Here’s an obvious statement:We change the way weuse language dependingon the situation.
Influences on variety of language Field The topic or subject we are writing or talking about. Has a large impact on vocabulary. Manner The relationship between participants (speakers, or writer/audience) Mode Written or spoken texts, at the simplest level, then looking at text type at a deeper level (eg. letter, article, essay, leaflet)
In analysing differences informality/register, there are three areas to look at: Lexis – choices in vocabulary Grammar – sentence length and complexity. Also ellipsis, repetition, use of the passive. Phonology – pronunciation of words in spoken texts. Use of contractions eg. don’t, haven’t, and using fishing or fishin’.
When is register important?In analysing texts, you need toconsider how context and situationhave influenced the language that isused.When writing your own texts forcoursework, you need to ensure youuse a register that is appropriate.
Levels of formalityPut these in order from formal to informal:• shattered• suffering from chronic fatigue• very tired• knackered
Levels of formality• suffering from chronic fatigue• very tired• shattered• knackeredNow write down a text type each form would be used in.
Weetabix TextWould you describe this text as formal orinformal?Is the same level of formality presentthroughout the text?Why has this level of formality beenchosen by the writer, and what effectdoes it have?
Text Comparisonhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9ehIwXYxzgBing’s SpeechWeetabix textBooky-Wook Extract
Part 1Is your text formal or informal?Is it consistent?Find five quotes/words you coulddiscuss relating to theformality/register of the text.
Part 2Compare the formality in the threetexts.Imagine you were grouping these threetexts in the exam. Write a section of anexam response presenting this groupand exploring two quotes from each textto show similarities and differences.
Structure of response:Introduce groupFormality of Text AFormality of Text BFormality of Text CConclusion – draw comparisons/linksbetween the texts.