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India
 India’s northernborder starts on thesouthern edge of thecontinent of Asia. TheHimalaya is amountain systemwhich blocks o...
Monsoon India’s climate, or usualweather, has monsoons, orstrong winds. The wintermonsoon blows in cold, dry airfrom the ...
Language Family Around 1900 B.C., the people ofthe Indus Valley began to leavetheir cities. Soon, people calledthe Aryans...
Sanskrit The early Aryans did not write thingsdown when they were nomads. Whenthey became farmers, they developed awritte...
Vedas They also wrote downsongs, stories, poems, and prayers insacred books called the Vedas.
Raja The Aryans lived ingroups, each ruledby a raja, or prince.Rajas often foughtwith each other overtreasure and cattle.
Caste In the Aryan society, social groupsdeveloped. They became the castesystem. A person was born into one casteand cou...
Untouchables Untouchables.◦ Untouchables did work considered too dirty forcaste members, such as collecting trash.
Guru Men had many more rights than women.Only men went to school or could becomepriests. When they were young, someboys s...
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  1. 1. India
  2. 2.  India’s northernborder starts on thesouthern edge of thecontinent of Asia. TheHimalaya is amountain systemwhich blocks off Indiafrom the rest of Asia.This makes India asubcontinent.
  3. 3. Monsoon India’s climate, or usualweather, has monsoons, orstrong winds. The wintermonsoon blows in cold, dry airfrom the mountains. Thesummer monsoon bringswarm, wet air from theArabian Sea. Summermonsoons bring the rainyseason.
  4. 4. Language Family Around 1900 B.C., the people ofthe Indus Valley began to leavetheir cities. Soon, people calledthe Aryans began settling theriver valley. The Aryans came from centralAsia. They were nomads, so theytraveled around to find food fortheir herds of cattle. The Aryanswere not a single race or a tribe.They were a group of peoplewho spoke similar languages.This language family wascalled Indo-European
  5. 5. Sanskrit The early Aryans did not write thingsdown when they were nomads. Whenthey became farmers, they developed awritten language called Sanskrit. UsingSanskrit, they wrote down sales and tradeinformation.
  6. 6. Vedas They also wrote downsongs, stories, poems, and prayers insacred books called the Vedas.
  7. 7. Raja The Aryans lived ingroups, each ruledby a raja, or prince.Rajas often foughtwith each other overtreasure and cattle.
  8. 8. Caste In the Aryan society, social groupsdeveloped. They became the castesystem. A person was born into one casteand could never change to anyother. The caste system had rulesfor almost every part oflife, including marriage, work, andfriendships. The many different castes in Indiansociety were grouped into fourclasses called varnas. Brahmins- who were priests. Kshatriyas, the warriors. They ranthe government and the army. Vaisyas, or “common” people.”They werefarmers, craftspeople, andmerchants. Sudras. They were lower-classworkers and servants who had fewrights. Most Indians were Sudras. One group was too low to be part ofthe caste system— .
  9. 9. Untouchables Untouchables.◦ Untouchables did work considered too dirty forcaste members, such as collecting trash.
  10. 10. Guru Men had many more rights than women.Only men went to school or could becomepriests. When they were young, someboys studied with a guru, or teacher.Older boys went to schools in the cities
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