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Westward Expansion <ul><li>The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 made a plan for territories to obtain statehood </li></ul><ul><...
The Missouri Problem <ul><li>In 1819, Missouri requested statehood </li></ul><ul><li>Threatened to upset the slave state b...
 
The Missouri Problem <ul><li>While Missouri’s fate was being debated, </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama was given statehood as a s...
Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Created under the leadership of Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><li>Maine would be admitted as a free...
 
 
 
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Missouri Compromise

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Transcript of "Missouri Compromise"

  1. 2. Westward Expansion <ul><li>The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 made a plan for territories to obtain statehood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population had to reach 60,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People must petition the U.S., draft a state constitution, elect representatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress voted on whether to approve statehood </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. The Missouri Problem <ul><li>In 1819, Missouri requested statehood </li></ul><ul><li>Threatened to upset the slave state balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Until 1818 there were 10 slave states and 10 free states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illinois was admitted in 1818 as a free state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners expected Missouri to enter as a slave state </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tallmadge Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created by NY Congressman James Tallmadge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changed Missouri’s statehood bill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Missouri would be admitted as a slave state, but would gradually free all of its slaves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southerners blocked the bill’s passage </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. The Missouri Problem <ul><li>While Missouri’s fate was being debated, </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama was given statehood as a slave state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This again balanced the states at 11 free and 11 slave </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southern states accused Northerners of trying to end slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Northerners accused southerners of trying to extend slavery into the west </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides threatened civil war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prelude to what was to come </li></ul></ul>
  4. 6. Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Created under the leadership of Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><li>Maine would be admitted as a free state and </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri would be admitted as a slave state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This would keep the numbers in balance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Louisiana Territory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided at the 36º30’ north latitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>North of the line, (except Missouri) slavery was banned </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>South of the line, slavery was legal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>A temporary fix that would later lead to conflict </li></ul>
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