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Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
Open Data - Current State & Next Gen
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Open Data - Current State & Next Gen

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Open Data is a foundational component of Open Government. This presentation speaks to current state of Open Data and where the Next Generation is headed. The Open Data Framework components are …

Open Data is a foundational component of Open Government. This presentation speaks to current state of Open Data and where the Next Generation is headed. The Open Data Framework components are summarized together with a discussion of the core elements of Open Gov.

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  • 1. Open Data- Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />Presented by <br />Jury Konga, Principal<br />eGovFutures Group<br />.<br />MISA BC Open Data Conference<br />Nanaimo, B.C.<br />April 28 - 30, 2011<br />
  • 2. Appreciation is extended to a number of people and organizations in the Open Government &amp; Open Data Community including:<br /><ul><li>MISA BC and the conference organizing committee with special thanks to Per Kristensen and Jason Birch, City of Nanaimo
  • 3. MISA Ontario Gov 2.0 SIG
  • 4. Tracey Lauriault, DataLibre
  • 5. WWW, twitter, YouTube, LinkedIn…. and all my “Open” friends
  • 6. This presentation will be publicly available on www.slideshare.net/jkonga as Creative Commons BY
  • 7. #misaBC #opendata #opengov #gov20 I’m @jkonga … tweet away </li></ul>Acknowledgements<br />Open Data – Current State and Next Gen<br />2<br />
  • 8. Open Gov Context – Open Data, Citizen Engagement, Collaboration, Innovation<br />Open Data Current State<br />Principles<br />Open Data – local to global<br />Open Data Framework<br />Next Gen Open Data<br />Closing thoughts<br />Overview<br />Open Data – Current State and Next Gen<br />3<br />
  • 9. Conference geographic context<br />Regional presence- small to medium size municipalities<br />Couple of Out-of-province visitors<br />Overview<br />4<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 10. Context- Open Government<br /><ul><li>Roots in Freedom of Information legislation (oldest identified with Sweden in 1766, U.S.A. 1966; Canada FOI as well as Privacy Act; 1983)
  • 11. More recently, Open Government focuses on citizen engagement, transparency, accountability, collaboration and innovation
  • 12. 3 Pillars of Open Government from Senator Kate Lundy, Australia:Citizen- Centric Government, Open and Transparent Government and Innovation Facilitation (June 2009)
  • 13. President Obama’s Open Government directive (Jan. 2009) synopsis: Government should be transparent, participatory andcollaborative</li></ul>5<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 14. Context- Gov(ernment) 2.0<br /><ul><li>“Government 2.0: Using Technology to Improve Education, Cut Red Tape, Reduce Gridlock, and Enhance Democracy”William Eggers, Deloitte. 2005
  • 15. Gov 2.0 “is the use of technology – especially the collaborative technologies at the heart of Web 2.0 – to better solve the collective problems at a city, state, national and international level”Tim O’Reilly, “Open Government – Collaboration, Transparency and Participation in Practice”. 2010
  • 16. From GovLoop (the government Facebook), working definition (2010):Gov 2.0 embraces the use of new and old tools, changes of employee and contractor culture, and improvements in processes that make government more transparent, collaborative, and participatory--enabling citizens and others to gain more efficient and timely access to data, information, and services through the sharing and distribution of information within and throughout the government.</li></ul>6<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 17. Context- Open Data<br /><ul><li>Open Data is a foundational component for Open Government and focuses on freely making public data available in a usable format for all to re-use and add value for the benefit of citizens.
