Tight Budgets & Election Politics Status of FY 2013 Budget and Education Legislation March 30, 2012
Welcome• Ellen Fern, Senior Vice President, Washington Partners, LLC• John Segota, Associate Executive Director for Public Policy & Professional Relations, TESOL International Association
Agenda• Department of Education• Congress – Congressional Leadership and Commi1ee Membership – Issues • Federal FY 2013 Budget – Process – Overview of Themes • Congressional Education Agenda – ESEA – WIA – Dream Act
Department of Education Leadership Oﬃce of the Undersecretary – Martha Kanter Oversees policies, programs and acDviDes related to vocaDonal and adult educaDon, postsecondary educaDon and college aid. – Oﬃce of VocaDonal and Adult EducaDon Dr. Brenda Dann-‐Messier, Assistant Secretary – Oﬃce of Community Colleges • Frank Chong Ed.D., Deputy Assistant Secretary – Division of Adult EducaDon and Literacy (DAEL) Cheryl Keenan, Director
Congress – Democratic Majority U.S. Senate Leadership• Majority Leader – Senator Harry Reid (D-NV) 51:47:2• Minority Leader – Senator Mitch McConnell (R-KY)• Appropriations Committee • Chairman – Senator Daniel Inouye (D-‐HI) • LHHS Subcommi1ee Chairman – Senator Tom Harkin (D-‐IA) • Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (HELP) Committee • Chairman – Senator Tom Harkin(D-‐IA) • Judiciary Committee • Chairman – Senator Pat Leahy (D-‐VT)
Congress – Republican Majority U.S. House Leadership Republican Majority – Speaker John Boehner (R-OH)242:190 (3 vacancies) Minority Leader – Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) Appropriations Committee Chairman - Rep. Hal Rogers (R-KY) LHHS Subcommittee Chairman – Rep. Denny Rehberg (R-MT) Education and Workforce Committee Chairman – Rep. John Kline (R-MN) Judiciary Committee Chairman – Rep. Lamar Smith (R-TX)
DC Environmental Assessment• Partisanship has impacted all debate and legislative schedule.• Unprecedented dysfunction in the legislative process.• Issue landscape changing rapidly – has evolved from stimulus, job creation, war in Afghanistan and ﬁnancial reform to huge emphasis on the deﬁcit and 2012 elections.• Super Committee failed. Sequestration to go into effect January 2, 2013.
Budget Process• Annual timeline – State of the Union – PresidenDal budget request release – Congressional budget resoluDon – Annual appropriaDons process – Floor debate – PresidenDal approval
President’s FY2013 Budget Proposal• An Economy Built to Last.• Overall budget requests $3.8 trillion in discretionary spending.• Adheres to the Budget Control Act spending limits, although it ignores sequestration.
President’s FY2013 Budget Proposal • Four Pillars: 1. EducaDon and Skills for the American Workforce 2. InnovaDon and Manufacturing 3. Clean Energy 4. Infrastructure
Education and Skills for the American Workforce• Department of Education (ED) requested $69.8 billion. – $1.7 billion or 2.5 percent increase from FY2012 – Largest increase in funding of any non-‐security agency
Education and Skills for the American Workforce • ED Proposal Has Five Core Areas: 1. Increasing College Aﬀordability and Quality 2. ElevaDng the Teaching Profession 3. Aligning Job Training and EducaDon Programs with Workforce Demands 4. ProtecDng Formula Programs for At-‐Risk PopulaDons 5. ConDnue on the Path of Reform and InnovaDon
Increasing College Affordability and Quality• $1 billion in Race to the Top for states toimprove postsecondary education.• $55 million First in the World Fund. (like i3grant program)• Development of College Scorecard andFinancial Aid Shopping Sheet.
Elevating the Teaching Profession• $5 billion in one-time funds for states and districts targeted at all aspects of the teacher profession.• 25 percent set-aside in Title II for Effective Teachers and Leaders state grant funds.
Aligning Job Training and Education with Workforce • $8 billion over three years in Community College to Career Fund. • $1 billion over three years to expand Career Academies.
Continue on the Path of Reform andInnovation• $850 million for Race to the Top (increase of $301 million from FY2012).• $150 million for i3 – new round.• $100 million for Promise Neighborhoods (increase of $40 million).
FY2013 Budget: Programs of Interest Department of Education FY2012 Final President’s FY2013 RequestEnglish Learner Education $732.1 $732.1(Title III)Assessing Achievement $389.2 $389.2Adult Basic and Literacy $595 $595EducationNational Leadership $11.3 $11.3Activities (Adult Ed)EL/Civics (Adult Ed) $74.7 $74.7
Overall Philosophy at ED• At the core, Race to the Top [and other competitive grants] are about spurring reform; especially at a time of tight budgets, when we need to make every dollar count . . . formula funds alone cannot drive the transformational reforms our system needs.” -‐ Secretary Arne Duncan
• Congress has eliminated funding for 49 programs from FY2010-FY2012. – Savings of $1.2 billion • President proposes 21 additional program eliminations and consolidations.
