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1820’s Politics
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1820’s Politics






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1820’s Politics 1820’s Politics Presentation Transcript

  • 1820’s Politics
  • Election of 1824
    • James Monroe served two terms
    • The election of 1824 was an open election
    • Battle of the “favorite sons”
      • Men who had large support in their own regions
      • Henry Clay: KY (West)
      • Andrew Jackson: TN (West)
      • John Q. Adams: MA (New England)
      • William Crawford: GA (South)
  • Election Day
    • Jackson won the popular vote
    • No one won the majority in the electoral college
    • Constitutionally, the election went to the House of Representatives
      • The top three candidates were voted on
      • Clay came in fourth and was eliminated
      • Clay, however, was Speaker of the House
  • The Vote
    • Clay and Jackson were political rivals
      • Clay on Jackson: “ignorant, passionate, hypocritical and corrupt”
      • Jackson on Clay: “meanest scoundrel that ever disgraced the image of his god”
    • Clay threw his political weight behind Adams
      • Adams: 54%
      • Jackson: 29%
      • Crawford: 17%
  • The Corrupt Bargain
    • Jackson’s nephew accused Clay of arranging votes for Adams in return for a cabinet appointment
    • Clay became Adam’s Secretary of State
      • Stepping stone to the White House
    • Jackson and his supporters (he won the popular vote) cried foul
      • They opposed Adam’s presidency
  • John Quincy Adams
    • Son of President John Adams
    • Presidential Term: 1825-1829
    • Lived: 1767-1848
    • State: Massachusetts
    • Party: Republican
    • Vice President: John C. Calhoun
  • Adam’s Presidency
    • Adams was a brilliant Secretary of State
    • Adams was extremely ambitious
      • Wanted a National University
      • National astronomical observatories
      • Fund scientific research
      • Massive infrastructure improvements
    • Jackson and his supporters argued against every policy
  • Election of 1828
    • Pres. John Q. Adams v. Andrew Jackson
    • The campaign was dirty
    • Mudslinging: attacking someone personally and morally
    • Jackson said he was the candidate of the “common man”
    • Jackson revived the “corrupt bargain” debate
  • The Results
    • Popular Vote
      • Jackson: 56%
      • Adams: 46%
    • Electoral College
      • Jackson: 178
      • Adams: 83