Nouns pronouns

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  • 1. -How to identify-Types and forms-Function in a sentence
  • 2.  The part of speech that is used to name a person, place, thing, quality, or action Can function as the subject or object of a verb, the object of a preposition, or an appositive (apposition – using two noun phrases together eg. ‘the poet Tennyson’, or ‘Matt Damon, the acclaimed actor’)
  • 3.  Any member of a small class of words found in many languages that are used as replacements or substitutes for nouns and noun phrases, and that have very general reference, eg. I, you, he, this, who, what.
  • 4. Noun, pronoun or other…!! Noun – stand Pronoun – sit Other – standing crazy wave Don’t be a
  • 5. NounProper Common Count Noncount Concrete Abstract
  • 6.  Proper: capital letter, rarely plural, don’t usually use a determiner (a, the), can be more than one word eg. London, George, Tuesday, The Hague, King’s College. Count nouns: individual, countable entities eg. book/s, egg/s, horse/s. Can’t stand alone as a singular (Book is nice.) Use a or the.
  • 7. NounProper Common Count Noncount Concrete Abstract
  • 8.  Noncount nouns: a mass or notion eg. butter, music, advice. Don’t allow a plural. Use some or the. Can be used with bit or piece or a special collective term eg. a skulk of foxes. Some nouns can be count or noncount depending on the meaning eg. Would you like a cake? / I like cake.
  • 9. NounProper Common Count Noncount Concrete Abstract
  • 10.  Both count and noncount nouns can be concrete or abstract nouns. Concrete = something that can be observed or measured, eg. book, car, elephant, butter. Abstract = something unobservable eg. difficulty, idea, certainty. Some nouns are between the two eg. structure, version, music – they permit either interpretation.
  • 11. NounProper Common Count Noncount Concrete Abstract
  • 12. Pronouns – words that can take the place or a noun, noun phrase or several noun phrases.Main types: Personal pronouns – I, you, he, she, it, we, they Reflexive pronouns – end in self/selves – myself, themselves (can reflect a noun or pronoun) Possessive pronouns – show ownership – my, your/s, mine, their/s, her/s, his
  • 13. Minor types: Reciprocal pronouns show a two-way relationship eg. each other, one another. Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions eg. who, whose, which, what, whom. Relative pronouns are used to link a subordinate clause to a main clause eg. That’s the book which caused the trouble.
  • 14.  Demonstrative pronouns show a difference eg. take this one, not that one. Indefinite pronouns express quantity eg. some-, any-, no- or every- followed by –thing, -one, or –body. Also each, much, more, most, less, fewer, some.
  • 15. 1. While he was out of school, Rob missed three important tests.2. She told me I had to leave the room immediately.3. It was a horrible looking cat.4. They were all late for lessons.5. Brian is my best friend and I will always be there for him.6. I promised my mum that I would leave her alone so that she could work.7. They are both very gentle, beautiful horses.8. If we go out tonight we have to be home by 9pm.9. I am starting a new fitness class tonight.
  • 16. 1. While he was out of school, Rob missed three important tests.2. She told me I had to leave the room immediately.3. It was a horrible looking cat.4. They were all late for lessons.5. Brian is my best friend and I will always be there for him.6. I promised my mum that I would leave her alone so that she could work.7. They are both very gentle, beautiful horses.8. If we go out tonight we have to be home by 9pm.9. I am starting a new fitness class tonight.
  • 17. 1. While he was out of school, Rob missed three important tests.2. She told me I had to leave the room immediately.3. It was a horrible looking cat.4. They were all late for lessons.5. Brian is my best friend and I will always be there for him.6. I promised my mum that I would leave her alone so that she could work.7. They are both very gentle, beautiful horses.8. If we go out tonight we have to be home by 9pm.9. I am starting a new fitness class tonight.