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Ancient greece powerpoint



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  • 1.  In the center of most city-states was a fortress on a hill. This hill was called the acropolis (uh-KRAH-puh-luhs), which is Greek for “top city.” In addition to the fortress, many city-states built temples and other public buildings on the acropolis. Around the acropolis was the rest of the city, including houses and markets. High walls usually surrounded the city for protection. In wartime, farmers who lived outside the walls could seek safety inside. Living in city-states provided many advantages for the Greeks. The city was a place where people could meet and trade. In addition, the city-state gave people a new sense of identity. People thought of themselves as residents of a particular city-state, not as Greeks.
  • 2. ATHENS SPARTA City state located in south  City-state located in eastern part of Greece southern part of Greece Focused on developing the  Focused on developing the mind- Knowledge body- military city-state
  • 3.  Doric  Ionic Corinthian Type of Greek column  Type of Greek column Type of Greek column
  • 4.  Aristocracy Oligarchy Monarchy Democracy Direct Democracy
  • 5.  Socrates  Plato Artistotle
  • 6. Polytheism Zeus  Athena  Poseidon
  • 7.  Trojan War Homer • Odyssey
  • 8.  Golden Age
  • 9.  Hellenistic
  • 10.  Early Greek societies were heavily influenced by the topography and available resources of the region, leading to the development of city-states and colonies rather than an expansive empire based on a particular river valley.
  • 11.  The Golden Age of Greece brought important advances in government, art, architecture, and philosophy. These advances are foundational components of Western civilization to this day.
  • 12.  Greek values were eventually spread throughout the Mediterranean and Asia Minor by Alexander the Great.
  • 13.  The Greek religion was polytheistic and portrayed gods and goddesses with human- like emotional states such as anger, jealousy, and joy. The Greeks believed that their deities took an active and constant role in their lives. Major Olympian gods/goddesses included Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, and Athena, among others.
  • 14.  Greekcity-states developed radically independent political and cultural systems, the most obvious example being Athens and Sparta
  • 15.  The war between Sparta and Athens weakened the city-states and opened them up to conquest by Alexander the Great and later by the Romans.
  • 16.  Ancient Greek influences in today’s world include democracy, art, architecture, literature, philosophy, mythology and the Olympics.