--enabling citizens and others to gain more efficient and timely access to data, information, and services through the sharing and distribution of information within and throughout the government.
      6
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Context- Open Data
      • Open Data is a foundational component for Open Government and focuses on freely making public data available in a usable format for all to re-use and add value for the benefit of citizens.
      • Open Data – it’s about public data being easily discoverable, readily accessible and freely available without restrictions (to a degree)
      • Recent Open Data initiatives have focused on public sector data and very recently has also turned to private sector corporate data
      • Open Data – not new, we’ve been doing it for a while … what has changed is the public’s expectations of expanded scope and ease of access to government data
      7
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • 8
      Credit: Rob Tornoe / Delaware News Journal, PoliticalCartoons.com
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Open Government- Why?
      9
      This is the “rush” …. needs & expectations
      Images via MS Office
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Open Government - A View of Principles
      10
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Open Government- Perspective for Local Government
      Business: Public Services
      Structure: Corporation
      Governance: Council (Board of Directors)
      Servicing: Citizens and Businesses - the SHAREHOLDERS
      11
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Open Government and Service Delivery
      Open Government – Focus on Citizens and Service
      12
      Municipal Reference Model MRMv2 Components – An Organizing Framework
      Work in Progress
      Source: “Describing Municipal Government -Using Programs and Services” presentation
      by Roy Wiseman
    • Open Government and Service Delivery
      13
      Government
      It’s _ _ _
      Government #&*!%?
      Municipal
      Provincial
      Federal
      We need to move
      from this ….
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Open Government and Service Delivery
      14
      Government
      To this ….
      Municipal
      It’s GOOD
      Government !!!
      Provincial
      Integrated Service
      Delivery
      – Service One concept
      MISA Ontario 2010 conference
      Federal
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Open Government Elements- Focus on Citizens
      15
      What needs to improve to benefit citizens …
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Citizen Engagement- Current State
      16
      Gov 2.0/Web 2.0/ Social Media technologies are pervasive
      Social media becomes key in engagement
      Communications demands increase
      Forming community partnerships is imperative
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Crowdsourcing
      ChangeCamps, CityCamps, GovCamps …
      Pull -> Push -> Dialogue
      Effective communications and citizen engagement requires … ongoing resources
      Citizen Engagement- additional Perspectives
      17
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Citizen Engagement - Open Community Project
      Manitoba & Saskatchewan flooding
      First implement-ation of Ushahidi platform in Canada
      Visualization, submit reports, get alerts, download reports
      Application creators: Laura Madison (MB) and Dale Zak (SK)
      Thanks to Heather Leson for her insight
      18
      Source: http://mbfloods.ca
      #mbfloods via Tweetdeck
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Collaboration- Current State
      “All of us are smarter than one of us”
      Collaborate Now
      “There are more knowledgeable people
      outside your organization than inside”
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      19
    • Collaboration- Current State
      Collaboration Continuum – resource requirements increase ->>>
      Collaborate Now
      Legal
      Partnerships
      Informal
      Info sharing
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      20
    • Collaboration Current State- Open Data Framework Project
      • Kudos to the Group of 4 (G4) for taking a leadership role in Canada
      • Open Data Framework Project with focus on
      • Data Standards
      • End Use agreement
      • Open Data UI and functionality
      • Contributing to best practices for the open data community
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      21
      21
    • Innovation- Current State
      22
      Promote innovation
      - don’t stifle it!
      http://www.socialsignal.com/cartoon
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      22
    • Institute for Citizen Centred Service
      Report on Innovation in Municipal Service Delivery (2010)
      Need a focal point for Innovation
      Centre Of Excellence for Innovation in Municipal Government (proposed in 2009 presentation http://www.slideshare.net/jkonga/web-20-from-a-social-to-a-service-web )
      Apps Development contests and hackathons, leveraging social media technologies, cloud computing (IaaS, SaaS, DaaS …)
      Innovation- Current State
      23
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Innovation Current State - Re-using the Data
      24
      Applications that use and use and use and use the data
      AppsforDemocracy in Washington, DC started a trend of apps contests (2009)
      Examples shown here are: World Bank , British Columbia, Ottawa and Edmonton
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Open Gov Reality – Biggest Challenge is Organizational Culture & Change Management
      Culture change/shock
      • “Good Failure”
      • Engagement /participation
      • Transparency –from control to empowerment
      http://www.publivate.com/thinking-a-innovation/entry/elephant-in-the-room-culture-and-social-media-uptake-in-the-public-sector.html
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      25
    • Open Data- Current State
      • 10 Principles for Opening Up Government Informationhttp://sunlightfoundation.com/policy/documents/ten-open-data-principles/
      • Completeness
      • Primacy
      • Timeliness
      • Ease of Physical and Electronic Access
      • Machine readability
      • Non-discrimination
      • Use of Commonly owned standards
      • Licensing
      • Permanence
      • Usage costs
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      26
    • Open Data- Current State
      • 10 Principles for Opening Up Government Information
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      27
    • Open Data - the New Reality
      Open Data- Current State
      • Global example – World Bank Data Catalog & Apps for Development contest (Initiated April 2010 )
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      28
    • Open Data Current State- the National Level
      United States – www.data.govMay 21, 2009
      United Kingdom –data.gov.ukJan. 19, 2010
      Australia –data.australia.gov.au
      Canadawww.data.gc.caMarch 17, 2011
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      29
    • Open Data - the New Reality
      Open Data Current State- the Provincial Level
      Land Info Ontario
      GeoNova Portal
      GeoBC Apps 4 Climate Action
      MUCH TO DO IN PROVINCES !