  • 18. Open Data – it’s about public data being easily discoverable, readily accessible and freely available without restrictions (to a degree)
  • 19. Recent Open Data initiatives have focused on public sector data and very recently has also turned to private sector corporate data
  • 20. Open Data – not new, we’ve been doing it for a while … what has changed is the public’s expectations of expanded scope and ease of access to government data</li></ul>7<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 21. 8<br />Credit: Rob Tornoe / Delaware News Journal, PoliticalCartoons.com<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 22. Open Government- Why?<br />9<br />This is the “rush” …. needs &amp; expectations<br />Images via MS Office<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 23. Open Government - A View of Principles<br />10<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 24. Open Government- Perspective for Local Government<br />Business: Public Services<br />Structure: Corporation<br />Governance: Council (Board of Directors)<br />Servicing: Citizens and Businesses - the SHAREHOLDERS<br />11<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 25. Open Government and Service Delivery <br />Open Government – Focus on Citizens and Service<br />12<br />Municipal Reference Model MRMv2 Components – An Organizing Framework<br />Work in Progress<br />Source: “Describing Municipal Government -Using Programs and Services” presentation<br />by Roy Wiseman<br />
  • 26. Open Government and Service Delivery<br />13<br />Government<br />It’s _ _ _<br />Government #&amp;*!%?<br />Municipal<br />Provincial<br />Federal<br />We need to move<br /> from this ….<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 27. Open Government and Service Delivery<br />14<br />Government<br />To this …. <br />Municipal<br />It’s GOOD<br />Government !!!<br />Provincial<br />Integrated Service <br />Delivery <br />– Service One concept<br />MISA Ontario 2010 conference<br />Federal<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 28. Open Government Elements- Focus on Citizens<br />15<br />What needs to improve to benefit citizens … <br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 29. Citizen Engagement- Current State<br />16<br />Gov 2.0/Web 2.0/ Social Media technologies are pervasive<br />Social media becomes key in engagement<br />Communications demands increase<br />Forming community partnerships is imperative<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 30. Crowdsourcing<br />ChangeCamps, CityCamps, GovCamps …<br />Pull -&gt; Push -&gt; Dialogue<br />Effective communications and citizen engagement requires … ongoing resources<br />Citizen Engagement- additional Perspectives<br />17<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 31. Citizen Engagement - Open Community Project<br />Manitoba &amp; Saskatchewan flooding<br />First implement-ation of Ushahidi platform in Canada<br />Visualization, submit reports, get alerts, download reports<br />Application creators: Laura Madison (MB) and Dale Zak (SK)<br />Thanks to Heather Leson for her insight <br />18<br />Source: http://mbfloods.ca<br />#mbfloods via Tweetdeck<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 32. Collaboration- Current State<br />“All of us are smarter than one of us”<br />Collaborate Now<br />“There are more knowledgeable people<br /> outside your organization than inside”<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />19<br />
  • 33. Collaboration- Current State<br />Collaboration Continuum – resource requirements increase -&gt;&gt;&gt;<br />Collaborate Now<br />Legal<br />Partnerships<br />Informal <br />Info sharing<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />20<br />
  • 34. Collaboration Current State- Open Data Framework Project<br /><ul><li>Kudos to the Group of 4 (G4) for taking a leadership role in Canada
  • 35. Open Data Framework Project with focus on
  • 36. Data Standards
  • 37. End Use agreement
  • 38. Open Data UI and functionality
  • 39. Contributing to best practices for the open data community</li></ul>Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />21<br />21<br />
  • 40. Innovation- Current State <br />22<br />Promote innovation <br />- don’t stifle it!<br />http://www.socialsignal.com/cartoon<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />22<br />
