The Chief Executive


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The Chief Executive

  1. 2. <ul><li>There are a number of different roles to fill </li></ul><ul><li>The President must fill all roles concurrently </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All at the same time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are eight major roles </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>The first six of the President’s roles come directly from the Constitution </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Ceremonial head of the government </li></ul><ul><li>Symbol of all of the people </li></ul><ul><li>Most chiefs of state do not reign and rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen of England, Emperor of Japan, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. President does both </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>The President has, “the executive power of the United States” </li></ul><ul><li>The most powerful office in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Uses his position to push through his plan to make America better and leave a legacy </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Boss for everyone in the federal bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 3 million people </li></ul><ul><li>$1.6 trillion budget </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>The architect of foreign policy </li></ul><ul><li>Making and breaking of treaties </li></ul><ul><li>The nation’s chief spokesperson </li></ul><ul><li>His words are carefully followed in other countries </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Leader of the armed forces </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately two million people and a massive arsenal of weapons are at the President’s command </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Main architect of public policies </li></ul><ul><li>Sets the overall agenda for Congress </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>The following roles are jobs that are not prescribed by the Constitution </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>The President is always the leader of his political party </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>A place of “moral leadership” – FDR </li></ul><ul><li>A voice for the people </li></ul><ul><li>Represents the “American People” to foreign countries </li></ul><ul><li>Leading by example </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Must be a “natural born citizen” </li></ul><ul><li>Must be at least 35 years old </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kennedy was the youngest elected at 45 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teddy Roosevelt was the youngest at 42 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reagan was the oldest to be elected at 69 </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Each term is for 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>A President may serve a total of two terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>22 nd Amendment, passed in 1951 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FDR was elected four times 1932, 36, 40, 44 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There is a debate on whether to change it to one six year term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>L.B. Johnson and Jimmy Carter </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Salary fixed by Congress </li></ul><ul><li>In 1789, the salary was set at $25,000 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Currently it is $400,000 per year </li></ul><ul><li>There is a $50,000 expense account </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: The White House, a yacht, a fleet of automobiles, Air Force One, several helicopters and smaller planes, Camp David in MD, the best health care, virtually unlimited travel budget </li></ul><ul><li>$143,000 per year pension </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>The plan by which a presidential vacancy is filled </li></ul><ul><li>The constitution did not specifically outline a rule </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President John Tyler was the first </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Henry Harrison died 1 month after taking office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Tyler assumed the presidency in1841 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This action set a precedent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An action that can be used to justify similar action in the future </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The 25 th Amendment, passed in 1967 clarified the matter </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Sets rules if both the President and Vice-President were unable to serve </li></ul><ul><li>The Speaker of the House is next </li></ul><ul><li>The President pro tem of the senate is next </li></ul><ul><li>The Secretary of State is next </li></ul><ul><li>Then each of the other heads of the president’s cabinet in order of precedents </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Established by section 3 and 4 of the 25 th amendment </li></ul><ul><li>The Vice-President is to become acting president if… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The president informs Congress that he is unable to perform his duties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Vice-President and at least 7 members of the cabinet inform Congress that the President is unable to perform his duties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The President may resume his power by informing Congress that he is once again able </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This can be challenged by the Vice-President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress has the final say </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This has only happened once </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President Reagan transferred powers to VP Bush before going into surgery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 hours later, he resumed the presidency </li></ul></ul>