Blend Words These are two words blended into one: Can you un-blend these?3. electrocute4. fortnight5. intercom6. motel7. Muppet8. paratroops9. smog10. workaholic
Blend Words Answers:2. electric + execute3. fourteen + nights4. internal + communication5. motor + hotel6. marionette + puppet7. parachute + troops8. smoke + fog9. work + alcoholic
Morphology The study of the structure of words Is a word the smallest unit of meaning?The plogs glorped bliplyQ1: How many plogs were there: one, or more than one?Q2: What were they doing?Q3: Were they doing it now or in the past?
Morphemes Smaller units of meaning are called morphemes, eg. ed, s, ly.one dog, elephant, establish, childmorphemetwo dog s, elephant ine, establish ment, child ishmorphemesthree dis establish ment, child ish nessmorphemes Just for fun, how many morphemes in: Anti dis establish ment arian ism ?
Split these into individual morphemes, then identify each morpheme as one of these:- Independent (I) – can stand on its own- Dependent (D) – must be attached to another morphemeand the dependent ones as:- Grammatical (G) – defines the word’s role in the sentence or gives grammatical information- Creative (C) – forms a new word pigs, barked, unlikely, motherhood, salty, cherry, taller, hammer, displease, hardship, superheroes, player, payee, coffee
Prefixes and Suffixes Many morphemes are affixes – prefixes which go at the start of the word or suffixes which go at the end. How many prefixes and suffixes can you list?
Conversion – when affixes change theword class These affixes change a word’s word class, eg from verb to adjective. Can you identify which do what? able, ible, ing, ive, pre, ify, ally, ly, sion, tion, less, ful, ism
Some examples: able: enjoy to enjoyable – verb to adjective ible: digest to digestible – verb to adjective ing: shine to shining – verb to verb/adjective ive: response to responsive – noun to adjective pre: operation to pre-operation – noun to adjective ify: valid to validify - adjective to verb ally: radical to radically – adjective to adverb ly: neat to neatly – adjective to adverb sion: averse to aversion – adjective to noun tion: abbreviate to abbreviation – verb to noun less: fault to faultless – noun to adjective ful: beauty to beautiful – noun to adjective ism: athletic to athleticism – adjective to noun
Lexical relationships - remember these? Homophone Homonym Homograph Synonym Antonym homo- same ant- opposite syn- together -phone sound -nym name -graph written
Lexical relationships - remember these? Homophone – there/their/they’re r Homonym – punch/punch t he a no o r of e f Homograph – bow/bow T hink mpl exa each Synonym – seat/chair Antonym – hot/cold homo- same ant- opposite syn- together -phone sound -nym name -graph written
LEXIS- COMPOUNDS- BLENDS- MORPHOLOGY- PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES- HOMOPHONES ETC.