Ancient egypt vocabulary

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Ancient egypt vocabulary

  1. 1.  Nile River—The Nile is the longest river in the world. It runs north through Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea, a distance of 4000 miles. Upper Egypt– southern region of Egypt. It is located upriver in the relation to the Nile’s flow. The Nile’s floods this region in mid-summer. Lower Egypt– the northern region of Egypt. It is located downriver. The Nile floods this region in the fall. (pg. 279)
  2. 2.  Pharaoh– the titles used by the rulers of ancient Egypt. Historians believe that Menes (MEE-neez) was the first pharaoh. Dynasty– series of rulers from the same family
  3. 3.  Old Kingdom—period in Egyptian history that last for about 500 years from about 2700 to 2200 B.C. The Great Pyramids and the Sphinx were created during this time.
  4. 4.  Nobles- -people from rich and powerful families Afterlife– life after death. This belief in the afterlife came from their belief in ka (kah) Ka-- or a person’s life force. The Egyptians believed that when a person died their ka would become a spirit. However, their ka was linked to their body therefore it could not leave the burial site. The ka needs all the same things as a living person therefore the Egyptians would fill tombs with clothing, furniture, tools, jewelry and weapons. Relatives would bring food and drink to the their loved one’s tombs.
  5. 5.  Mummification- method of embalming to preserve bodies. Egypt’s royalty and elite were mummified.
  6. 6. • Middle Kingdom-- period in Egyptian history from about 2050 to 1750 B.C. In the period Egypt becomes an international power by reconquering Nubia and expanding trade routes.• New Kingdom-- period in Egyptian history from about 1550 to 1050 B.C. This was also the period that Egypt reached the height of its power and glory.
  7. 7.  Hieroglyphics– system of writing that used pictures to represent sounds or words.
  8. 8.  Papyrus– long-lasting paper-like material made from reeds; used to write on.
  9. 9.  Rosetta Stone– stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics. It was discovered in 1799 by a French soldier. It allowed historians to be able to read the Egyptian hieroglyphics.

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