Nobel Prizes and IG Nobels


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Oral presentation done by students in the class "English for Chemistry" (Module II) in Servei de Llengües UAB Course 2010-2011

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Nobel Prizes and IG Nobels

  1. 1. IG and Nobel Prizes<br />Jorge Ali Torres<br />Elisabeth Ortega CarrascoManuel Angel Ortuño Maqueda<br />
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION<br />Analyze people and social trends <br /> !<br />Keyword: chemistry<br />
  3. 3. NP AND IG-NP<br />Honoring men and women from all corners of the globe for their achievements<br />Research that makes people laugh and then think<br />From 1991<br />From 1901<br />Stockholm (Sweden)<br />Harvard University (MA, USA)<br />Diploma and medal<br />Over USD 1 million **<br />Very awful prize…<br />** JEAN-PAUL SARTRE (France) declined NP of Literature in 1964<br />
  4. 4. NP ORIGIN<br />His last will<br />“The capital shall constitute a fund, the interest on which shall be annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind.”<br />“The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, [...] physics [...] chemical discovery [...] medicine [...] literature [...] and peace congresses.”  <br />
  5. 5. IG-NP ORIGIN<br />Make people laugh, then think<br />Spur people’s curiosity<br />How do you decide what's important and what's not, and what's real and what's not ?<br />"The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discoveries, is not 'Eureka!' but, 'That's funny..." —Isaac Asimov<br />
  6. 6. IG-NP NOMINATION<br />How to nominate someone <br />How the winners are chosen <br />Board of Governors:<br />scientists, writers, athletes+ random passerby<br />Pool> 5000 each year<br />refine<br />Top 10<br />NO<br />NO<br />Finalist exists?<br />True work?<br />Finalist accepts?<br />NO<br />YES<br />YES<br />YES<br />Congratulations!<br />
  7. 7. ALL NP STATS<br />Female<br />Organization<br />Male<br />
  8. 8. CHEM NP STATS<br />
  9. 9. CHEM NP STATS<br />NP <br />IG-NP <br />
  10. 10. First Nobel Prize<br />Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff in 1901<br />“in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure in solutions”<br />
  11. 11. Jacobus van’t Hoff<br />He made the most importants discoveries in theoretical chemistry since Dalton’s time.<br />He explained Osmotic Pressure according to Avogadro’s Law.<br /><ul><li>Because of that, he wasawardedwiththefirst Nobel Prize in Chemistry.</li></li></ul><li>Last Nobel Prize<br />Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichiNegishi, AkiraSuzuki in 2010<br />“for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis”<br />
  12. 12. Cross-coupling reactions:<br />Applications:<br /> <br />
  13. 13. A special case of Nobel Prize:the ammonia synthesis<br />Fritz Haber in 1918<br />"for the synthesis of ammonia from its elements".<br />
  14. 14. Fritz Haber<br />Why is to important this Nobel Prize?<br />Ammonia + land = more production = more food<br />= MORE POPULATION!<br />
  15. 15. Selected Nobel Prizes<br /><ul><li>Marie Sklodowska (1911): "in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element"
  16. 16. Linus Pauling (1954): "for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances“</li></li></ul><li>Selected Nobel Prizes<br />Walter Kohn, John Pople (1998):"for his development of the density-functional theory“ (Kohn)and "for his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry“ (Pople)<br />Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A. Steitz, Ada E. Yonath (2009):"for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"<br />
  17. 17. IG Nobel and Nobel Prizes: A Link<br />
  18. 18. The Curious Case ofAndre Geim<br /> “First make people laugh, and then make them think"<br />
  19. 19. Some Chemistry Selected Cases<br />2008, Chemistry<br /> To Sharee A. Umpierre of the University of Puerto Rico, Joseph A. Hill of The Fertility Centers of New England (USA), Deborah J. Anderson of Boston University School of Medicine and Harvard Medical School (USA), for discovering that Coca-Cola is an effective spermicide, and to Chuang-Ye Hong of Taipei Medical University (Taiwan), C.C. Shieh, P. Wu, and B.N. Chiang (all of Taiwan) for discovering that it is not.<br />2010, Chemistry<br /> Eric Adams of MIT, Scott Socolofsky of Texas A&M University, Stephen Masutani of the University of Hawaii, and BP [British Petroleum], for disproving the old belief that oil and water don’t mix.<br />
  20. 20. And, Spanish Local Cuisine…<br />
  21. 21. The Earth is Round!!!<br />Some years ago!!!<br />In the XV century!!!<br />
  22. 22. Why Randomly-Selected Politicians Would Improve Democracy<br />A small number of randomly selected legislators should make parliaments more effective!!!<br />Let me think about it…<br />…The research of the future?<br />
  23. 23. The other side of the coin<br />Sometimes people think that <br />Nobel prizes are actually <br />IG Nobel prizes!<br /><br />
  24. 24. The Ig Nobels: Honor or Ridicule?<br />Never be afraid to laugh at yourself, after all, you could be missing out on the joke of the century.<br />—Dame Edna Everage<br />