Budget Control Act• What is it? – Passed in August of 2011 – Allocated spending caps that will lower deﬁcit by $1.2 trillion over ten years – Spending caps—FY2013 = $1.047 trillion in discreDonary spending – FY2013—$536 billion security/$501 billion non security – Super commi1ee failure triggered sequestraDon – January 2013
Caps and Cuts• Sequestration triggers automatic cuts for each of the nine years FY13-21.• For FY2013 – ﬁxed percentage of across- the-board cuts projected at 9.1 percent (OMB key player in this process).• FY2014 to 2021 – No across-the-board cuts but the discretionary cap is lowered further.• Estimated at a $4 billion cut in FY2013 to ED programs.
End Game• Congress Decides – Budget resoluDon • House Budget Commi1ee Chairman Paul Ryan’s (R-‐WI) budget – Cuts $19 billion in discreDonary spending from BCA • Senate will sDck with BCA cap for FY2013 Everyone ignoring sequestration. Hearings going on now to prepare for appropriations process. A continuing resolution—or “CR” is the likely outcome until after the November elections.
Reauthorization of theElementary and Secondary Education Act
ESEA Reauthorization: Senate• Senate – Waivers prompted acDon – BiparDsan bill – Passed out of Commi1ee on biparDsan vote in October – Unlikely to be on the ﬂoor
Highlights of Senate Bill• Consensus bill – product of compromise and negotiation• Career and college readiness standards• Closing loophole on comparability• Providing incentives to improve teacher and principal quality• Focus on bottom 5% of low-performing schools
Differs from Current Law• Standards – Requires states demonstrate college and career ready standards and create assessments in reading, math and science. – NO requirement to join Common Core Standards IniDaDve. • Accountability – Same tesDng but eliminates AYP. – DisaggregaDon of data NO achievement targets
Differs from Current Law • Teachers – Let’s states decide how to evaluate teachers. – Requires states that receive TIF grants to crak evaluaDons based at least in part on student growth. • Low-performing schools – For bo1om 5% of schools choice of 8 intervenDons based on SIG regulaDons. – Bo1om 5% of high schools and elem/middle schools AND dropout factories.
Reaction from Administration• Appreciate effort but objects to elimination of mandatory teacher/ principal evaluation requirements.• Critical of lack of required performance targets for subgroups.
Reaction from Stakeholders• Support from Chiefs, administrators and teacher organizations • Lack of support from civil rights groups, disability groups and business community. – Lack of strong accountability measures. – Lack of performance targets for subgroups. – Too much lek up to States.
ESEA Reauthorization: House• House of Representatives – Last year • TerminaDon bill • Charter school expansion bill • Flexibility bill – This year • Student Success Act • Encouraging InnovaDon and EﬀecDve Teachers Act • Both approved February 28 on party line votes • Might make it to the ﬂoor
ESEA Overview of Proposed Changes• House bill merges Title III into subpart Title I.• Professional development for teachers of ELLs, is not maintained as a national priority.• House bill eliminates HQT requirements.• House bill requires SEA/LEAs to develop teacher evaluation systems; Senate only requires it for those applying for competitive grants.• House bill includes signiﬁcant expansion of funding ﬂexibility.
Reaction from Stakeholders• Support from Chiefs and administrators.• Lack of support from TESOL, civil rights groups, disability groups and business community. – Merging Title III into Title I – Lack of strong accountability measures. – Lack of performance targets for subgroups. – Too much lek up to States.
ED’s ESEA Agenda• “We can’t wait”• Waivers – States must adopt and have a plan to implement college and career-‐ready standards – States must create comprehensive systems of teacher and principal development, evaluaDon and support that include factors beyond test scores – States no longer have to meet 2014 targets but must set new performance targets for improving achievement and closing achievement gaps
Waivers• 11 states applied in the ﬁrst round – Approved in February – Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachuse1s, Minnesota, New Jersey, Oklahoma, and Tennessee….and, New Mexico • 26 states and DC applied in second round – Alabama, Alaska, California, Hawaii, Maine, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, Texas, West Virginia, and Wyoming siqng out • Third round of applications due September 6• http://www.ed.gov/esea/ﬂexibility/requests
Reauthorization of theWorkforce Investment Act
• Long overdue – hasn’t been reauthorized since 1998. – Title II – Adult Educa*on and Family Literacy Act . • Senate HELP Committee drafted bipartisan draft. – Never introduced. • House – Democrats introduced Workforce Investment Act of 2012 • Authorizes ELL/Civics Program • Increased investment in technology and digital literacy • Supports integrated adult ed and training
The Dream Act - Status • Rep. Howard Berman (D-CA) introduced in House – 80 cosponsors.• Sen. Richard Durbin (D-IL) introduced in Senate – 34 cosponsors. • President has expressed support for bill in past.• Election year politics.
Outlook• What will get done? – Will House Republicans introduce WIA bill? – ESEA or Waivers? – ElecDon results – Lame Duck
• http://www.slideshare.net• http://www.tesol.org/AdvocacyDay2012• 18-19 June 2012, Washington, DC