Chapter 24 The Vietnam War (1954–1975)
Section 1:  War Unfolds Section 2:  Fighting the War Section 3:  Political Divisions Section 4:  The End of the War Sectio...
 
Section One: The War Unfolds Pages 792-796
The War Unfolds <ul><li>What events led to the war between North Vietnam and South Vietnam? </li></ul><ul><li>What were th...
<ul><li>  South Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>North Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>  United States </li></ul>The Players in Vietnam
American Foreign Policy Rationale  <ul><li>Domino theory   if one Southeast Asian nation fell to communism, others  would...
French Indochina <ul><li>Historically, the French had controlled Vietnam and much of southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Dur...
<ul><li>Ho Chi Minh, a pro-Communist leader in Vietnam.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led a group called the  Vietminh  against F...
 
<ul><li>Dien Bien Phu   the Vietminh successfully defeated the French (1954). </li></ul><ul><li>Geneva Accords  divided V...
 
The Siege of  Dien Bien Phu <ul><li>Describe the images that you see. </li></ul><ul><li>How many French soldiers were left...
<ul><li>4.  Who is helping the French? </li></ul><ul><li>5.  Who is helping the Vietminh? </li></ul><ul><li>6.  What is th...
<ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh led  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North Vietnam. </li></ul></ul>Ngo Dinh Diem led  South Vietnam.
Truman and Ike’s Vietnam Policies
<ul><ul><li>Truman began providing economic aid to the French in Vietnam in 1950.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1960, Eis...
JFK’s Vietnam Policies
<ul><li>Diem’s Downfall </li></ul><ul><li>During the early 1960s, Ngo Dinh Diem’s policies lost him the support of his peo...
<ul><li>President Kennedy told South Vietnamese military leaders that the United States would not object to Diem’s overthr...
 
<ul><li>McNamara’s Role </li></ul><ul><li>Robert McNamara, President Kennedy’s Secretary of Defense,  </li></ul><ul><li>In...
<ul><li>McNamara used his strong business background to cut costs while modernizing the armed forces. </li></ul><ul><li>In...
LBJ’s Vietnam Policies
<ul><li>Shortly after Diem’s assassination in November 1963, President Kennedy was assassinated, and Vice President Johnso...
<ul><li>In South Vietnam, the military leaders who had taken over the government were unsuccessful and unpopular.  </li></...
<ul><li>The  Viet Cong’s  political wing was known as the  National Liberation Front . </li></ul>
Expanding Presidential Power The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution <ul><li>In August 1964, Johnson announced that North Vietnamese...
<ul><li>Under the resolution, the President had authority to “take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack agains...
Map of Vietnam   Old Text 620 New Text 802
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Vietnam War [Section One]

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Vietnam War [Section One]

  1. 1. Chapter 24 The Vietnam War (1954–1975)
  2. 2. Section 1: War Unfolds Section 2: Fighting the War Section 3: Political Divisions Section 4: The End of the War Section 5: The Counterculture
  3. 4. Section One: The War Unfolds Pages 792-796
  4. 5. The War Unfolds <ul><li>What events led to the war between North Vietnam and South Vietnam? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the Vietnam policies of President Kennedy and Robert McNamara? </li></ul><ul><li>How did President Johnson change the course of the war? </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li> South Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>North Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li> United States </li></ul>The Players in Vietnam
  6. 7. American Foreign Policy Rationale <ul><li>Domino theory  if one Southeast Asian nation fell to communism, others would soon follow. </li></ul>
  7. 8. French Indochina <ul><li>Historically, the French had controlled Vietnam and much of southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>During WWII, the French lost Vietnam and after the war they wanted to regain their lost colony. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Ho Chi Minh, a pro-Communist leader in Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led a group called the Vietminh against French control of his nation before, during, and after World War II. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Dien Bien Phu  the Vietminh successfully defeated the French (1954). </li></ul><ul><li>Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into Communist North Vietnam and anti-Communist South Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>The country would be divided at the 17 th parallel. </li></ul>
  10. 13. The Siege of Dien Bien Phu <ul><li>Describe the images that you see. </li></ul><ul><li>How many French soldiers were left at the end of the battle? </li></ul><ul><li>How many soldiers did the Vietminh lose? </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>4. Who is helping the French? </li></ul><ul><li>5. Who is helping the Vietminh? </li></ul><ul><li>6. What is the “prize”? </li></ul><ul><li>7. What did the French commander order his men to do? </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><ul><li>Ho Chi Minh led </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North Vietnam. </li></ul></ul>Ngo Dinh Diem led South Vietnam.
  13. 16. Truman and Ike’s Vietnam Policies
  14. 17. <ul><ul><li>Truman began providing economic aid to the French in Vietnam in 1950. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1960, Eisenhower sent hundreds of military advisors to help South Vietnam’s struggle against the North. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 18. JFK’s Vietnam Policies
  16. 19. <ul><li>Diem’s Downfall </li></ul><ul><li>During the early 1960s, Ngo Dinh Diem’s policies lost him the support of his people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diem was a Catholic controlling a Buddhist nation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political corruption. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political favors for families </li></ul></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>President Kennedy told South Vietnamese military leaders that the United States would not object to Diem’s overthrow. </li></ul><ul><li>In November 1963, military leaders seized control of South Vietnam and assassinated Diem. </li></ul><ul><li>United States was upset over the assassination of Diem. </li></ul>
  18. 22. <ul><li>McNamara’s Role </li></ul><ul><li>Robert McNamara, President Kennedy’s Secretary of Defense, </li></ul><ul><li>Influential in shaping American policy toward Vietnam (chief architect). </li></ul>
  19. 23. <ul><li>McNamara used his strong business background to cut costs while modernizing the armed forces. </li></ul><ul><li>In the coming years, McNamara would push for direct American involvement in Vietnam. </li></ul>
  20. 24. LBJ’s Vietnam Policies
  21. 25. <ul><li>Shortly after Diem’s assassination in November 1963, President Kennedy was assassinated, and Vice President Johnson assumed the presidency. </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>In South Vietnam, the military leaders who had taken over the government were unsuccessful and unpopular. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, Communist guerrillas in South Vietnam, known as the Viet Cong , made gains in both territory and loyalty. </li></ul>
  23. 27. <ul><li>The Viet Cong’s political wing was known as the National Liberation Front . </li></ul>
  24. 28. Expanding Presidential Power The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution <ul><li>In August 1964, Johnson announced that North Vietnamese torpedo boats had attacked American destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin. </li></ul><ul><li>Gulf of Tonkin Resolution  Gave Johnson authority to send troops to Vietnam. </li></ul>
  25. 29. <ul><li>Under the resolution, the President had authority to “take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.” </li></ul>
  26. 30. Map of Vietnam Old Text 620 New Text 802

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