WHAT DO ARCHEOLOGISTS KNOW ABOUT THEEARLY NORTH AMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS?
WHAT IS AN ARCHEOLOGIST? Scientist who study the early civilizations by analyzing the artifacts. *Examples: Egyptian Pyramids Macchu Picchu-Peru Mesa Verde -Colorado
WHO WERE SOME EARLY NATIVE AMERICANS? * Cliff Dwellers -Southwest- (dessert) Mound Builders -Midwest and Southeast ( Mississippi River into the Appalachian Mts.) Flourished between 500-1500 Disappeared when European explorers first made contact.
WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THESECIVILIZATIONS? Neither group left written records All information is based on archeological evidence
Cliff Dwellers=Farming cultures -(Mesa Verde) Colorado a. Hokokam b. Anasazi c. Mogollon Built irrigation canals to carry water to their crops Lived in stone houses
MOUND BUILDERS-WEALTHY PEOPLE *Adena Hopewell Mississippian Built large villages Had many resources More than 10,000 people Burial chambers- give artifacts like pearls that prove the people were wealthy Miamisburg Mound (Ohio)
WHAT HAPPENED TO THE CLIFF DWELLERS ANDMOUND BUILDERS? * Both civilizations suddenly disappeared 1. disease- from Europeans 2. shortage of food/water- could not support the population 3. political conflicts -weakened the civilizations (or a combination of all of these)
ARE THESE CIVILIZATIONS RELATED TO LATER NATIVEAMERICAN TRIBES? * Some oral histories do connect them * Art and pottery show a connection These civilizations left some of the most impressive archeological sites in North America