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Vietnam War [Section One]

Vietnam War [Section One]






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    Vietnam War [Section One] Vietnam War [Section One] Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 24 The Vietnam War (1954–1975)
    • Section 1: War Unfolds Section 2: Fighting the War Section 3: Political Divisions Section 4: The End of the War Section 5: The Counterculture
    • Section One: The War Unfolds Pages 792-796
    • The War Unfolds
      • What events led to the war between North Vietnam and South Vietnam?
      • What were the Vietnam policies of President Kennedy and Robert McNamara?
      • How did President Johnson change the course of the war?
      • South Vietnam
      • North Vietnam
      • United States
      The Players in Vietnam
    • American Foreign Policy Rationale
      • Domino theory  if one Southeast Asian nation fell to communism, others would soon follow.
    • French Indochina
      • Historically, the French had controlled Vietnam and much of southeast Asia.
      • During WWII, the French lost Vietnam and after the war they wanted to regain their lost colony.
      • Ho Chi Minh, a pro-Communist leader in Vietnam.
        • Led a group called the Vietminh against French control of his nation before, during, and after World War II.
      • Dien Bien Phu  the Vietminh successfully defeated the French (1954).
      • Geneva Accords divided Vietnam into Communist North Vietnam and anti-Communist South Vietnam.
      • The country would be divided at the 17 th parallel.
    • The Siege of Dien Bien Phu
      • Describe the images that you see.
      • How many French soldiers were left at the end of the battle?
      • How many soldiers did the Vietminh lose?
      • 4. Who is helping the French?
      • 5. Who is helping the Vietminh?
      • 6. What is the “prize”?
      • 7. What did the French commander order his men to do?
        • Ho Chi Minh led
        • North Vietnam.
      Ngo Dinh Diem led South Vietnam.
    • Truman and Ike’s Vietnam Policies
        • Truman began providing economic aid to the French in Vietnam in 1950.
        • In 1960, Eisenhower sent hundreds of military advisors to help South Vietnam’s struggle against the North.
    • JFK’s Vietnam Policies
      • Diem’s Downfall
      • During the early 1960s, Ngo Dinh Diem’s policies lost him the support of his people.
        • Diem was a Catholic controlling a Buddhist nation.
        • Political corruption.
        • Political favors for families
      • President Kennedy told South Vietnamese military leaders that the United States would not object to Diem’s overthrow.
      • In November 1963, military leaders seized control of South Vietnam and assassinated Diem.
      • United States was upset over the assassination of Diem.
      • McNamara’s Role
      • Robert McNamara, President Kennedy’s Secretary of Defense,
      • Influential in shaping American policy toward Vietnam (chief architect).
      • McNamara used his strong business background to cut costs while modernizing the armed forces.
      • In the coming years, McNamara would push for direct American involvement in Vietnam.
    • LBJ’s Vietnam Policies
      • Shortly after Diem’s assassination in November 1963, President Kennedy was assassinated, and Vice President Johnson assumed the presidency.
      • In South Vietnam, the military leaders who had taken over the government were unsuccessful and unpopular.
      • As a result, Communist guerrillas in South Vietnam, known as the Viet Cong , made gains in both territory and loyalty.
      • The Viet Cong’s political wing was known as the National Liberation Front .
    • Expanding Presidential Power The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
      • In August 1964, Johnson announced that North Vietnamese torpedo boats had attacked American destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
      • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution  Gave Johnson authority to send troops to Vietnam.
      • Under the resolution, the President had authority to “take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.”
    • Map of Vietnam Old Text 620 New Text 802