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Ap micro 6 1 intro to unit and public goods
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Ap micro 6 1 intro to unit and public goods

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  • Picture is from the Triangle Shirt Fire
  • Picture is from the Triangle Shirt Fire
  • 3 and 5

Transcript

  • 1. Unit 6: Market Failures and the Role of the Government Length 3 Weeks TOTAL Assignments Problem Set #6
  • 2. When should the government get involved in the economy? Worker Safety Laws Barber Shop Licenses Every society needs to decide how much government involvement is desirable Bank Bailouts
  • 3.
  • 4. What is the Free Market? (Capitalism)
  • 5. 5 Characteristics of Free Markets
    • Little government involvement in the economy. (Laissez Faire = Let it be)
    • Individuals OWN resources and determine what to produce, how to produce, and who gets it.
    • The opportunity to make PROFIT gives people INCENTIVE to produce quality items efficiently.
    • Wide variety of goods available to consumers.
    • Competition and Self-Interest work together to regulate the economy .
    The government’s job is to enforce contracts, secure property rights, and defend the country.
  • 6.
    • Example of the INVISIBLE HAND
    • of the free market:
    • If society wants computers and people are willing to pay high prices then…
    • Businesses have the INCENTIVE to start making computers to earn PROFIT.
    • This leads to more COMPETITION….
    • Which means lower prices, better quality, and more product variety.
    • To maintain profits, firms find most efficient way to produce goods and services.
    • The government doesn’t need to get involved since the needs of society are automatically met.
  • 7. Does the Free Market ever FAIL to meet society’s needs?
  • 8.
    • What is a Market Failure?
    • A situation in which the free-market system fails to satisfy society’s wants.
    • (When the invisible hand doesn’t work.)
    • Private markets do not efficiently bring about the allocation of resources.
    • What’s the result…
    • The government must step in to satisfy society’s wants.
    • Circular Flow Model Review
  • 9. How does the free market FAIL ?
  • 10. The Four Market Failures
    • We will focus on four different market failures:
      • Public Goods
      • 2. Externalities (third person side effects)
      • 3. Monopolies
      • 4. Unfair distribution of income
    • In each of the above situations,
    • the government step in to
    • allocate resources efficiently.
  • 11. Market Failure #1: PUBLIC GOODS
  • 12. If there was no government, how would schools, parks, and freeways be different? Would there be enough to meet our needs? Public Goods Video: Fire Department Auction
  • 13.
    • Why must the government provide public goods and services?
    • It is impractical for the free-market to provide these goods because there is little opportunity to earn profit .
    • This is due to the Free-Rider Problem
    • Free Riders are individuals that benefit without paying.
    Public Goods
  • 14. What’s wrong with this picture?
  • 15. The Free Rider Problem
    • Examples:
    • People who download music illegally
    • People who watch a street performer and don’t pay
    • Teenagers that live at home and don’t have a job
  • 16.
    • Canadian Military Spending: $21.8 Billion
    • US Military Spending: $660 Billion
    • Why doesn’t Canada spend more on their military?
    Does anyone free ride off you?
  • 17.
    • Free-Riders keep firms from making profits.
    • If left to the free market, essential services would be under produced.
    • To solve the problem, the government can:
    • 1. Find new ways to punish free-riders.
    • 2. Use tax dollars to provide the service to everyone.
    What’s wrong with Free Riders?
  • 18.
    • The Final Exam
    • I am willing to give an 100% on the final exam to whichever class gives me $1000.
    • Everyone in the class will get 100% even if they don’t pay.
      • Who is willing to pay?
      • What about those that refuse to pay?
    • Solution?
    • EVERYONE pays a mandatory tax
    • and all receive the same benefits.
  • 19. Definition of Public Goods
  • 20.
    • To be considered a true public good, it must meet two criteria:
    • 1. Nonexclusion
    Definition of Public Goods 2. Shared Consumption (Nonrivalry)
      • Everyone can use the good.
      • Cannot exclude people from enjoying the benefits (even if they don’t pay).
      • Ex: National Defense
      • One person’s consumption of a good does not reduce the usefulness to others.
      • Ex: Kit Carson Park
  • 21.
    • Identify which of the following are
    • TRUE public goods
    • (have non-exclusion and non-rival consumption):
            • 1. Hamburgers
            • 2. Satellite TV
            • 3. Free Public Education
            • 4. Homes
            • 5. Street lights
            • 6. Highways