Gun Control
The Second Amendment <ul><li>&quot;A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of...
Gun Rights <ul><li>The belief that any legislation to limit the use and sale of firearms is an infringement on Americans' ...
Gun Control <ul><li>The belief that the United States needs stricter firearm laws, including tougher background checks </l...
History of Gun Control
1871 National Rifle Association Founded <ul><li>Founded by Union soldiers Col. William C. Church and Gen. George Wingate <...
1934 National Firearms Act <ul><li>Brought about by the lawlessness and rise of gangster culture during prohibition </li><...
1938 Federal Firearms Act <ul><li>Aimed at those involved in selling and shipping firearms through interstate or foreign c...
1968 Gun Control Act <ul><li>John F. Kennedy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assassinated with a mail-order gun that belonged to Lee...
1972 Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco  and Firearms (ATF) created <ul><li>Responsible for the enforcement of the Gun Control Act ...
1986 Law Enforcement Officers Protection Act <ul><li>Made it illegal for anyone to manufacture or import armor piercing am...
1990 Crime Control Act <ul><li>Established &quot;drug-free school zones“ </li></ul><ul><li>Included criminal penalties for...
1994 Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act <ul><li>Imposed a five-day waiting period and background check before a license...
1994   Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act  <ul><li>AKA: The &quot;Assault Weapons Ban&quot; or the Biden Crime ...
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Gun control

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Gun control

  1. 1. Gun Control
  2. 2. The Second Amendment <ul><li>&quot;A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Added to the Constitution in 1791 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gun Rights <ul><li>The belief that any legislation to limit the use and sale of firearms is an infringement on Americans' constitutional rights </li></ul><ul><li>Some groups advocating gun rights believe that firearm-control measures are unnecessary if lawmakers would enforce current laws </li></ul>
  4. 4. Gun Control <ul><li>The belief that the United States needs stricter firearm laws, including tougher background checks </li></ul><ul><li>Gun control advocates believe that tougher firearm laws will curb the rise of gun-related violence </li></ul>
  5. 5. History of Gun Control
  6. 6. 1871 National Rifle Association Founded <ul><li>Founded by Union soldiers Col. William C. Church and Gen. George Wingate </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: &quot;promote and encourage rifle shooting on a scientific basis&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War General Ambrose Burnside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Former governor of Rhode Island and a U.S. Senator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serves as the organization's first president </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 1934 National Firearms Act <ul><li>Brought about by the lawlessness and rise of gangster culture during prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>President Franklin D. Roosevelt hoped this act would eliminate automatic-fire weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Also targeted: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-barreled shotguns and rifles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parts of guns like silencers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Gadget-type&quot; firearms hidden in canes or pens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A $200 fine for anyone caught selling or manufacturing these </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equivalent to 5 months salary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equivalent to $12,525 today </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 1938 Federal Firearms Act <ul><li>Aimed at those involved in selling and shipping firearms through interstate or foreign commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Required to obtain a Federal Firearms License from the Secretary of Commerce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$1 annual fee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Required to record the names and addresses of all of their buyers </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited from selling to those people who were convicted of certain crimes </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1968 Gun Control Act <ul><li>John F. Kennedy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assassinated with a mail-order gun that belonged to Lee Harvey Oswald </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspired this major revision to federal gun laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The assassinations of Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy sped it up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>License requirements were expanded </li></ul><ul><li>More detailed record keeping was expected </li></ul><ul><li>Handgun sales over state lines were restricted </li></ul><ul><li>Added to the list of people who could not purchase a gun </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone convicted of any felony (with some exceptions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those found mentally incompetent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those caught using or dealing drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outlawed mail order sales of rifles and shotguns </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1972 Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) created <ul><li>Responsible for the enforcement of the Gun Control Act </li></ul><ul><li>A branch of the Dept. of the Treasury </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1986 Law Enforcement Officers Protection Act <ul><li>Made it illegal for anyone to manufacture or import armor piercing ammunition </li></ul><ul><li>Imposed additional penalties for persons using a firearm during certain crimes </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1990 Crime Control Act <ul><li>Established &quot;drug-free school zones“ </li></ul><ul><li>Included criminal penalties for possessing or discharging a firearm in a school zone </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1994 Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act <ul><li>Imposed a five-day waiting period and background check before a licensed gun importer, manufacturer or dealer can sell or deliver a handgun to an unlicensed individual </li></ul><ul><li>Required a new National Instant Criminal Background Check System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Run by the FBI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applies to all firearms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows checks to be done over the phone or electronically with results returned immediately in most cases </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act <ul><li>AKA: The &quot;Assault Weapons Ban&quot; or the Biden Crime Law </li></ul><ul><li>Banned the manufacture, possession, and importation of new semiautomatic assault weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Also banned large-capacity magazines (over ten rounds) for civilian use </li></ul><ul><li>Lists criteria for what constitutes an assault weapons as well as a list of 19 specific firearms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any semi-automatic rifle that is capable of accepting a detachable magazine, and which has two or more of the following features: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A telescoping or folding stock, a pistol grip, a flash suppressor, a grenade launcher, and a bayonet lug </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Prohibits juveniles from possessing or selling handguns </li></ul><ul><li>Took effect September 13, 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Expired automatically on September 13, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>The National Rifle Association and other organizations argued that the ban was unconstitutional and violated the Second Amendment </li></ul>
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