The International Student’s Career Search in the U.S.         Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
Agenda•Introduction•Employment Options•Three Part Job Search   •Discussion on U.S. Companies   •The Preparation   •Perform...
Introduction□ The benefits of hiring an international  student  □ Cultural Dimensions  □ Language Skills  □ Unique Skill s...
Introduction□ Things to do this year while on campus□ Word of caution about extracurricular  activities□ Checklist        ...
Employment Options□ Practical Training on an F-1  □ CPT and OPT  □ Application procedures□ H1-B Visa  Meet with Tess Casle...
Effective Job Search1. Discussion on US Companies2. Preparation3. Performing the Search           Graduate Career Services...
Effective Job Search□ U.S. Companies  □ Why they may not hire (read through    book)               Graduate Career Service...
Effective Job Search□ U.S. Companies  □ What to watch out for    □ Financial Strength and stability    □ Employers retenti...
Effective Job Search□ U.S. Companies  □ Career Path Opportunities  □ Employer size    □ Stability    □ Knowledge of sponso...
Effective Job Search□ U.S. Companies  □ Companies likely to sponsor a visa    □ Large companies that do business in your  ...
Effective Job Search Part II: Your           Preparation            Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
Effective Job Search – Part II□ An effective job search in the U.S.  includes:  □ Identifying the skills that you possess ...
Effective Job Search – Part II□ An effective job search in the U.S.  includes:  □ Connecting skills you possess with    qu...
Effective Job Search – Part II□ Make some decisions before you  begin your job search  □ Are you going to look in the U.S....
Effective Job Search – Part II□ Factors in securing employment:  □ Start your job search early  □ Learn American professio...
Effective Job Search – Part II□ Factors in securing employment:  □ Obtain relevant experiences  □ Participate in professio...
Effective Job Search – Part III    Performing the Search          Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
Effective Job Search – Part III□    Most effective ways in finding jobs1.   Networking/Personal Contacts2.   Referrals fro...
Effective Job Search – Part III□ Most effective ways in finding   employees1. Networking/Personal Contacts2. Employee Refe...
NetworkingNetworking – Both applicants and employers can and do rely on  this method. About 85% of jobs are obtained this ...
Create your own opportunity□ Cold calling (careful of being pushy)  □ Ask for an informational interview□ Considering part...
Effective Job Search – Part III□ Good options for international students  □ Consider small and large companies for    pote...
Effective Job Search□ In a job search…  □ How do I find companies that are willing    to hire international students?  □ W...
Effective Job Search□ In a job search…  □ Should I list my visa status on my resume or    cover letter?                 Gr...
ResumesGraduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
Resumes□ Introduce employers to foreign  companies and schools by providing a  frame of reference. For example:  □ A ten m...
Resumes□ Emphasize strong English skills on the resume (i.e.  responsible for translating English and another  language)□ ...
Resumes□ The Education Section of Your Resume  □ List the degree you were awarded along with the location    of the school...
Interviewing  Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
Interviewing□ Interviewing tips  □ Study commonly asked interview questions  □ Speak confidently about yourself and your  ...
Review of Information booklet         Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
In closing…□ Job Searching takes time, patience  and perseverance□ Stay committed to your goals□ Ask questions□ Meet with ...
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International Students and Career Search

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This is a workshop I did to support international graduate students in preparing for their U.S. job search, and understanding some key differences.

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International Students and Career Search

  1. 1. The International Student’s Career Search in the U.S. Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  2. 2. Agenda•Introduction•Employment Options•Three Part Job Search •Discussion on U.S. Companies •The Preparation •Performing the Job Search•Resumes•Interviews•Discussion on the booklet•Questions and moving forward Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  3. 3. Introduction□ The benefits of hiring an international student □ Cultural Dimensions □ Language Skills □ Unique Skill sets □ Skills developed can be an asset in the job search Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  4. 4. Introduction□ Things to do this year while on campus□ Word of caution about extracurricular activities□ Checklist Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  5. 5. Employment Options□ Practical Training on an F-1 □ CPT and OPT □ Application procedures□ H1-B Visa Meet with Tess Casler in the International Student and Scholars office for application and procedures of applying for any practical training or visa related issues. Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  6. 6. Effective Job Search1. Discussion on US Companies2. Preparation3. Performing the Search Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  7. 7. Effective Job Search□ U.S. Companies □ Why they may not hire (read through book) Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  8. 8. Effective Job Search□ U.S. Companies □ What to watch out for □ Financial Strength and stability □ Employers retention history (layoffs) □ Companies with legal issues □ Can you work for these companies? □ What is the workplace culture like? □ Company’s integrity □ Do current employees like it there? Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  9. 9. Effective Job Search□ U.S. Companies □ Career Path Opportunities □ Employer size □ Stability □ Knowledge of sponsorship practices Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  10. 10. Effective Job Search□ U.S. Companies □ Companies likely to sponsor a visa □ Large companies that do business in your home country as well as the U.S. □ Expanding companies □ Possession of a unique or specialized skill □ Those that have in the past □ Companies not likely to sponsor a visa Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  11. 11. Effective Job Search Part II: Your Preparation Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  12. 12. Effective Job Search – Part II□ An effective job search in the U.S. includes: □ Identifying the skills that you possess □ Understanding what you want for yourself (employer qualities, positions, work environment) □ Researching the qualifications that employers want in a new employee Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  13. 13. Effective Job Search – Part II□ An effective job search in the U.S. includes: □ Connecting skills you possess with qualifications employers seek □ Evaluating what legal options are available □ Using a variety of methods to obtain employment (discussed in part III) Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  14. 14. Effective Job Search – Part II□ Make some decisions before you begin your job search □ Are you going to look in the U.S., your home country and/or internationally? □ What kind of work are you interested in? □ Do you plan to live in the U.S. temporarily, permanently or indefinitely? □ Is your main intention to make money? Gain experience? Make contacts? Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  15. 15. Effective Job Search – Part II□ Factors in securing employment: □ Start your job search early □ Learn American professional etiquette and job search processes □ Demonstrate excellent English skills (written and verbal) □ Promote yourself effectively (see workbook on “Creating an Individual Marketing Plan” Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  16. 16. Effective Job Search – Part II□ Factors in securing employment: □ Obtain relevant experiences □ Participate in professional organizations, campus organizations and activities □ Maintain a commitment to the job search process (stay motivated and positive) Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  17. 17. Effective Job Search – Part III Performing the Search Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  18. 18. Effective Job Search – Part III□ Most effective ways in finding jobs1. Networking/Personal Contacts2. Referrals from employees3. Headhunters4. Internet Job Postings5. Temp-to-hire positions (especially internships) Source: surveys conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) and the Wall St. Journal Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  19. 19. Effective Job Search – Part III□ Most effective ways in finding employees1. Networking/Personal Contacts2. Employee Referrals3. Internet Job Postings4. Headhunters5. Newspaper/generic advertising Source: surveys conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) and the Wall St. Journal Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  20. 20. NetworkingNetworking – Both applicants and employers can and do rely on this method. About 85% of jobs are obtained this way, so don’t be shy about asking for information and referrals! •Family •Friends •Friends of Friends •Former Employers •Your Professors •Alumni •Professional Networking •Etc. Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  21. 21. Create your own opportunity□ Cold calling (careful of being pushy) □ Ask for an informational interview□ Considering part-time work, internships, temporary jobs, or volunteering□ Proposing the development of a new position you can fill Move away from the name of your major to what skills you’ve attained and can offer Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  22. 22. Effective Job Search – Part III□ Good options for international students □ Consider small and large companies for potential employment – do not limit your job opportunities □ Call your nearest country’s consulate or embassy to inquire about a list of your home country’s firms which do business in the U.S. and vice versa. Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  23. 23. Effective Job Search□ In a job search… □ How do I find companies that are willing to hire international students? □ What do I do when I know a company has hired international students in the past, but now indicates they no longer do so? □ If a company says they won’t hire international students, should I still apply? Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  24. 24. Effective Job Search□ In a job search… □ Should I list my visa status on my resume or cover letter? Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  25. 25. ResumesGraduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  26. 26. Resumes□ Introduce employers to foreign companies and schools by providing a frame of reference. For example: □ A ten million dollar marketing firm □ One of the top five universities in China □ Second largest technology manufacturer in Europe □ Nigerian version of McDonalds Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  27. 27. Resumes□ Emphasize strong English skills on the resume (i.e. responsible for translating English and another language)□ Ensure writing skills are up to American standards – take courses that include writing□ Make sure resumes are free from grammatical and spelling errors as well as awkward use of language□ Do no include personal information such as age, marital status, race, or religion□ Avoid listing international contact information□ Visit the campus writing center, career center□ Continuously critique your resume! Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  28. 28. Resumes□ The Education Section of Your Resume □ List the degree you were awarded along with the location of the school and the date the program was completed. □ Do not include Test Of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) scores. Instead, list: □ how many years you have studied in English how many years you have studied English, or how many years you have spoken English □ Do not try to "translate" your educational experiences for employers. Simply list those experiences and include your most recent experience; for example, acceptance at Purdue. Being accepted by an American university such as Clarkson will signal to employers that you have qualifying educational experience. Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  29. 29. Interviewing Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  30. 30. Interviewing□ Interviewing tips □ Study commonly asked interview questions □ Speak confidently about yourself and your success. Be assertive, not aggressive □ Have examples of strengths, accomplishments and skills handy □ Thank you notes are a nice follow up method □ Make sure you have a sense for appropriate dress □ Schedule two or more Mock Interviews first before first “real” one □ Refer to handouts from interviewing workshop as well as the packet for this workshop Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  31. 31. Review of Information booklet Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
  32. 32. In closing…□ Job Searching takes time, patience and perseverance□ Stay committed to your goals□ Ask questions□ Meet with Josh, Career Center staff, and others for critiques and advice□ Meet with Tess Casler in the ISSO office regarding your Practical trainings in the spring Graduate Career Services Fall Workshop Series
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