  • 41. Institute for Citizen Centred Service<br />Report on Innovation in Municipal Service Delivery (2010)<br />Need a focal point for Innovation<br />Centre Of Excellence for Innovation in Municipal Government (proposed in 2009 presentation http://www.slideshare.net/jkonga/web-20-from-a-social-to-a-service-web )<br />Apps Development contests and hackathons, leveraging social media technologies, cloud computing (IaaS, SaaS, DaaS …)<br />Innovation- Current State <br />23<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 42. Innovation Current State - Re-using the Data<br />24<br />Applications that use and use and use and use the data<br />AppsforDemocracy in Washington, DC started a trend of apps contests (2009)<br />Examples shown here are: World Bank , British Columbia, Ottawa and Edmonton<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 43. Open Gov Reality – Biggest Challenge is Organizational Culture &amp; Change Management<br />Culture change/shock<br /><ul><li>“Good Failure”
  • 44. Engagement /participation
  • 45. Transparency –from control to empowerment</li></ul>http://www.publivate.com/thinking-a-innovation/entry/elephant-in-the-room-culture-and-social-media-uptake-in-the-public-sector.html<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />25<br />
  • 46. Open Data- Current State<br /><ul><li>10 Principles for Opening Up Government Informationhttp://sunlightfoundation.com/policy/documents/ten-open-data-principles/
  • 47. Completeness
  • 48. Primacy
  • 49. Timeliness
  • 50. Ease of Physical and Electronic Access
  • 51. Machine readability
  • 52. Non-discrimination
  • 53. Use of Commonly owned standards
  • 54. Licensing
  • 55. Permanence
  • 56. Usage costs</li></ul>Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />26<br />
  • 57. Open Data- Current State<br /><ul><li>10 Principles for Opening Up Government Information</li></ul>Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />27<br />
  • 58. Open Data - the New Reality<br />Open Data- Current State<br /><ul><li>Global example – World Bank Data Catalog &amp; Apps for Development contest (Initiated April 2010 ) </li></ul>Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />28<br />
  • 59. Open Data Current State- the National Level<br />United States – www.data.govMay 21, 2009<br />United Kingdom –data.gov.ukJan. 19, 2010<br />Australia –data.australia.gov.au<br />Canadawww.data.gc.caMarch 17, 2011<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />29<br />
  • 60. Open Data - the New Reality<br />Open Data Current State- the Provincial Level<br />Land Info Ontario<br />GeoNova Portal<br />GeoBC Apps 4 Climate Action<br />MUCH TO DO IN PROVINCES !<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />30<br />
  • 61. Open Data - the New Reality<br />Open Data Current State- Small to Medium Municipal Space<br />Open Data – not just for large municipalities<br />Examples include Nanaimo, B.C.; North Vancouver, B.C.; Surrey, B.C.; London, ON; Mississauga, ON; Windsor, ON (and more on the way)<br />Most municipalities provide some degree of “open data” – the need is to make it more extensive<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />31<br />
  • 62. Open Data - the New Reality<br />Open Data Current State- U.S. Municipal Space<br />Washington DC <br />San Francisco<br />New York City<br />Seattle<br />Portland<br />32<br />32<br />
  • 63. Open Data Current State- Use &amp; Re-Use of the Data<br />Great video on value of open data<br />- http://www.streetfilms.org/a-case-for-open-data-in-transit/<br />Value is not in the raw data alone<br />Apps for use of the data is key to open data success<br />Value to the Citizen is the bottom line<br />33<br />Open Data - the New Reality<br />
  • 64. Open Data - the New Reality<br />Open Data Current State - Collaboration from Local to Global<br /><ul><li>Local Open Data Community sites and events “owned and operated” by citizens
  • 65. USING Open Data - Local to Global collaborations – all at once!
  • 66. Participated in RHoK Dec 4 – 5, 2010. Combined with Intl Open Data Hackathon: 63 cities, 25 countries, 5 continents</li></ul>Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />34<br />
  • 67. G4: Vancouver, Toronto, Edmonton &amp; Ottawa<br />ODF Project: August – December 2010.<br />ODF Components<br />Governance<br />Principles &amp; Policy<br />Standards<br />Technology<br />Data, Operations &amp; Human Resources<br />Open Data Portal<br />Future Roadmap<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />35<br />G4 Open Data CitiesODF Project<br />Open Data Framework<br />
  • 68. How do you start an Open Data initiative? Who starts it? Who does what? Etc …<br />Open Data is part of Information Management<br />Governance structure<br />Leverage existing structure (e.g. Steering Committees, Working Groups)<br />Fit to size of your organization<br />Define roles &amp; responsibilities (initial “pilot” -&gt; ongoing -&gt; “Coordinator”)<br />Enterprise participation – internal stakeholders (minimum: key players)<br />External Stakeholders – advisory/feedback loop<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />36<br />Open Data Framework- Governance<br />
