Gun control
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Gun control






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



2 Embeds 4 2 2



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Gun control Gun control Presentation Transcript

    • Gun Control
    • The Second Amendment
      • "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
      • Added to the Constitution in 1791
    • Gun Rights
      • The belief that any legislation to limit the use and sale of firearms is an infringement on Americans' constitutional rights
      • Some groups advocating gun rights believe that firearm-control measures are unnecessary if lawmakers would enforce current laws
    • Gun Control
      • The belief that the United States needs stricter firearm laws, including tougher background checks
      • Gun control advocates believe that tougher firearm laws will curb the rise of gun-related violence
    • History of Gun Control
    • 1871 National Rifle Association Founded
      • Founded by Union soldiers Col. William C. Church and Gen. George Wingate
      • Purpose: "promote and encourage rifle shooting on a scientific basis"
      • Civil War General Ambrose Burnside
        • Former governor of Rhode Island and a U.S. Senator
        • Serves as the organization's first president
    • 1934 National Firearms Act
      • Brought about by the lawlessness and rise of gangster culture during prohibition
      • President Franklin D. Roosevelt hoped this act would eliminate automatic-fire weapons
      • Also targeted:
        • Short-barreled shotguns and rifles
        • Parts of guns like silencers
        • “ Gadget-type" firearms hidden in canes or pens
      • A $200 fine for anyone caught selling or manufacturing these
        • Equivalent to 5 months salary
        • Equivalent to $12,525 today
    • 1938 Federal Firearms Act
      • Aimed at those involved in selling and shipping firearms through interstate or foreign commerce
      • Required to obtain a Federal Firearms License from the Secretary of Commerce
        • $1 annual fee
      • Required to record the names and addresses of all of their buyers
      • Prohibited from selling to those people who were convicted of certain crimes
    • 1968 Gun Control Act
      • John F. Kennedy
        • Assassinated with a mail-order gun that belonged to Lee Harvey Oswald
        • Inspired this major revision to federal gun laws
        • The assassinations of Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy sped it up
      • License requirements were expanded
      • More detailed record keeping was expected
      • Handgun sales over state lines were restricted
      • Added to the list of people who could not purchase a gun
        • Anyone convicted of any felony (with some exceptions)
        • Those found mentally incompetent
        • Those caught using or dealing drugs
      • Outlawed mail order sales of rifles and shotguns
    • 1972 Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) created
      • Responsible for the enforcement of the Gun Control Act
      • A branch of the Dept. of the Treasury
    • 1986 Law Enforcement Officers Protection Act
      • Made it illegal for anyone to manufacture or import armor piercing ammunition
      • Imposed additional penalties for persons using a firearm during certain crimes
    • 1990 Crime Control Act
      • Established "drug-free school zones“
      • Included criminal penalties for possessing or discharging a firearm in a school zone
    • 1994 Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act
      • Imposed a five-day waiting period and background check before a licensed gun importer, manufacturer or dealer can sell or deliver a handgun to an unlicensed individual
      • Required a new National Instant Criminal Background Check System
        • Run by the FBI
        • Applies to all firearms
        • Allows checks to be done over the phone or electronically with results returned immediately in most cases
    • 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act
      • AKA: The "Assault Weapons Ban" or the Biden Crime Law
      • Banned the manufacture, possession, and importation of new semiautomatic assault weapons
      • Also banned large-capacity magazines (over ten rounds) for civilian use
      • Lists criteria for what constitutes an assault weapons as well as a list of 19 specific firearms
        • Any semi-automatic rifle that is capable of accepting a detachable magazine, and which has two or more of the following features:
          • A telescoping or folding stock, a pistol grip, a flash suppressor, a grenade launcher, and a bayonet lug
      • Prohibits juveniles from possessing or selling handguns
      • Took effect September 13, 1994
      • Expired automatically on September 13, 2004
      • The National Rifle Association and other organizations argued that the ban was unconstitutional and violated the Second Amendment