And he made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ,
to be put into effect when the times will have reached their fulfillment-- to bring all things in heaven and on earth together under one head, even Christ.
your kingdom come , your will be done on earth as it is in heaven .
3 Levels of Separation
Garden: Desire? To become “like God”
Result: Relationship fractured, not broken
Eventual, not immediate death
Life becomes struggle
Sons of god: Desire? To overcome limitations of limited lifespan
Further limitation of lifespan
Separation between divine and natural realms
Tower of Babel: Desire? To overcome limitations by re-uniting the divine and natural realms
Result: Fractured relationships between people
Setback in human advancement
1 Sam 8:7
7 And the LORD told him: "Listen to all that the people are saying to you; it is not you they have rejected, but they have rejected me as their king.
1 Sam 12:12
12 "But when you saw that Nahash king of the Ammonites was moving against you, you said to me, 'No, we want a king to rule over us'-- even though the LORD your God was your king.
Gen. 49:8-12; 2 Sam 7:1-17
The promise of God to Abraham was the central focus of the first part of Israel’s history
The promise of God to David would be the main focus for the rest of the OT
Dynasty of rulers/eternal kingdom
3 Levels of Restoration
Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea.
I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband.
3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, "Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God.
He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.“
He who was seated on the throne said, "I am making everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true."
6 He said to me: "It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To him who is thirsty I will give to drink without cost from the spring of the water of life.
7 He who overcomes will inherit all this, and I will be his God and he will be my son.
But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars-- their place will be in the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death.“
One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and said to me, "Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.“
And he carried me away in the Spirit to a mountain great and high, and showed me the Holy City, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God.
The centerpiece of God’s eternal purpose is for Jesus to come back to fully establish His Kingdom rule over all the earth as He joins the heavenly and earthly realms together.
Heaven speaks of the supernatural realm where God’s power and presence are fully manifest.
Earth speaks of the physical realm as the place where natural process, human emotion and physical sensation reach full expression, thus, requiring a resurrected body. The earth will continue forever (Ps. 37:29; 78:69; 104:5; 105:10-11; 125:1-2; 1 Chr. 23:25; 28:8; Isa. 60:21; Ezek. 37:25; Joel 3:20). Theologians debate on whether this present earth will be renovated (renewed) or annihilated after the Millennium. I believe it will be renovated.
3 Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them , and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God. (Rev. 21:3)
God’s purpose has always been to live together with His people face to face on this earth . This is the most difficult yet ultimate reality that God determined to accomplish through Christ. The dilemma is that God cannot violate His blazing holiness and yet will not violate man’s free will. He had to provide a salvation that created the context for Him to dwell face to face with humans.
In the Millennial Kingdom, Jesus’ primary mandate is to prepare the earth for the Father’s coming by bringing all the people and nations to mature righteousness (1 Cor. 15:24-28).
Gentile believers usually think of worshipping Jesus as God in the supernatural conditions of heaven . We emphasize Jesus’ deity as the Son of God .
Whereas, the Jewish paradigm thinks of reigning with the Messianic King as a man in the natural conditions of the earth . They emphasize the Messiah’s humanity as the Son of David .
The full truth is only seen when these two paradigms are brought together.
Jerusalem shall be called the Throne of the LORD , and all the nations shall be gathered to it, to the name of the LORD, to Jerusalem . (Jeremiah 3:17)
Jesus will rule the entire earth from Jerusalem (1 Chr. 23:25; 2 Chr. 7:16; 30:8; 33:4, 7; Ps. 2:6; Isa. 2:3; 4:2-6; 24:23; 27:13; 59:20; 60:13-14; 62:1, 7; 65:18; 66:20; Jer. 3:17; 31:12; Ezek. 37:28; 43:4, 7; Joel 3:17; Mic. 4:2; Zech. 6:12-13; 8:2-3; 14:10; Mt. 5:35)
In the Millennium all the kings of the earth will be saved and worship Jesus (Ps. 72:11; 102:15; 138:4; 148:11; Isa. 62:2; Rev. 21:24) and base their national governments on the Scriptures. The result will be a 1000-year period of peace, righteousness, prosperity, and unprecedented blessing for the whole earth as Jesus restores the agriculture, atmosphere, and animal life, etc. He will restore part of this earth to the conditions of the Garden of Eden.
Earth in Scripture is used to describe our planet in four different time frames.
First, the original earth which God called “very good” (Gen. 1:31) before Adam sinned.
Second, this present earth which is under the curse of sin (Gen. 3:16-19; Rom. 8:20-22).
Third, the Millennial earth will be establish in substantial righteousness and justice by Jesus' coming to establish a 1000-year period of unprecedented blessing (Isa. 2:1-4; 9:6-9; 11:6-9; 65:20-25).
Fourth, the New Earth which is established in perfect righteousness after the Millennial Kingdom is completed (2 Pet. 3:13). This is the time when the Father will dwell on earth with His people.
Heaven in Scripture can be used to refer to four different realities.
The first heavens refers to the sky (atmosphere) above the earth.
The mid-heavens (heavenly places) refers to the place from which high ranking demonic powers rule (Eph. 2:2; 6:12).
The Third Heaven is the place of God’s Throne and where angels and disembodied saints live (2 Cor. 12:2). I refer to the Third Heaven as the “ present heaven .”
The fourth usage refers to the New Jerusalem or heaven on earth . It is the place of our heavenly rewards (Mt. 6:20; 19:21; Mk. 10:21; Lk. 12:21, 33; 18:22).
Because the great vision at the end of the Book of Revelation is a vision of ultimate beauty. The word ‘beauty’ doesn’t occur much in the Bible, but the celebration of creation all the way from Genesis, through the Psalms and prophets, on into the Gospels and here in Revelation, should alert us to the fact that, though the ancient Jewish people did not theorize about beauty as the Greeks did (that’s another story, and a fascinating one, though not for today), they knew a great deal about it, and poured their rich aesthetic sensibility not only into poetry but also into one building in particular:
the Temple in Jerusalem, whose legendary beauty inspired poets, musicians and dancers alike. And it is the Temple where YHWH’s glory is glimpsed, not as a retreat from the world but as a foretaste of what is promised for the whole world. And then, in the great vision of John, the Temple has disappeared, because the whole city has become a Temple; and the point of the city is, again, not that it is a place of retreat from a wicked world but that its new life is poured out into the whole world, to refresh it and heal it.