Open Data - Current State & Next Gen

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Open Data is a foundational component of Open Government. This presentation speaks to current state of Open Data and where the Next Generation is headed. The Open Data Framework components are …

Open Data is a foundational component of Open Government. This presentation speaks to current state of Open Data and where the Next Generation is headed. The Open Data Framework components are summarized together with a discussion of the core elements of Open Gov.

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  • 1. Open Data- Current State & Next Gen
    Presented by
    Jury Konga, Principal
    eGovFutures Group
    .
    MISA BC Open Data Conference
    Nanaimo, B.C.
    April 28 - 30, 2011
  • 2. Appreciation is extended to a number of people and organizations in the Open Government & Open Data Community including:
    • MISA BC and the conference organizing committee with special thanks to Per Kristensen and Jason Birch, City of Nanaimo
    • 3. MISA Ontario Gov 2.0 SIG
    • 4. Tracey Lauriault, DataLibre
    • 5. WWW, twitter, YouTube, LinkedIn…. and all my “Open” friends
    • 6. This presentation will be publicly available on www.slideshare.net/jkonga as Creative Commons BY
    • 7. #misaBC #opendata #opengov #gov20 I’m @jkonga … tweet away 
    Acknowledgements
    Open Data – Current State and Next Gen
    2
  • 8. Open Gov Context – Open Data, Citizen Engagement, Collaboration, Innovation
    Open Data Current State
    Principles
    Open Data – local to global
    Open Data Framework
    Next Gen Open Data
    Closing thoughts
    Overview
    Open Data – Current State and Next Gen
    3
  • 9. Conference geographic context
    Regional presence- small to medium size municipalities
    Couple of Out-of-province visitors
    Overview
    4
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 10. Context- Open Government
    • Roots in Freedom of Information legislation (oldest identified with Sweden in 1766, U.S.A. 1966; Canada FOI as well as Privacy Act; 1983)
    • 11. More recently, Open Government focuses on citizen engagement, transparency, accountability, collaboration and innovation
    • 12. 3 Pillars of Open Government from Senator Kate Lundy, Australia:Citizen- Centric Government, Open and Transparent Government and Innovation Facilitation (June 2009)
    • 13. President Obama’s Open Government directive (Jan. 2009) synopsis: Government should be transparent, participatory andcollaborative
    5
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 14. Context- Gov(ernment) 2.0
    • “Government 2.0: Using Technology to Improve Education, Cut Red Tape, Reduce Gridlock, and Enhance Democracy”William Eggers, Deloitte. 2005
    • 15. Gov 2.0 “is the use of technology – especially the collaborative technologies at the heart of Web 2.0 – to better solve the collective problems at a city, state, national and international level”Tim O’Reilly, “Open Government – Collaboration, Transparency and Participation in Practice”. 2010
    • 16. From GovLoop (the government Facebook), working definition (2010):Gov 2.0 embraces the use of new and old tools, changes of employee and contractor culture, and improvements in processes that make government more transparent, collaborative, and participatory--enabling citizens and others to gain more efficient and timely access to data, information, and services through the sharing and distribution of information within and throughout the government.
    6
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 17. Context- Open Data
    • Open Data is a foundational component for Open Government and focuses on freely making public data available in a usable format for all to re-use and add value for the benefit of citizens.
    • 18. Open Data – it’s about public data being easily discoverable, readily accessible and freely available without restrictions (to a degree)
    • 19. Recent Open Data initiatives have focused on public sector data and very recently has also turned to private sector corporate data
    • 20. Open Data – not new, we’ve been doing it for a while … what has changed is the public’s expectations of expanded scope and ease of access to government data
    7
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 21. 8
    Credit: Rob Tornoe / Delaware News Journal, PoliticalCartoons.com
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 22. Open Government- Why?
    9
    This is the “rush” …. needs & expectations
    Images via MS Office
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 23. Open Government - A View of Principles
    10
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 24. Open Government- Perspective for Local Government
    Business: Public Services
    Structure: Corporation
    Governance: Council (Board of Directors)
    Servicing: Citizens and Businesses - the SHAREHOLDERS
    11
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 25. Open Government and Service Delivery
    Open Government – Focus on Citizens and Service
    12
    Municipal Reference Model MRMv2 Components – An Organizing Framework
    Work in Progress
    Source: “Describing Municipal Government -Using Programs and Services” presentation
    by Roy Wiseman
  • 26. Open Government and Service Delivery
    13
    Government
    It’s _ _ _
    Government #&*!%?
    Municipal
    Provincial
    Federal
    We need to move
    from this ….
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 27. Open Government and Service Delivery
    14
    Government
    To this ….
