ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS What geographic characteristics define a region? When is it appropriate to use a map, chart or graph? If so, what type? Can constructing maps, charts, and graphs illustrate the stories of geographic phenomena? Learner Objective(s): Students will be able to… differentiate the characteristics of a region. (6.G.1.3) identify regions around the world, including continents and oceans. (6.G.1.3) utilize maps and their essential components (legend, scale, compass rose, and title). (6.G.2.2) examine the purpose of the varieties of maps. (6.G.2.2)Tasks: Check signed SS Newsletters Remind students to work on their Friendly Letter –Due Tuesday 7/17 Continent/Oceans Activity Anticipation Guide Warm Up Continent/Oceans PowerPoint
DEFINITIONS OF CRITICAL VOCABULARY &UNDERLYING CONCEPTSGEOGRAPHIC PHENOMENA A rare occurrence in geography that makes one question why it is. One example of phenomena is the spatial distribution of volcanoes surrounding the Pacific Ocean. The distribution is so particular that it has been named the “Ring of Fire”.
LEGEND- Describes the key characteristics of a map.
ABSOLUTE LOCATION Location that has specific identifiers (ex. coordinates, address).
RELATIVE LOCATION Location as determined by its proximity to other places or things
LATITUDE- The distance north or south of the Equator and measured in degrees
LONGITUDE The distance east or west of the Prime Meridian and measured in degrees.
PLACE- A place is an area that is defined by everything in it. All places have features that give them personality and distinguish them from other places.
PLACE PHYSICAL -Landforms, bodies of water, climate
PLACE HUMAN Cultural characteristics- language, religion, customs, and leisure time activities
CONTINENTS AND OCEANS •If we look at a globe or simple map of the world the first thing we notice is that it is two different colors. These colors are usually green and blue, like the globe above. The green area is land, and the blue area is water. •One way to look at the world is by looking at a globe. A globe is a round model of the Earth. By looking at a globe and spinning it around, we can see all the areas of land and water in scale, so they are exactly true to their real shapes and sizes. • Scale is the way that mapmakers reduce the real size of land masses, oceans, rivers, and other landforms to sizes that fit on a map or globe. Having a true scale is an advantage of using a globe. We cannot however, see all of the world at the same time. •We can not see what is on the back of the globe, while we are looking at the front. This is one disadvantage of using a globe.
SEVEN CONTINENTSAnother way to see the worlds land masses and bodies of water is by looking at a flatmap. With a flat map, we can see the entire world at one time. This is an advantage of usinga flat map. Because the world is round and not flat, a flat map can not show the exact scaleof the shape or size of the land and water areas. This is one disadvantage of using a flatmap. Whether we are using a globe or flat map of the world, we will find that all of the worlds landis broken up into seven main sections. These very large areas of land are calledcontinents. The seven continents are:1. North America2. South America3. Africa4. Europe5. Asia6. Australia7. Antarctica
OCEANS Oceans make up most of the worlds surface area. There are four oceans that separate the continents from one another. They are the Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Arctic Ocean The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean, while the Arctic Ocean is the smallest.
WORLD MAP-POLITICAL MAP A political map identifies boundaries or borders of countries.
TOPOGRAPHIC MAP/ PHYSICAL MAP MAP THAT SHOW PHYSICAL FEATURES OF THE EARTH’S SURFACE-LANDFORMS AND BODIES OFWATER. Scandinavia Kamchatka Peninsula Ural Mts. North European Plain Rocky Gobi North Mts Great Plains Alps China Tian Shan Plain Appalachian Mts Plateau of Tibet Plateau of Atlas Mt Iran Himalayas Sahara Arabian Peninsula Sahel Deccan Ethiopian HighlandsPlateau Guiana Highlands Malay Peninsula Brazilian Highlands Kalahari Desert Andes Great Dividing Range