Be familiar with the technique required for the medication (e.g., heparin, insulin)
Parenteral Medication Administration (Cont’d)
When administering a drug via a parenteral routes, the drug would be absorbed fastest if given per the IM route.
Correct answer: B, false
Absorption refers to the “movement” of the drug from the site of administration into the blood stream. Therefore, the intravenous, parenteral route leads to “instant” absorption.
Avoiding Medication Errors
Arrive to work well rested and undistracted.
Use the six rights.
Calculate doses carefully; double-check with a second RN.
Watch for drugs with similar names.
Watch for clients with the same last names.
Avoiding Medication Errors (Cont’d)
Clarify unfamiliar drug names and dosages or illegible orders.
Know and use your resources.
Keep up with changes in medication orders.
What Should I Do If I Commit a Medication Error?
Immediately assess the patient’s vital signs and physical status.
Report findings to the primary care provider.
Notify the nurse manager of your unit and report the event surrounding the event. Check with your institution for agency-specific policy regarding incident reporting.
You have checked the medication record (MAR) for Margaret Marks (“Meet Your Patients,” in Volume 1) and prepared her next dose of antibiotic for intravenous administration. The MAR also indicates that she is receiving morphine for pain and that her last dose was given 1 hour ago. When you enter the room, you find her apparently sleeping. You are not able to awaken her to verify her identity. What do you suspect is happening, and how should you respond?