  • 69. Principles: Sunlight Foundation’s “Ten Principles for Opening up Government Information”<br />Freedom of Information &amp; Protection of Privacy governs&amp; guidelines http://www.ipc.on.ca/english/Resources/Discussion-Papers/Discussion-Papers-Summary/?id=949<br />Key policy issue to be resolved: Terms of Use Open Data license (CIPPIC report - http://www.cippic.ca/open-licensing re: PDDL)<br />Reality check – not all principles can be achieved from the outset <br />… but need to review existing corporate &amp; IM policies (aligned?)<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />37<br />Open Data Framework- Principles &amp; Policy<br />
  • 70. Information Management – open data lifecycle &amp; Municipal Reference Data Model<br />Data Discovery and Access – “findability”<br />Data Distribution and Data formats – ETL &amp; end user needs<br />Commonly requested: CSV/XLS; txt; XML; JSON; KML/KMZ &amp; Mr SID (raster) <br />Metadata – best practices &amp; context for data use<br />Dublin Core (+ quality) &amp; ISO 19115 NAP for geo data)<br />Linked Open Data – next steps towards semantic web<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />38<br />Open Data Framework- Standards<br />Source: W3C : “Publishing Open Government Data”<br />
  • 71. Technology is not seen as a major challenge<br />Technology service elements related to Open Data operations<br />Content Management Systems (CMS) ; Extract-Transform-Load (ETL); DBMS; Web 2.0; Access APIs; Analytics &amp; Visualization<br />Open Data platform - in-house or hosted<br />Public “G Cloud” shared services<br />Enterprise approach – defer to Vancouver’s presentation<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />39<br />Open Data Framework- Technology<br />
  • 72. Open Data … more please<br />Budget, Transit, Service Requests (3-1-1), Facilities &amp; services, policies, website content ….<br />Information Asset Inventory – what data do you have? Own?<br />Open Data Request process &amp; Prioritization<br />Vancouver provided a draft prioritization as part of project<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />40<br />Open Data Framework- Data, Operations &amp; HR<br />
  • 73. Open Data/IM Lifecycle Activities<br />Data Discovery and Asset Inventory<br />Data Request and Prioritization<br />Open Data Extraction and Dissemination<br />Data and Metadata Maintenance and Quality Assurance<br />Departmental and Related Agency Collaboration<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />41<br />Open Data Framework- Data, Operations &amp; HR<br />
  • 74. People are the key to any success – corporation’s intellectual capital<br />For Open Data operations, a number of HR areas need to be addressed including<br />Roles and responsibilities;<br /> Knowledge and training requirements;<br /> Integrated teams;<br /> Career path planning;<br /> Optimal work environment and reward system<br />New position/role: Open Data Coordinator<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />42<br />Open Data Framework- Data, Operations &amp; Human Resources<br />
  • 75. Content and User Interface/Experience<br />Open Data Portal Functionality<br />OpenData.ca Community collaboration portal<br />Portal architecture review<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />43<br />Open Data Framework- Open Data Portal<br />
  • 76. Similar to eGov phased approach by Gartner and Deloitte, following proposed as the Five Phases of Open Data (FPOD)<br />Phase 1 – Open Data Start-up: Publishing Information on Website<br />Phase 2 – Open Data Transactional: Providing a Data Catalogue Service<br />Phase 3 – Creating a Multi-functional Open Data Portal<br />Phase 4 – Open Data Transformation: Achieving Enterprise Open Data<br />Phase 5 – Full Integration with Global Open Data Community<br />A Roadmap addresses moving along the maturity model<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />44<br />Open Data Framework- Open Data Maturity Model<br />
  • 77. Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />45<br />Open Data Framework- Open Data Maturity Model<br />Five Phases of Open Data<br />Evolutionary within<br />Info Management Best Practices<br />
  • 78. Moving forward together … as a community <br />Need to leverage our<br />Community Intellectual Capital<br />and resources<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />46<br />
  • 79. Open Data- the Next Generation<br /><ul><li>Where should we be headed …
  • 80. Ubiquitous + Gov as a Facilitator
  • 81. Real time FOI responses
