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French and Indian War
 

French and Indian War

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    French and Indian War French and Indian War Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • Background
      • English colonies were looking to expand into the Ohio River Valley
      • The valley was claimed by the French who built major fortifications
      • Britain and France had been mortal enemies for centuries
      • British troops marched into the valley and demanded that the French surrender territory in May 1754
    •  
    • Background (cont.)
      • The British troops were lead by Lieutenant Colonel George Washington
      • The troops got stuck in the mud near Fort Duquesne in western Pennsylvania
        • Washington built a makeshift fort he called Fort Necessity
      • Washington was forced to surrender
      • He was allowed to go back to Virginia with his army and a surrender document
      • This mistake by Washington started the first World War – The Seven Years War
    • The Surrender at Fort Necessity
    • The War
      • The French and Indian War was fought all over the world, mostly in Europe and America
      • Indians fought along side the French
      • Britain sent 45,000 troops to America
      • These troops were possibly the best supplied and most mobile force in military history
      • France sent a mere 6,000 troops
    • British Victories
      • Quebec - September 18, 1759
      • Montreal – September 8, 1760
      • Treaty of Paris, 1763: In effect, France was removed from North America
      • Britain became the undisputed world leader
    •  
    • Consequences
      • Britain spent a tremendous amount of money – virtually broke
      • Colonial militias gained valuable battle experience
      • Taxes in the colonies rose substantially
        • Prime Minister William Pitt believed that the burden of paying for the war should fall mostly on the colonists