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      30
    • Open Data - the New Reality
      Open Data Current State- Small to Medium Municipal Space
      Open Data – not just for large municipalities
      Examples include Nanaimo, B.C.; North Vancouver, B.C.; Surrey, B.C.; London, ON; Mississauga, ON; Windsor, ON (and more on the way)
      Most municipalities provide some degree of “open data” – the need is to make it more extensive
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      31
    • Open Data - the New Reality
      Open Data Current State- U.S. Municipal Space
      Washington DC
      San Francisco
      New York City
      Seattle
      Portland
      32
      32
    • Open Data Current State- Use & Re-Use of the Data
      Great video on value of open data
      - http://www.streetfilms.org/a-case-for-open-data-in-transit/
      Value is not in the raw data alone
      Apps for use of the data is key to open data success
      Value to the Citizen is the bottom line
      33
      Open Data - the New Reality
    • Open Data - the New Reality
      Open Data Current State - Collaboration from Local to Global
      • Local Open Data Community sites and events “owned and operated” by citizens
      • USING Open Data - Local to Global collaborations – all at once!
      • Participated in RHoK Dec 4 – 5, 2010. Combined with Intl Open Data Hackathon: 63 cities, 25 countries, 5 continents
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      34
    • G4: Vancouver, Toronto, Edmonton & Ottawa
      ODF Project: August – December 2010.
      ODF Components
      Governance
      Principles & Policy
      Standards
      Technology
      Data, Operations & Human Resources
      Open Data Portal
      Future Roadmap
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      35
      G4 Open Data CitiesODF Project
      Open Data Framework
    • How do you start an Open Data initiative? Who starts it? Who does what? Etc …
      Open Data is part of Information Management
      Governance structure
      Leverage existing structure (e.g. Steering Committees, Working Groups)
      Fit to size of your organization
      Define roles & responsibilities (initial “pilot” -> ongoing -> “Coordinator”)
      Enterprise participation – internal stakeholders (minimum: key players)
      External Stakeholders – advisory/feedback loop
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      36
      Open Data Framework- Governance
    • Principles: Sunlight Foundation’s “Ten Principles for Opening up Government Information”
      Freedom of Information & Protection of Privacy governs& guidelines http://www.ipc.on.ca/english/Resources/Discussion-Papers/Discussion-Papers-Summary/?id=949
      Key policy issue to be resolved: Terms of Use Open Data license (CIPPIC report - http://www.cippic.ca/open-licensing re: PDDL)
      Reality check – not all principles can be achieved from the outset
      … but need to review existing corporate & IM policies (aligned?)
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      37
      Open Data Framework- Principles & Policy
    • Information Management – open data lifecycle & Municipal Reference Data Model
      Data Discovery and Access – “findability”
      Data Distribution and Data formats – ETL & end user needs
      Commonly requested: CSV/XLS; txt; XML; JSON; KML/KMZ & Mr SID (raster)
      Metadata – best practices & context for data use
      Dublin Core (+ quality) & ISO 19115 NAP for geo data)
      Linked Open Data – next steps towards semantic web
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      38
      Open Data Framework- Standards
      Source: W3C : “Publishing Open Government Data”
    • Technology is not seen as a major challenge
      Technology service elements related to Open Data operations
      Content Management Systems (CMS) ; Extract-Transform-Load (ETL); DBMS; Web 2.0; Access APIs; Analytics & Visualization
      Open Data platform - in-house or hosted
      Public “G Cloud” shared services
      Enterprise approach – defer to Vancouver’s presentation
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      39
      Open Data Framework- Technology
    • Open Data … more please
      Budget, Transit, Service Requests (3-1-1), Facilities & services, policies, website content ….
      Information Asset Inventory – what data do you have? Own?
