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Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
Immigration
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Immigration

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Pictures of an immigrant's journey from Ireland to the coal mines of NEPA

Pictures of an immigrant's journey from Ireland to the coal mines of NEPA

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  • 1. Write one (1) paragraph… 21 April 2008
    • What ethnicity are you? Did any recent family members or friends “come off the boat”? Explain.
  • 2. Write one (1) paragraph… 21 April 2008
    • Do you think it would be a good idea for the government to have a central location for immigrants coming into the United States? Explain.
  • 3. Write one (1) paragraph… 22 April 2008
    • Take a worksheet:
          • Read.
          • Do you think it was a good idea for the immigration officials to have these tests? Explain.
  • 4. Immigration Unit Six:
  • 5. Unit Six Objectives
    • Identify factors that influenced individuals to come to the United States.
    • Explain the efforts that were made to control immigration and personal behavior in the late 1800s.
  • 6. Immigration to the United States, 1901–1920
  • 7.  
  • 8. Immigrant Experience
    • Reasons to come to US…
      • Push factors – why leave homeland?
        • Crop failure
        • Shortages of land
        • Shortages of jobs
        • Increased taxes
        • Starvation
        • Religious and political persecution
  • 9.
      • Pull factors – why the US?
        • Land
        • Jobs
        • Rags to riches
        • Freedom to worship
        • Right to vote
        • Family, friends experiences
  • 10. Hopes & Dreams
    • 1860 – US population
      • 31.5 million
    • 1865 – 1920 population increase
      • 30 million more
    • Dreams
      • Get rich quick
      • Free land
      • Personal freedom
      • Education
      • Didn’t have to serve in army (conscription)
      • Right to take part in democratic gov’t
  • 11. Crossing the Ocean
    • By 1900…
      • Crossing ocean in 1 week
    • Traveled by…steerage
    • Problems…
      • Limited toilets
      • Limited privacy
      • Poor food
    • Benefits…
      • Quicker
      • Cheap
    • Treatment on ship depend on what country you were emigrating from
  • 12. Steerage
  • 13. In America
    • 1/3 or 30% of immigrants were “birds of passage”…
      • Young, single men
    • Between 1865-1890:
      • 10 million
      • North, West and Central Europe
    • Between 1890-1920:
      • Another 10 million
      • South and Eastern Europe as well as Asia
  • 14.
    • 1891 – Office of Superintendent to Immigration…
      • Created to determine fit or unfit
    • 70% came through “Golden Door”…
      • NYC
  • 15. Immigrants from Europe
    • In 1892, reception center opened in NY…
      • Ellis Island
    • The Statue of Liberty served as a symbol…
      • Given as a gift from France, “Liberty Enlightening the World”
      • Symbol of safety, opportunity and refuge
  • 16.  
  • 17. Newly landed European immigrant families on the dock at Ellis Island in New York harbor, 1900. Originally a black and white photograph, this image was later color tinted for reproduction as a postcard or book illustration. SOURCE:The Granger Collection,New York.
  • 18. Ellis Island
  • 19. Statue of Liberty Reading
  • 20.  
  • 21. Process for entering the US
    • 1892 – Fed. Gov’t required physical exam
      • Contagious – if found to have a contagious disease (trachoma)
        • Quarantined – kept separate
        • Deported – sent back
    • Brought papers to gov’t officials
    • Left to find family/friends
  • 22. Where Immigrants Settled
    • Major cities…
      • NYC
      • Buffalo
      • Boston
      • Cleveland
      • Detroit
      • Milwaukee
        • Only 2% went South
  • 23.
    • Some areas of settlement became ghettos…
      • One racial group dominant
      • Reasons for settling there?
        • Comfort, language, religion
        • Often resulted in isolation or
    • Restrictive covenants…
      • Areas where homeowner would only sell to certain ethnicity
  • 24. Immigrants from Asia
    • Two areas mainly from…
            • China
            • Japan
    • Typical problems…
      • Targets of suspicion
      • Targets of hostility due to being “very” different
  • 25. Chinese
    • Settlement…
      • Mid-1800’s came to…
        • Work RR
          • 250,000 of which 12,000 worked for Central Pacific until 1869
    • Like indentured servitude…
      • Had to work until paid off cost of coming to US, as well as expenses, eating and sleeping arrangements, etc.
  • 26.
    • Typical Jobs:
      • Food prep
      • Mine
      • Farm
      • Fish
      • Factory work
      • Laundry
  • 27.
    • Ways they experienced discrimination…
      • Racism due to differences in dress, food, tradition
    • Gov’t reaction to racism…
      • 1882 – Chinese Exclusion Act
        • Answering Union’s issues regarding competition
        • Stopped all immigration to US for work UNLESS they already lived here or were with family already here
  • 28.  
  • 29. View of Chinese Immigrants Reading

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