Articles To Constitution And Federalism
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Articles To Constitution And Federalism

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Articles To Constitution And Federalism Articles To Constitution And Federalism Presentation Transcript

  • From the Articles to the Constitution
  •  
    • The first constitution of the United States
    • Created by the original 13 states
    • Adopted March 1, 1781 and remained until March, 1789
    • Very weak because the states feared one central power
    • Western Massachusetts citizens could not pay their debt
    • Foreign and interstate trade laws were complicated under the Articles
    • Many people lost jobs
    • Farmers were unable to sell their goods at a decent price
    • People were put in jail and their land was seized for not paying taxes
    • Daniel Shay (former Captain in the Continental Army) took up arms and lead 1200 farmers in a revolt against the MA government
    • The rebellion focused on a building used for storing weapons
    • He weapons were owned by the national government, but the protestors didn’t care
    • The national government was weak and couldn’t do anything
    • Massachusetts was able to call up a militia to put down the revolt
    • Four protestors died in the fighting
    • Showed a need for a strong central government
    • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: May 25, 1787
    • Delegates met to fix the Articles
    • They ended up creating an entirely new document
    • The new law of the United States was framed in 1787 and ratified by all of the states in 1789
    • The new document was fluid and has been modified and amended
  • James Madison Thomas Jefferson
  • “ I am persuaded myself that the good sense of the people will always be found to be the best army…They may be lead astray for a moment, but will soon correct themselves.” -Thomas Jefferson to Edward Carrington, 1787 “ Has it not…invariably been found that momentary passions, and immediate interests, have a more active and imperious control over human conduct than general or remote considerations of policy, utility or justice?” -Alexander Hamilton, Federalist #16
    • Anti-Federalists did not want to ratify the constitution because:
    • It gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments
    • There was no Bill of Rights – or guaranteed rights
    • The national government could maintain armies in peacetime
    • Congress wielded too much power
    • The executive branch held too much power
    • Leaders: James Wilson, Patrick Henry, George Mason, Thomas Jefferson
    • Federalists wanted the constitution ratified because:
    • The separation of powers protected the rights of the people
    • Each branch represents a different aspect of the people
    • All three branches are equal, no one can assume control over another
    • If the national government were to list specific rights, what would stop it from violating the rights not listed?
      • Since we cannot list them all, we shall list none
    • Leaders: John Jay, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton