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Open Annotation Collaboration phase II                                              DLF Forum 2012 – 4-5 November 2012, De...
Project Context•    Started as a collaborative digitization project partnering:     •       University of Illinois at Urba...
Emblematica Corpus                                 Motto                  Emblem Books:                                   ...
Emblem Scholar Annotation Use Cases•     Generally for note-taking and sharing•     But also examples of more sophisticate...
Example 1:Comparison of Emblems and/or Emblem Elements               Pope holding a mitre over a       Pope blessing a sup...
Example 1:             Annotation of composite set of targetsDLF Forum 2012 –                      Open Annotation Collabo...
Example 1:                                              Expressed as triples in turtle<http://myUniversity.edu/myWeb/Anno4...
Example 1:Important issues – URIs for annotation targets•   One best practices issue is how best to select the URIs of the...
Example 2:     Annotation of an Emblem within a ContextDLF Forum 2012 –                     Open Annotation Collaboration4...
Example 2:                 Preservation of contextual elementsDLF Forum 2012 –                       Open Annotation Colla...
Example 2:                                    Expressed as triples in turtle<http://myUniversity.edu/myWeb/Anno4.1.7> a oa...
Example 2:    Important issues – preservation of annotation scope•    Preserving the scope of an annotation is important f...
Example 3:                                Supporting scholarly discourse                            The upper pictura     ...
Example 3:                                              Layering annotations                                Annotation by ...
Example 3:                Scholar 1’s annotation expressed as triples in turtle<http://myUniversity.edu/myWeb/Anno4.4.4> a...
Example 3:                                     Layering Annotations Annotation by Scholar 2DLF Forum 2012 –               ...
Example 3:             Scholar 2’s annotation expressed as triples in turtle<http://myUniversity.edu/myWeb/Anno4.4.5> a oa...
Example 3:    Important issues – Separation of body and annotation•     Why have separate identities for annotation and an...
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Emblematica overview dlf

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Slideset presented at DLF Forum 2012 detailing how the Open Annotation data model applies to Digital Emblematica annotation use cases.

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Transcript of "Emblematica overview dlf"

  1. 1. Open Annotation Collaboration phase II DLF Forum 2012 – 4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO Annotation of Digital Emblematica Jacob Jett (jjett2@illinois.edu) University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign http://www.OpenAnnotation.orgCIRSS Center for Informatics Research in Science and Scholarship Graduate School of Library and Information Science University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  2. 2. Project Context• Started as a collaborative digitization project partnering: • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaig and • Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel.• Resulted in the creation of the Emblematica Online Virtual Collection.• Provides emblem scholars access to about 700 digitized emblem books and over 18,000 fully described emblems.• Desire by emblem scholars for web-based, dynamic methods of interacting with the emblems is driving the development of digital tools, including digital annotation tools.DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 2 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  3. 3. Emblematica Corpus Motto Emblem Books: An Early Modern literary genre Pictura using text & images Subscriptio Peter Isselburg, Emblemata Politica, 1617DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 3 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  4. 4. Emblem Scholar Annotation Use Cases• Generally for note-taking and sharing• But also examples of more sophisticated annotation & discourse needs.• Three key examples of sophisticated annotations: • Comparison of emblems and/or emblem elements (visual juxtaposition of digital resources) – Annotation of a composite set of targets, • Annotation of emblem or emblem elements within their context – Preservation of annotation contextual elements and • Annotations supporting scholarly discourse – Layering of annotations.DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 4 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  5. 5. Example 1:Comparison of Emblems and/or Emblem Elements Pope holding a mitre over a Pope blessing a suppliant suppliant (Valvasor) (Sporck)DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 5 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  6. 6. Example 1: Annotation of composite set of targetsDLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 6 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  7. 7. Example 1: Expressed as triples in turtle<http://myUniversity.edu/myWeb/Anno4.3.1> a < urn:uuid:f48c0020> a oa:SpecificResource ;oa:Annotation ; oa:hasSource oa:hasBody <urn:uuid:45620d10> ; <http://hdl.handle.net/10111/EmblemRegistry:E010066> ; oa:hasTarget <urn:uuid:0938rjf1> . oa:hasSelector < urn:uuid:75e455f0> ; oa:hasState <urn:uuid:d1774afa> .<urn:uuid:0938rjf1> a oa:Set ; oa:item <urn:uuid:54c2a25d> ; < urn:uuid:75e455f0> a oa:FragmentSelector; oa:item <urn:uuid:f48c0020> . rdf:value "xywh=pixel: 1452,508,588,404" .<urn:uuid:45620d10> a cnt:ContentAsText ; < urn:uuid:d1774afa> a oax:HttpRequestState; cnt:chars "These picturae depict the Pope fulfilling rdf:value “Accept: image/jpeg" .different roles...." ; cnt:characterEncoding "utf-8" .<urn:uuid:54c2a25d> a oa:SpecificResource ; oa:hasSource<http://hdl.handle.net/10111/EmblemRegistry:E010287>; oa:hasSelector <urn:uuid:0a964cff> ; oa:hasState <urn:uuid:d1774afa> .<urn:uuid:0a964cff> a oa:FragmentSelector; rdf:value "xywh=pixel: 1044,2852,468,280" .DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 7 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  8. 8. Example 1:Important issues – URIs for annotation targets• One best practices issue is how best to select the URIs of the targets of an annotation. – Can use urls, such as those provided by services like djatoka, e.g., http://djatoka.grainger.illinois.edu/adore-djatoka/resolver?url_ver=Z39.88- 2004&rft_id=http://emblemimages.grainger.illinois.edu/theatrummortishu00valv/J P2processed/theatrummortishu00valv_0032-0033.jp2&svc_id=info:lanl- repo/svc/getRegion&svc_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:jpeg2000&svc.format=imag e/jpeg&svc.level=5&svc.rotate=0&svc.region=576,2472,1560,1320, – Can use media fragment identifiers (but this W3C standard doesn’t seem to be well supported) or – Can use a source uri plus a selector (as shown in the example)• But, which of these actually help to co-locate annotations of the emblems? – Preliminary consensus is that separating the selector (i.e. the fragment) from the source URI is the best approach in most cases.DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 8 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  9. 9. Example 2: Annotation of an Emblem within a ContextDLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 9 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  10. 10. Example 2: Preservation of contextual elementsDLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 10 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  11. 11. Example 2: Expressed as triples in turtle<http://myUniversity.edu/myWeb/Anno4.1.7> a oa:Annotation ; oa:hasBody <urn:uuid:3984hf0> ; oa:hasTarget <urn:uuid:0938nrg9> .<urn:uuid:3984hf0> a cnt:ContentAsText ; cnt:characterEncoding "utf-8" ; cnt:chars "This example of Otto van Veens work..." .<urn:uuid:0938nrg9> a oa:SpecificResource ; oa:hasSource<http://emblemimages.grainger.illinois.edu/ladoctrinedesmoe00veen/JP2Processed/ladoctrinedesmoe00veen_0050-0051.jp2> ; oa:hasState <urn:uuid9538tj00> ; oa:hasSelector <urn:uuid8745tj04> ; oax:hasScope <http://libsysdigi.library.uiuc.edu/OCA/Books2010-01/ladoctrinedesmoe00veen/ladoctrinedesmoe00veen.pdf> .<urn:uuid:9538tj00> a oax:HttpRequestState ; rdf:value “Accept: image/jpeg" .<urn:uuid:8745tj04> a oa:FragmentSelector ; rdf:value "xywh=pixel: 360,2552,2208,1712" .DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 11 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  12. 12. Example 2: Important issues – preservation of annotation scope• Preserving the scope of an annotation is important for several reasons: • Allows annotations to be associated with larger bodies of resources (e.g., an annotated emblem is one of many in a book of emblems), • Allows annotations to be collocated in multiple ways (e.g., can search for annotations by specific book rather than just specific emblem), • Preserves the meaning of annotations that are context sensitive; for example, a symbol may have a different meaning depending on the textual elements of an emblem.DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 12 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  13. 13. Example 3: Supporting scholarly discourse The upper pictura influenced the lower pictura. I don’t agree. Both picturae were prob- ably influenced by a common antecedent.DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 13 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  14. 14. Example 3: Layering annotations Annotation by Scholar 1DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 14 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  15. 15. Example 3: Scholar 1’s annotation expressed as triples in turtle<http://myUniversity.edu/myWeb/Anno4.4.4> a oa:Annotation ; oa:hasBody <urn:uuid:38745g75> ; <urn:uuid:362842er6y6> a oa:FragmentSelector ; oa:hasTarget <urn:uuid:09875t002 . rdf:value “xywh=pixel: 345,465,582,391” .<urn:uuid:38745g75> a cnt:ContentAsText ; <urn:uuid:79313c8ds9> a oa:FragmentSelector ; cnt:chars "The upper pictura..." ; rdf:value "xywh=pixel: 624,0,1452,1988" . cnt:characterEncoding "utf-8" .<urn:uuid:09875t002> a oa:Set ; oa:item <urn:uuid:64awrtg683> ; oa:item <urn:uuid:6981616wb6> .<urn:uuid:64awrtg6843> a oa:SpecificResource ; oa:hasSource<http://www.emblems.arts.gla.ac.uk/french/facsimile.php?id=sm535-p08> ; oa:hasState <urn:uuid:3614849dd> ; oa:hasSelector <urn:uuid:362842er6y6> .<urn:uuid:6981616wb6> a oa:SpecificResource ; oa:hasSource<http://hdl.handle.net/10111/EmblemRegistry:E000977> ; oa:hasState <urn:uuid:3614849dd> ; oa:hasSelector <urn:uuid:79313c8ds9> .<urn:uuid:3614849dd> a oax:HttpRequestState ; rdf:value “Accept: image/jpeg" .DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 15 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  16. 16. Example 3: Layering Annotations Annotation by Scholar 2DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 16 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  17. 17. Example 3: Scholar 2’s annotation expressed as triples in turtle<http://myUniversity.edu/myWeb/Anno4.4.5> a oa:Annotation ; oa:hasBody <urn:uuid:34589s22> ; oa:hasTarget <urn:uuid3645sdzgb6> .<urn:uuid:34589s22> a cnt:ContentAsText ; cnt:characterEncoding "utf-8" ; cnt:chars: "I dont agree Both..." .<urn:uuid:3645sdzgb6> a oa:Set ; oa:item <urn:uuid:46948dr3> ; oa:item <http://myUniversity.edu/myWeb/Anno4.4.4> .<urn:uuid:46948dr3> a oa:SpecificResource ; oa:hasSource <http://archive.org/stream/aesopiphrygisfab00offi#page/240/mode/2up> ; oa:hasSelector <urn:uuid:676474erg6e> .<urn:uuid:676474erg6e> a oa:FragmentSelector ; rdf:value "xywh=pixel: 1250,422,678,431" .<http://myUniversity.edu/myWeb/Anno4.4.4> a oa:Annotation ;… [See Slide 13]DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 17 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  18. 18. Example 3: Important issues – Separation of body and annotation• Why have separate identities for annotation and annotation content? • Allows for preserving the identity of the relationship of the annotation body to the annotation target. • Makes the relationship into a distinct web resource with its own set of properties.• Annotation data modeling issues are not black and white. There are frequently multiple ways to model an annotation.• Emblem scholars are sensitive to target granularity but less so to body granularity (e.g., they have a strong desire to annotate something specific but the annotation content frequently conflates multiple motivations and types)• How will these nuances be leveraged?DLF Forum 2012 – Open Annotation Collaboration4-5 November 2012, Denver, CO 18 http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
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