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India powerpoint

India powerpoint






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    India powerpoint India powerpoint Presentation Transcript

    • India
    •  India’s northernborder starts on thesouthern edge of thecontinent of Asia. TheHimalaya is amountain systemwhich blocks off Indiafrom the rest of Asia.This makes India asubcontinent.
    • Monsoon India’s climate, or usualweather, has monsoons, orstrong winds. The wintermonsoon blows in cold, dry airfrom the mountains. Thesummer monsoon bringswarm, wet air from theArabian Sea. Summermonsoons bring the rainyseason.
    • Language Family Around 1900 B.C., the people ofthe Indus Valley began to leavetheir cities. Soon, people calledthe Aryans began settling theriver valley. The Aryans came from centralAsia. They were nomads, so theytraveled around to find food fortheir herds of cattle. The Aryanswere not a single race or a tribe.They were a group of peoplewho spoke similar languages.This language family wascalled Indo-European
    • Sanskrit The early Aryans did not write thingsdown when they were nomads. Whenthey became farmers, they developed awritten language called Sanskrit. UsingSanskrit, they wrote down sales and tradeinformation.
    • Vedas They also wrote downsongs, stories, poems, and prayers insacred books called the Vedas.
    • Raja The Aryans lived ingroups, each ruledby a raja, or prince.Rajas often foughtwith each other overtreasure and cattle.
    • Caste In the Aryan society, social groupsdeveloped. They became the castesystem. A person was born into one casteand could never change to anyother. The caste system had rulesfor almost every part oflife, including marriage, work, andfriendships. The many different castes in Indiansociety were grouped into fourclasses called varnas. Brahmins- who were priests. Kshatriyas, the warriors. They ranthe government and the army. Vaisyas, or “common” people.”They werefarmers, craftspeople, andmerchants. Sudras. They were lower-classworkers and servants who had fewrights. Most Indians were Sudras. One group was too low to be part ofthe caste system— .
    • Untouchables Untouchables.◦ Untouchables did work considered too dirty forcaste members, such as collecting trash.
    • Guru Men had many more rights than women.Only men went to school or could becomepriests. When they were young, someboys studied with a guru, or teacher.Older boys went to schools in the cities