    Municipal
    It’s GOOD
    Government !!!
    Provincial
    Integrated Service
    Delivery
    – Service One concept
    MISA Ontario 2010 conference
    Federal
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 28. Open Government Elements- Focus on Citizens
    15
    What needs to improve to benefit citizens …
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 29. Citizen Engagement- Current State
    16
    Gov 2.0/Web 2.0/ Social Media technologies are pervasive
    Social media becomes key in engagement
    Communications demands increase
    Forming community partnerships is imperative
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 30. Crowdsourcing
    ChangeCamps, CityCamps, GovCamps …
    Pull -> Push -> Dialogue
    Effective communications and citizen engagement requires … ongoing resources
    Citizen Engagement- additional Perspectives
    17
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 31. Citizen Engagement - Open Community Project
    Manitoba & Saskatchewan flooding
    First implement-ation of Ushahidi platform in Canada
    Visualization, submit reports, get alerts, download reports
    Application creators: Laura Madison (MB) and Dale Zak (SK)
    Thanks to Heather Leson for her insight
    18
    Source: http://mbfloods.ca
    #mbfloods via Tweetdeck
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 32. Collaboration- Current State
    “All of us are smarter than one of us”
    Collaborate Now
    “There are more knowledgeable people
    outside your organization than inside”
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    19
  • 33. Collaboration- Current State
    Collaboration Continuum – resource requirements increase ->>>
    Collaborate Now
    Legal
    Partnerships
    Informal
    Info sharing
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    20
  • 34. Collaboration Current State- Open Data Framework Project
    • Kudos to the Group of 4 (G4) for taking a leadership role in Canada
    • 35. Open Data Framework Project with focus on
    • 36. Data Standards
    • 37. End Use agreement
    • 38. Open Data UI and functionality
    • 39. Contributing to best practices for the open data community
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    21
    21
  • 40. Innovation- Current State
    22
    Promote innovation
    - don’t stifle it!
    http://www.socialsignal.com/cartoon
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    22
  • 41. Institute for Citizen Centred Service
    Report on Innovation in Municipal Service Delivery (2010)
    Need a focal point for Innovation
    Centre Of Excellence for Innovation in Municipal Government (proposed in 2009 presentation http://www.slideshare.net/jkonga/web-20-from-a-social-to-a-service-web )
    Apps Development contests and hackathons, leveraging social media technologies, cloud computing (IaaS, SaaS, DaaS …)
    Innovation- Current State
    23
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 42. Innovation Current State - Re-using the Data
    24
    Applications that use and use and use and use the data
    AppsforDemocracy in Washington, DC started a trend of apps contests (2009)
    Examples shown here are: World Bank , British Columbia, Ottawa and Edmonton
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 43. Open Gov Reality – Biggest Challenge is Organizational Culture & Change Management
    Culture change/shock
    • “Good Failure”
    • 44. Engagement /participation
    • 45. Transparency –from control to empowerment
    http://www.publivate.com/thinking-a-innovation/entry/elephant-in-the-room-culture-and-social-media-uptake-in-the-public-sector.html
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    25
  • 46. Open Data- Current State
    • 10 Principles for Opening Up Government Informationhttp://sunlightfoundation.com/policy/documents/ten-open-data-principles/
    • 47. Completeness
    • 48. Primacy
    • 49. Timeliness
    • 50. Ease of Physical and Electronic Access
    • 51. Machine readability
    • 52. Non-discrimination
    • 53. Use of Commonly owned standards
    • 54. Licensing
    • 55. Permanence
    • 56. Usage costs
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    26
  • 57. Open Data- Current State
    • 10 Principles for Opening Up Government Information
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    27
  • 58. Open Data - the New Reality
    Open Data- Current State
    • Global example – World Bank Data Catalog & Apps for Development contest (Initiated April 2010 )
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    28
  • 59. Open Data Current State- the National Level
    United States – www.data.govMay 21, 2009
    United Kingdom –data.gov.ukJan. 19, 2010
    Australia –data.australia.gov.au
    Canadawww.data.gc.caMarch 17, 2011
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    29
  • 60. Open Data - the New Reality
    Open Data Current State- the Provincial Level
    Land Info Ontario
    GeoNova Portal
    GeoBC Apps 4 Climate Action
    MUCH TO DO IN PROVINCES !
