Economic Recession and Student Financial Instability: How Academic Advisors Can Help Reed Thomas Curtis University of South Carolina [email_address] Session 089 Thursday, October 2 nd 2008 NACADA Annual Conference Chicago, IL
Presentation Overview The Situation The Students The Support Conclusion 1 2 3 4 The Strategies “ Blessed are the young for they shall inherit the national debt.” –Herbert Hoover
Recession: A significant decline in economic activity. In the U.S., recession is approximately defined as two successive quarters of falling GDP, as judged by NBER. A recession in one country may be caused by, or may itself cause, recession in another country with which it trades. (Deardoff, Alan V., 2008)
Financial Stability: The avoidance of financial crisis. (Deardoff, Alan V., 2008)
Mortgage leader Indymac is taken over by federal government.
Lehman Brothers declare Bankruptcy—largest in US history.
Federal government bails out AIG and purchases 80% of stock.
Federal Government takes over mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
Washington Mutual is bought by JP Morgan Chase.
“ Mother of All Bail-Outs (MOAB)”—Proposed $700 billion rescue package for troubled mortgage purchases.
Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 fails sending wall street on a nose dive, the DOW went down 777.88, the largest drop in US History for a single day.
Rising Tuition and Fees “ During the last decade tuition and fees alone at private and public universities grew by 40 percent and 33 percent, respectively. By comparison, the median family income increased by only 12 percent.” (Cappannari, 2002) Public Universities Private Universities Average Family Income
Their student loan debt exceeds 8 percent of their pre-tax yearly income. Debt manageability is an even bigger problem for African-American and Hispanic students, who tend to come from lower-income families and whose expected annual post-graduation income is below the national average.
of Graduates with debt have loans that are Unmanageable. (King and Bannon, 2002)
Comprehensive programs and resources for students.
Focus on both health and wealth.
Monthly finance and health messages.
Internet quizzes to assess financial literacy, identity theft prevention, investment risk tolerance, etc.
Strong faculty buy-in: RU-FIT (Rutgers University Financial Independence Training)
(Rutgers University, 2008)
Provides students, faculty, staff, and community with information in the following areas: * Establishing credit * Using credit wisely * Creating a budget * Saving money * Investment education * Correcting credit report mistakes * Repaying debt * Organizing finances * Tax planning * Selecting employee benefits * Expenses during or after college * Buying a car or home * Planning premarital finances Texas Tech (Texas Tech University, 2008)
Maxed Out College Students: A Call To Limit Credit Card Solicitations on College Campuses by Creola Johnson 2005
The Burden of Borrowing--State PIRG’s Higher Education Project 2002
Graduate Students and Credit Cards, Fall 2006--NellieMae
Undergraduate Students and Credit Cards, 2004--Nellie Mae
The Project on Student Debt--September 2007
Ohio State University Research Challenge Program--2005
More Graduates Mired in Debt, Survey Finds—Diana Schemo, NYTimes March 8, 2002
American college students graduate with record levels of debt. Andrea Cappannari, Retrieved October 14, 2007, from http://www.wsws.org/articles/2002/apr2002/debt-a22.shtml
Cappannari, A. (2002, April 22). American college students graduate with record levels of debt. Retrieved September 29, 2008, from http://www.wsws.org/articles/2002/apr2002/debt-a22.shtml Curtis, R. T. (2008). Students in Financial Crisis: How Academic Advisers Can Help. The Mentor. Retrieved from http://www.psu.edu/dus/mentor/080227rc.htm Chen, H. and Volpe, R.P, 1998, "An Analysis of Personal Financial Literacy among College Students," Financial Services Review, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 107-128. Deardoff, A. (2001). "Financial Stability". Deardorff's Glossary of International Economics. Retrieved September 30, 2008, from http://www-personal.umich.edu/~alandear/glossary/f.html . Deardoff, A. (2001). "Recession". Deardorff's Glossary of International Economics. Retrieved September 30, 2008, from http://www-personal.umich.edu/~alandear/glossary /. Experience Inc. (2006, August 15). Nearly 60% of college graduates boomerang back home after living on their own . Retrieved November 20, 2007, from http://www.experience.com/corp/press_release?id=press_release_1155590079977&channel_id=about_us&page_id=media_coverage_news&tab=cn1 Glater, J. (2007, November 4). Move over, Orbitz. New York Times . Retrieved November 20, 2007, from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/04/education/edlife/spending.html?_r=1&oref=slogi n Hunt, J. B., Jr., Carruthers, G., Callan, P. M., & Ewell, P. T. (2006). Measuring up, 2006: The national report card on higher education . National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. Retrieved November 29, 2007, from http://measuringup.highereducation.org/_docs/2006/NationalReport_2006.pdf
Resources Johnson, C. (2005, June 1). Call to limit soliciting of credit cards on campus. NYU Journal of Legislation and Public Policy, 8 (2), 191–277. Retrieved October 7, 2007, from http://www.law.nyu.edu/journals/legislation/articles/vol8num2/Johnson.pdf King, T., & Bannon, E. (2002, March). The burden of borrowing: A report on the rising rates of student loan debt . Washington, D.C.: The State PIRGs' Higher Education Project. Retrieved November 19, 2007, from http://www.pirg.org/highered/BurdenofBorrowing.pdf Levine, Jessica. "Students overload on credit." Daily Targum. 28 Jan. 2004.Rutgers University.30 Sept. 2008 <http://media.www.dailytargum.com/media/storage/paper168/news/2004/01/28/university/students.overload.on.credit-589568.shtml>. Moran, K. (2002, October 1). Grant support for graduate and undergraduate students who perform research. The Mentor: An Academic Advising Journal, 4 (4). Retrieved November 20, 2007, from http://www.psu.edu/dus/mentor/ Nellie Mae Inc. (2005, May). Undergraduate students and credit cards in 2004 . Braintree, MA. Retrieved November 20, 2007, from http://www.nelliemae.com/pdf/ccstudy_2005.pdf Norvilitis, J. M., Szablicki, P. B., & Wilson, S. D. (2003). Factors influencing levels of credit card debt in college students. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33 , pp. 935–947. Rutgers University. "Rutgers University Personal Finance." Rutgers University Personal Finance. 23 July 2008. Rutgers University. 30 Sept. 2008 <http://njaes.rutgers.edu/money/>.
ACE | New ACE Publication Examines How Much Students Borrow to Pay for College. Retrieved October 14, 2007, from http://www.acenet.edu/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Press_Releases2&TEMPLATE=/CM/ContentDisplay.cfm&CONTENTID=10968
ACE: Federal Student Loan Debt: 1993-2004. Retrieved October 14, 2007, from http://www.acenet.edu/AM/Template.cfm?Section=CPA&Template=/CM/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=10733
Sutton, W. (2002, November 11). Knowing the facts about financial aid: Basic overview of financial aid for academic advisers. The Mentor: An Academic Advising Journal, 4 (4). Retrieved November 20, 2007, from http://www.psu.edu/dus/mentor/ Texas Tech University. "Red to Black." Red to Black. 30 Sept. 2008. Texas Tech University. 30 Sept. 2008 <http://www.orgs.ttu.edu/r2b/>. The Project on Student Debt (2007, September). Student debt and the class of 2006 . Berkeley, CA: The Project on Student Debt. Retrieved November 20, 2007, from http://projectonstudentdebt.org/files/pub/State_by_State_report_FINAL.pdf United States Department of Education (2006, September). A test of leadership: Charting the future of U.S. higher education . Retrieved November 28, 2007, from http://www.ed.gov/about/bdscomm/list/hiedfuture/reports/final-report.pdf