French and Indian War

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French and Indian War

  1. 2. Background <ul><li>English colonies were looking to expand into the Ohio River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>The valley was claimed by the French who built major fortifications </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France had been mortal enemies for centuries </li></ul><ul><li>British troops marched into the valley and demanded that the French surrender territory in May 1754 </li></ul>
  2. 4. Background (cont.) <ul><li>The British troops were lead by Lieutenant Colonel George Washington </li></ul><ul><li>The troops got stuck in the mud near Fort Duquesne in western Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington built a makeshift fort he called Fort Necessity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Washington was forced to surrender </li></ul><ul><li>He was allowed to go back to Virginia with his army and a surrender document </li></ul><ul><li>This mistake by Washington started the first World War – The Seven Years War </li></ul>
  3. 5. The Surrender at Fort Necessity
  4. 6. The War <ul><li>The French and Indian War was fought all over the world, mostly in Europe and America </li></ul><ul><li>Indians fought along side the French </li></ul><ul><li>Britain sent 45,000 troops to America </li></ul><ul><li>These troops were possibly the best supplied and most mobile force in military history </li></ul><ul><li>France sent a mere 6,000 troops </li></ul>
  5. 7. British Victories <ul><li>Quebec - September 18, 1759 </li></ul><ul><li>Montreal – September 8, 1760 </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris, 1763: In effect, France was removed from North America </li></ul><ul><li>Britain became the undisputed world leader </li></ul>
  6. 9. Consequences <ul><li>Britain spent a tremendous amount of money – virtually broke </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial militias gained valuable battle experience </li></ul><ul><li>Taxes in the colonies rose substantially </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prime Minister William Pitt believed that the burden of paying for the war should fall mostly on the colonists </li></ul></ul>

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