How to Perform an Initial Website Optimization and
1. Requirements Analysis
• Determine the goals for the website from the perspective of the user and the business.
(a) Resolve keywords we wish to optimise. Execute fundamental SEO – meta tags, image
tags, internal linking.
Another practice that can increase usability is the use of semantic tags rather than
format tags. Although format tags offer designers more control over the appearance
of text, semantic tags can be more usable across platforms. People with different
browsers will more likely get the proper interpretation of text regardless of how it is
(b) Set up Google Maps http://www.google.com/local/add/lookup
(c) Off site optimisation around relevant directory listings and engaging with selected
social media for this product.
• Determine the user needs and target usability requirements.
• Examples of issues:
(i) Many of the pages don’t deliver the content they are supposed to display. If the
content doesn’t exist it should either be removed or a placeholder ‘items coming soon’
should be provided.
(i) User should be able to turn music off. It can be very frustrating not to be able to turn
control the sound.
(ii) Nothing jumps out at me saying this is a reputable ecommerce site. ie. trusted, secure
shopping logo or identification. Ex. Truste
• Evaluate existing versions of the site.
• Examples of issues:
(i) Navigation isn’t consistent and there is a high level of duplication of content. ex. Spring/
Summer Women’s behaves differently from Autumn/Winter Women’s pages. Men’s
pages are duplicated in Spring/Summer and Autumn/Winter.
(ii) I recommend a slight reconstruction to optimize navigation and functionality. Please
see attached wireframe for the Home Page.
(iii) Most of the questions I’ve listed can be answered on the site, but require too much
searching to locate. I’ve put together content restructuring guidelines to address most
of the following entitled ‘The Website Basic Site Architecture’.
(iv) Shopping pages should have option to ‘view all’ and should be easier to navigate. Ex.
Use slideshow and expandable pop-ups to manage product information.
(v) Eliminate duplicated content/pages. Ex. Plan A Party: There are 3 pages of duplicated
• Perform a competitive analysis.
• Perform user interviews and surveys.
• Ask friends and family to use the site and provide feedback.
2. Conceptual Design
• Compose fresh copy to address keyword strategy and SEO objectives.
• Sketch out a site design and architecture at an abstract level.
• Basic wireframes will be provided to assist with redevelopment of the website -
including directions for persistent navigation, information architecture, and
consistent page elements.
• Conduct a task analysis to find critical features.
• The main goal of the redesign would be to address the issue of page indexing and
improving navigation, and include the following elements:
✤ Unique Content - Highlight most valuable pages by applying static URLs
and internal links.
✤ Monetization Plan - smooth/easy eCommerce experience
3. Mockups / Prototypes
• Rapidly create visual representations (mockups) or interactive representations
(prototypes) of the site.
• Evaluate usability through focus groups, user tests, and walkthroughs.
• Use the evaluation results to create more mockups or improve the prototypes.
• Repeat this process (design iteration) until the design and usability goals are met
• Create the final product.
• Evaluate functionality through testing, quality assurance, usability testing, and field
• Use the evaluation results to improve the product.
• Repeat this process (production iteration) until the business goals are met.
5. Launch and Maintenance
• Launch the website.
• Maintain and refine with user feedback.
• Use the feedback to create new requirements, and begin major design improvements
6. Future Focus: Measuring Success
We can analyse traffic and track behaviour data; including monitoring social media widgets used to
promote the brand and increase traffic. Additionally, the more external sites that link to The
Website the better - can partners and related sites link to home page or info pages? Enhance
affiliate program. Continue with off-site optimisation around relevant directory listings and engaging
with selected social media for this product.
Below is a short list of the most valuable elements in visitor tracking:
• Campaign Tracking - The ability to put specific URLs or referrer strings onto ads,
emails, or links and track their success.
• Action Tracking - Adding the ability to track certain actions on a site like form
submission, newsletter signups, add to cart buttons, and checkout or transaction
completions and tying them together with campaigns and keyword tracking so you
know what ads, links, terms, and campaigns are bringing you the best visitors.
• Search Engine Referral Tracking - Seeing which search engines sent which
visitors over time and tracking the terms and phrases they used to reach your
site. Combined with action tracking, this can help you determine which terms are
most valuable to target.
• Referring URLs & Domain Tracking - This allows you to see what URLs and
domains are responsible for sending you traffic. By tracking these individually,
you can see where your most valuable links are coming from.
• First-Time vs. Return Visitors - Find out what percentage of your visitors are
coming back each day/week/month. This can help you to figure out how "sticky"
and consistently interesting your site is.
• Entry Pages - Which pages are attracting the most visitors and which are
converting them. You can also see pages that have a very high rate of loss -
those pages which don't do a good job pulling people into the site.
• Visitor Demographics - Where are your visitors coming from, what browsers are
they using, what time do they visit? All these questions and many more can be
answered with demographics.
• Click Path Analysis - What paths do your visitors follow when they get to your
site? This data can help you make more logical streams of pages for visitors to
use as they navigate your site, attempt to find information, or complete a task.
• Popular Pages - Which pages get the most visitors and which are neglected? Use
this data to help improve low popularity pages and emulate highly trafficked ones.
• Page Views per Session - This data can tell you how many pages each visitor to
your site is viewing - another metric used to measure "stickiness”.
Evaluation occurs at every stage of the process. Similar types of evaluation can occur at different
stages of the design process to keep in mind the goals of the project and the users' needs. And if it
comes down to a choice, reduce the scope of the project rather than the usability.