  • 82. Real time updates
  • 83. Crowdsourced data maintenance &amp; QA
  • 84. Access by voice or standard QRcodes</li></ul>47<br />Jury Konga<br />Open by Design TM<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 85. 48<br />Open Data - NxGen<br />Open Data<br />DNA<br />Linked<br />Open Data<br />… everything is connected to everything<br />Linked<br />Personal Data<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 86. 49<br />Open Data NxGen- the Co Factor<br />Co-llaboration<br />Co-development<br />Co-delivery<br /><ul><li>Co-mmunication
  • 87. Co-mmunityengagement
  • 88. Co-mmunity benefit</li></ul>Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 89. Open Data NxGen- New Approach<br />50<br />Consider a new focus for the Service Provider – Client Relationship <br />WE<br />From this ….<br />to this ..<br />Service <br />Provider<br />Service <br />Recipient<br />Service <br />Provider<br />Service <br />Recipient<br />Us<br />Government<br />Them<br />Citizens<br />A Community Approach<br />To Public Service<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 90. 51<br />Open Data NxGen- Crowdsourcing<br />Today’s examples of where tomorrow will go<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 91. 52<br />Open Data NxGen- Crowdsourcing<br />Many ways to Crowdsource<br />- don’t discount any of the opportunities<br />…. Not everything is digital<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 92. Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />53<br />Open Data NxGen- MRDM v1.0<br />MRM v2 = Municipal Services Model<br />NxGen = Municipal Reference Data Model<br />Data required for services<br />Data definitions – a standard (leverage existing work) to be used by public + private sector<br />Semantics resolution – mapping the differences<br />Moving it from local –global<br />Optimizes open data search results<br />Assists apps dev community<br />
  • 93. Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />54<br />Open Data NxGen- Enhanced Usability<br />Visualization<br />User interaction<br />http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/interactive/2010/oct/19/comprehensive-spending-review-cuts<br />
  • 94. Open Data NxGen- Enhanced Content &amp; Access<br />Municipal<br />Public Service<br />Provincial<br />Federal<br />OpenData.<br />EARTH<br />Academia, Non-Profits, Community Groups<br />External <br />Data Linkages<br />(e.g. World Bank)<br />OpenData.CA<br />OpenStreetMap<br />Community Updates<br />Source: Municipal Open Government Framework, 2010www.slideshare.net/jkonga<br />55<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 95. Open Data NxGen- Integrated Service Delivery<br />Open Data becomes part of Integrated Service Delivery<br />Value of the strategic asset is optimized <br />Service Requests<br />Service One (2.0)<br />- The Service Coordinator<br />Requests from MyHomePage<br />(Facebook, Twitter, verbal)<br />Integrated Service Delivery “Engine”<br />Standardized Processes, Protocols<br /> and Knowledge Base<br />Business <br />Knowledge<br />Database<br />Source: From a Social to a Service Web, 2009. www.slideshare.net/jkonga<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />56<br />56<br />
  • 96. … a few Concluding Thoughts <br />Embrace Open Government and Open Data – you’re actually already part of the way there<br />Accelerate Open Data – all levels of government need to increase knowledge and pick up the pace of moving forward to benefit all<br />Plan now, develop incrementally – awareness of the new environment, readiness assessment, align with priorities &amp; allocate resources<br />Collaborate Now - limited resources and increasing internal and external demands for efficient and effective government dictate it<br />Build and Leverage Your Community – engage the citizens, businesses and community groups … the community wants to help<br />Make Innovation the default – expectations are that government will become open and efficient through innovation<br />“Just Do It” - NxGen … here we come<br />57<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 97. … a final Thought <br />58<br />Get involved – you’ll enjoy it and get benefits back!<br />Open Data NxGen is open to everyone!<br />Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />
  • 98. It’s a long road ….<br /> enjoy the drive<br /> - the destination is worth it!<br />59<br />
  • 99. Open Data – Current State &amp; Next Gen<br />60<br />Thank you <br />Nanaimo<br />
  • 100. Thank You<br />Jury Konga, PrincipaleGovFutures Groupjkonga@sympatico.caTwitter @jkongaSkype jury.kongaOther presentations:www.slideshare.net/jkonga<br />

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