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    30
  • 61. Open Data - the New Reality
    Open Data Current State- Small to Medium Municipal Space
    Open Data – not just for large municipalities
    Examples include Nanaimo, B.C.; North Vancouver, B.C.; Surrey, B.C.; London, ON; Mississauga, ON; Windsor, ON (and more on the way)
    Most municipalities provide some degree of “open data” – the need is to make it more extensive
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    31
  • 62. Open Data - the New Reality
    Open Data Current State- U.S. Municipal Space
    Washington DC
    San Francisco
    New York City
    Seattle
    Portland
    32
    32
  • 63. Open Data Current State- Use & Re-Use of the Data
    Great video on value of open data
    - http://www.streetfilms.org/a-case-for-open-data-in-transit/
    Value is not in the raw data alone
    Apps for use of the data is key to open data success
    Value to the Citizen is the bottom line
    33
    Open Data - the New Reality
  • 64. Open Data - the New Reality
    Open Data Current State - Collaboration from Local to Global
    • Local Open Data Community sites and events “owned and operated” by citizens
    • 65. USING Open Data - Local to Global collaborations – all at once!
    • 66. Participated in RHoK Dec 4 – 5, 2010. Combined with Intl Open Data Hackathon: 63 cities, 25 countries, 5 continents
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    34
  • 67. G4: Vancouver, Toronto, Edmonton & Ottawa
    ODF Project: August – December 2010.
    ODF Components
    Governance
    Principles & Policy
    Standards
    Technology
    Data, Operations & Human Resources
    Open Data Portal
    Future Roadmap
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    35
    G4 Open Data CitiesODF Project
    Open Data Framework
  • 68. How do you start an Open Data initiative? Who starts it? Who does what? Etc …
    Open Data is part of Information Management
    Governance structure
    Leverage existing structure (e.g. Steering Committees, Working Groups)
    Fit to size of your organization
    Define roles & responsibilities (initial “pilot” -> ongoing -> “Coordinator”)
    Enterprise participation – internal stakeholders (minimum: key players)
    External Stakeholders – advisory/feedback loop
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    36
    Open Data Framework- Governance
  • 69. Principles: Sunlight Foundation’s “Ten Principles for Opening up Government Information”
    Freedom of Information & Protection of Privacy governs& guidelines http://www.ipc.on.ca/english/Resources/Discussion-Papers/Discussion-Papers-Summary/?id=949
    Key policy issue to be resolved: Terms of Use Open Data license (CIPPIC report - http://www.cippic.ca/open-licensing re: PDDL)
    Reality check – not all principles can be achieved from the outset
    … but need to review existing corporate & IM policies (aligned?)
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    37
    Open Data Framework- Principles & Policy
  • 70. Information Management – open data lifecycle & Municipal Reference Data Model
    Data Discovery and Access – “findability”
    Data Distribution and Data formats – ETL & end user needs
    Commonly requested: CSV/XLS; txt; XML; JSON; KML/KMZ & Mr SID (raster)
    Metadata – best practices & context for data use
    Dublin Core (+ quality) & ISO 19115 NAP for geo data)
    Linked Open Data – next steps towards semantic web
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    38
    Open Data Framework- Standards
    Source: W3C : “Publishing Open Government Data”
  • 71. Technology is not seen as a major challenge
    Technology service elements related to Open Data operations
    Content Management Systems (CMS) ; Extract-Transform-Load (ETL); DBMS; Web 2.0; Access APIs; Analytics & Visualization
    Open Data platform - in-house or hosted
    Public “G Cloud” shared services
    Enterprise approach – defer to Vancouver’s presentation
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    39
    Open Data Framework- Technology
  • 72. Open Data … more please
    Budget, Transit, Service Requests (3-1-1), Facilities & services, policies, website content ….
    Information Asset Inventory – what data do you have? Own?
