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Gun control

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  • 1. Gun Control
  • 2. The Second Amendment
    • "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
    • Added to the Constitution in 1791
  • 3. Gun Rights
    • The belief that any legislation to limit the use and sale of firearms is an infringement on Americans' constitutional rights
    • Some groups advocating gun rights believe that firearm-control measures are unnecessary if lawmakers would enforce current laws
  • 4. Gun Control
    • The belief that the United States needs stricter firearm laws, including tougher background checks
    • Gun control advocates believe that tougher firearm laws will curb the rise of gun-related violence
  • 5. History of Gun Control
  • 6. 1871 National Rifle Association Founded
    • Founded by Union soldiers Col. William C. Church and Gen. George Wingate
    • Purpose: "promote and encourage rifle shooting on a scientific basis"
    • Civil War General Ambrose Burnside
      • Former governor of Rhode Island and a U.S. Senator
      • Serves as the organization's first president
  • 7. 1934 National Firearms Act
    • Brought about by the lawlessness and rise of gangster culture during prohibition
    • President Franklin D. Roosevelt hoped this act would eliminate automatic-fire weapons
    • Also targeted:
      • Short-barreled shotguns and rifles
      • Parts of guns like silencers
      • “ Gadget-type" firearms hidden in canes or pens
    • A $200 fine for anyone caught selling or manufacturing these
      • Equivalent to 5 months salary
      • Equivalent to $12,525 today
  • 8. 1938 Federal Firearms Act
    • Aimed at those involved in selling and shipping firearms through interstate or foreign commerce
    • Required to obtain a Federal Firearms License from the Secretary of Commerce
      • $1 annual fee
    • Required to record the names and addresses of all of their buyers
    • Prohibited from selling to those people who were convicted of certain crimes
  • 9. 1968 Gun Control Act
    • John F. Kennedy
      • Assassinated with a mail-order gun that belonged to Lee Harvey Oswald
      • Inspired this major revision to federal gun laws
      • The assassinations of Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy sped it up
    • License requirements were expanded
    • More detailed record keeping was expected
    • Handgun sales over state lines were restricted
    • Added to the list of people who could not purchase a gun
      • Anyone convicted of any felony (with some exceptions)
      • Those found mentally incompetent
      • Those caught using or dealing drugs
    • Outlawed mail order sales of rifles and shotguns
  • 10. 1972 Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) created
    • Responsible for the enforcement of the Gun Control Act
    • A branch of the Dept. of the Treasury
  • 11. 1986 Law Enforcement Officers Protection Act
    • Made it illegal for anyone to manufacture or import armor piercing ammunition
    • Imposed additional penalties for persons using a firearm during certain crimes
  • 12. 1990 Crime Control Act
    • Established "drug-free school zones“
    • Included criminal penalties for possessing or discharging a firearm in a school zone
  • 13. 1994 Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act
    • Imposed a five-day waiting period and background check before a licensed gun importer, manufacturer or dealer can sell or deliver a handgun to an unlicensed individual
    • Required a new National Instant Criminal Background Check System
      • Run by the FBI
      • Applies to all firearms
      • Allows checks to be done over the phone or electronically with results returned immediately in most cases
  • 14. 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act
    • AKA: The "Assault Weapons Ban" or the Biden Crime Law
    • Banned the manufacture, possession, and importation of new semiautomatic assault weapons
    • Also banned large-capacity magazines (over ten rounds) for civilian use
    • Lists criteria for what constitutes an assault weapons as well as a list of 19 specific firearms
      • Any semi-automatic rifle that is capable of accepting a detachable magazine, and which has two or more of the following features:
        • A telescoping or folding stock, a pistol grip, a flash suppressor, a grenade launcher, and a bayonet lug
    • Prohibits juveniles from possessing or selling handguns
    • Took effect September 13, 1994
    • Expired automatically on September 13, 2004
    • The National Rifle Association and other organizations argued that the ban was unconstitutional and violated the Second Amendment