      Open Data Request process & Prioritization
      Vancouver provided a draft prioritization as part of project
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      40
      Open Data Framework- Data, Operations & HR
    • Open Data/IM Lifecycle Activities
      Data Discovery and Asset Inventory
      Data Request and Prioritization
      Open Data Extraction and Dissemination
      Data and Metadata Maintenance and Quality Assurance
      Departmental and Related Agency Collaboration
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      41
      Open Data Framework- Data, Operations & HR
    • People are the key to any success – corporation’s intellectual capital
      For Open Data operations, a number of HR areas need to be addressed including
      Roles and responsibilities;
      Knowledge and training requirements;
      Integrated teams;
      Career path planning;
      Optimal work environment and reward system
      New position/role: Open Data Coordinator
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      42
      Open Data Framework- Data, Operations & Human Resources
    • Content and User Interface/Experience
      Open Data Portal Functionality
      OpenData.ca Community collaboration portal
      Portal architecture review
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      43
      Open Data Framework- Open Data Portal
    • Similar to eGov phased approach by Gartner and Deloitte, following proposed as the Five Phases of Open Data (FPOD)
      Phase 1 – Open Data Start-up: Publishing Information on Website
      Phase 2 – Open Data Transactional: Providing a Data Catalogue Service
      Phase 3 – Creating a Multi-functional Open Data Portal
      Phase 4 – Open Data Transformation: Achieving Enterprise Open Data
      Phase 5 – Full Integration with Global Open Data Community
      A Roadmap addresses moving along the maturity model
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      44
      Open Data Framework- Open Data Maturity Model
    • Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      45
      Open Data Framework- Open Data Maturity Model
      Five Phases of Open Data
      Evolutionary within
      Info Management Best Practices
    • Moving forward together … as a community
      Need to leverage our
      Community Intellectual Capital
      and resources
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      46
    • Open Data- the Next Generation
      • Where should we be headed …
      • Ubiquitous + Gov as a Facilitator
      • Real time FOI responses
      • Real time updates
      • Crowdsourced data maintenance & QA
      • Access by voice or standard QRcodes
      47
      Jury Konga
      Open by Design TM
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • 48
      Open Data - NxGen
      Open Data
      DNA
      Linked
      Open Data
      … everything is connected to everything
      Linked
      Personal Data
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • 49
      Open Data NxGen- the Co Factor
      Co-llaboration
      Co-development
      Co-delivery
      • Co-mmunication
      • Co-mmunityengagement
      • Co-mmunity benefit
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Open Data NxGen- New Approach
      50
      Consider a new focus for the Service Provider – Client Relationship
      WE
      From this ….
      to this ..
      Service
      Provider
      Service
      Recipient
      Service
      Provider
      Service
      Recipient
      Us
      Government
      Them
      Citizens
      A Community Approach
      To Public Service
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • 51
      Open Data NxGen- Crowdsourcing
      Today’s examples of where tomorrow will go
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • 52
      Open Data NxGen- Crowdsourcing
      Many ways to Crowdsource
      - don’t discount any of the opportunities
      …. Not everything is digital
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      53
      Open Data NxGen- MRDM v1.0
      MRM v2 = Municipal Services Model
      NxGen = Municipal Reference Data Model
      Data required for services
      Data definitions – a standard (leverage existing work) to be used by public + private sector
      Semantics resolution – mapping the differences
      Moving it from local –global
      Optimizes open data search results
      Assists apps dev community
    • Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      54
      Open Data NxGen- Enhanced Usability
      Visualization
      User interaction
      http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/interactive/2010/oct/19/comprehensive-spending-review-cuts
    • Open Data NxGen- Enhanced Content & Access
      Municipal
      Public Service
      Provincial
      Federal
      OpenData.
      EARTH
      Academia, Non-Profits, Community Groups
      External
      Data Linkages
      (e.g. World Bank)
      OpenData.CA
      OpenStreetMap
      Community Updates
      Source: Municipal Open Government Framework, 2010www.slideshare.net/jkonga
      55
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • Open Data NxGen- Integrated Service Delivery
      Open Data becomes part of Integrated Service Delivery
      Value of the strategic asset is optimized
      Service Requests
      Service One (2.0)
      - The Service Coordinator
      Requests from MyHomePage
      (Facebook, Twitter, verbal)
      Integrated Service Delivery “Engine”
      Standardized Processes, Protocols
      and Knowledge Base
      Business
      Knowledge
      Database
      Source: From a Social to a Service Web, 2009. www.slideshare.net/jkonga
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      56
      56
    • … a few Concluding Thoughts
      Embrace Open Government and Open Data – you’re actually already part of the way there
      Accelerate Open Data – all levels of government need to increase knowledge and pick up the pace of moving forward to benefit all
      Plan now, develop incrementally – awareness of the new environment, readiness assessment, align with priorities & allocate resources
      Collaborate Now - limited resources and increasing internal and external demands for efficient and effective government dictate it
      Build and Leverage Your Community – engage the citizens, businesses and community groups … the community wants to help
      Make Innovation the default – expectations are that government will become open and efficient through innovation
      “Just Do It” - NxGen … here we come
      57
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • … a final Thought
      58
      Get involved – you’ll enjoy it and get benefits back!
      Open Data NxGen is open to everyone!
      Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    • It’s a long road ….
      enjoy the drive
      - the destination is worth it!
      59
    • Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
      60
      Thank you
      Nanaimo
    • Thank You
      Jury Konga, PrincipaleGovFutures Groupjkonga@sympatico.caTwitter @jkongaSkype jury.kongaOther presentations:www.slideshare.net/jkonga