    Open Data Request process & Prioritization
    Vancouver provided a draft prioritization as part of project
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    40
    Open Data Framework- Data, Operations & HR
  • 73. Open Data/IM Lifecycle Activities
    Data Discovery and Asset Inventory
    Data Request and Prioritization
    Open Data Extraction and Dissemination
    Data and Metadata Maintenance and Quality Assurance
    Departmental and Related Agency Collaboration
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    41
    Open Data Framework- Data, Operations & HR
  • 74. People are the key to any success – corporation’s intellectual capital
    For Open Data operations, a number of HR areas need to be addressed including
    Roles and responsibilities;
    Knowledge and training requirements;
    Integrated teams;
    Career path planning;
    Optimal work environment and reward system
    New position/role: Open Data Coordinator
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    42
    Open Data Framework- Data, Operations & Human Resources
  • 75. Content and User Interface/Experience
    Open Data Portal Functionality
    OpenData.ca Community collaboration portal
    Portal architecture review
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    43
    Open Data Framework- Open Data Portal
  • 76. Similar to eGov phased approach by Gartner and Deloitte, following proposed as the Five Phases of Open Data (FPOD)
    Phase 1 – Open Data Start-up: Publishing Information on Website
    Phase 2 – Open Data Transactional: Providing a Data Catalogue Service
    Phase 3 – Creating a Multi-functional Open Data Portal
    Phase 4 – Open Data Transformation: Achieving Enterprise Open Data
    Phase 5 – Full Integration with Global Open Data Community
    A Roadmap addresses moving along the maturity model
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    44
    Open Data Framework- Open Data Maturity Model
  • 77. Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    45
    Open Data Framework- Open Data Maturity Model
    Five Phases of Open Data
    Evolutionary within
    Info Management Best Practices
  • 78. Moving forward together … as a community
    Need to leverage our
    Community Intellectual Capital
    and resources
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    46
  • 79. Open Data- the Next Generation
    • Where should we be headed …
    • 80. Ubiquitous + Gov as a Facilitator
    • 81. Real time FOI responses
    • 82. Real time updates
    • 83. Crowdsourced data maintenance & QA
    • 84. Access by voice or standard QRcodes
    47
    Jury Konga
    Open by Design TM
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 85. 48
    Open Data - NxGen
    Open Data
    DNA
    Linked
    Open Data
    … everything is connected to everything
    Linked
    Personal Data
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 86. 49
    Open Data NxGen- the Co Factor
    Co-llaboration
    Co-development
    Co-delivery
    • Co-mmunication
    • 87. Co-mmunityengagement
    • 88. Co-mmunity benefit
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 89. Open Data NxGen- New Approach
    50
    Consider a new focus for the Service Provider – Client Relationship
    WE
    From this ….
    to this ..
    Service
    Provider
    Service
    Recipient
    Service
    Provider
    Service
    Recipient
    Us
    Government
    Them
    Citizens
    A Community Approach
    To Public Service
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 90. 51
    Open Data NxGen- Crowdsourcing
    Today’s examples of where tomorrow will go
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 91. 52
    Open Data NxGen- Crowdsourcing
    Many ways to Crowdsource
    - don’t discount any of the opportunities
    …. Not everything is digital
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 92. Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    53
    Open Data NxGen- MRDM v1.0
    MRM v2 = Municipal Services Model
    NxGen = Municipal Reference Data Model
    Data required for services
    Data definitions – a standard (leverage existing work) to be used by public + private sector
    Semantics resolution – mapping the differences
    Moving it from local –global
    Optimizes open data search results
    Assists apps dev community
  • 93. Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    54
    Open Data NxGen- Enhanced Usability
    Visualization
    User interaction
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/interactive/2010/oct/19/comprehensive-spending-review-cuts
  • 94. Open Data NxGen- Enhanced Content & Access
    Municipal
    Public Service
    Provincial
    Federal
    OpenData.
    EARTH
    Academia, Non-Profits, Community Groups
    External
    Data Linkages
    (e.g. World Bank)
    OpenData.CA
    OpenStreetMap
    Community Updates
    Source: Municipal Open Government Framework, 2010www.slideshare.net/jkonga
    55
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 95. Open Data NxGen- Integrated Service Delivery
    Open Data becomes part of Integrated Service Delivery
    Value of the strategic asset is optimized
    Service Requests
    Service One (2.0)
    - The Service Coordinator
    Requests from MyHomePage
    (Facebook, Twitter, verbal)
    Integrated Service Delivery “Engine”
    Standardized Processes, Protocols
    and Knowledge Base
    Business
    Knowledge
    Database
    Source: From a Social to a Service Web, 2009. www.slideshare.net/jkonga
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    56
    56
  • 96. … a few Concluding Thoughts
    Embrace Open Government and Open Data – you’re actually already part of the way there
    Accelerate Open Data – all levels of government need to increase knowledge and pick up the pace of moving forward to benefit all
    Plan now, develop incrementally – awareness of the new environment, readiness assessment, align with priorities & allocate resources
    Collaborate Now - limited resources and increasing internal and external demands for efficient and effective government dictate it
    Build and Leverage Your Community – engage the citizens, businesses and community groups … the community wants to help
    Make Innovation the default – expectations are that government will become open and efficient through innovation
    “Just Do It” - NxGen … here we come
    57
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 97. … a final Thought
    58
    Get involved – you’ll enjoy it and get benefits back!
    Open Data NxGen is open to everyone!
    Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
  • 98. It’s a long road ….
    enjoy the drive
    - the destination is worth it!
    59
  • 99. Open Data – Current State & Next Gen
    60
    Thank you
    Nanaimo
  • 100. Thank You
    Jury Konga, PrincipaleGovFutures Groupjkonga@sympatico.caTwitter @jkongaSkype jury.kongaOther presentations:www.slideshare.net/jkonga