Educational system in kerala – present govt


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Educational system in kerala – present govt

  1. 1. EDUCATION ?.. Education is not preparation for life; Education is life itself. Education is the ability to listen to almost anything without losing your temper or your self-confidence. An education isn’t how much you have committed to memory, or even how much you know. It’s being able to differentiate between what you know and what you don’t.
  2. 2. Education system in Kerala - History Gurukul System Pallikkoodams by Christian missionaries - irrespective of caste or religion School for girls was established by the Maharaja in 1859, which was an act unprecedented in the Indian subcontinent In the 1860’s, the government spread the educational programs into Malabar
  3. 3.  Keralas achievements in the field of education - near total literacy, free and universal primary education. Low drop out rate at the school level, easy access to educational institutions, gender equality in access etc. – In these respects, Kerala is often compared not only with the other Indian states or developing countries but also with some of the developed countries.
  4. 4. Importance of education in kerala emerged as the single largest economic activity of the state Government expenditure on education as a ratio of the state domestic product despite decline in recent years is one of the highest in the country Education accounts for more than one third of the total revenue expenditure of the state  Cond..
  5. 5.  Women’s education is given prior importance. The per capita expenditure on education is the second highest among states in India Nearly one fifth of the population are students. Education sector is also one of the biggest employers in the state
  6. 6. Literacy Kerala, with 93.91 per cent, continues to occupy the top position among States Lakshadweep followed with a literacy level of 92.28 per cent.
  7. 7. Literacy rate from 1951 - 2011 47.18 1951 93.91 55.08 1961 1971 1981 90.92 69.75 1991 2001 78.85 2011 89.81
  8. 8. Division of education system Kerala Primary Education Kerala High School Education Kerala Secondary Education [+2] /Vocational Secondary Schools Kerala Higher Education Distance Education program in Kerala.
  9. 9. Boards of Education Many of the schools owned by private sector are aided by government.  Kerala State Education Board  Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE)  Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE)  National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) No fees(or a nominal fees) are required in schools run by or aided by government. Fees concerning the higher and technical education are very low; the ratio of recovery of governments revenue expenditure was 2.6% in 2009–2010
  10. 10. Universities
  11. 11. Major Govt. Interventions 1994 – DPEP (District Primary Education Programme)  A major initiative to revitalize the primary education system and to achieve the objective of universalization of primary education.  DPEP has so far opened more than 1,60,000 new schools  Village Education was given more importance  About 1,77,000 teachers, including para- teachers have been appointed  From here to…………
  12. 12.  The most negative part of the DPEP –  it gave the childrens a lot of negatives  It made d language and spoken abilities of our students worse  they were made to collect match boxes n feathers, well they were aimed at giving practical  experience for children - but what did it actually gave them? something is still a question mark…
  13. 13.  2001 -SSA – (SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN)  Centrally sponsored scheme at the end of the Ninth Five Year Plan to improve the educational status.  Education for girls, scheduled caste and tribal children  Education of sc/st children  Free textbooks to all girls/SC/ST children up to Class-VIII.  At least 50 % of the teachers to be appointed have to be women.  Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS).
  14. 14.  2007 - Higher Secondary centralized Allotment Process (hsCap)  Popularly known as Single Window Admission  The software is developed by taking care of all the existing rules of rank generation and Communal reservations by the DHSE (Directorate of Higher Secondary Education)  hsCap provided by NIC has eliminated the requirement for a student to apply in multiple Schools where the student is seeking the admission and also eliminated the task of virtually appearing for interview in multiple schools
  15. 15. Other Govt. Schemes Kalakshethra  Kalaksethra is a district training centre where special training/ coaching will be given to artistically talented but financially backward students. Merit Cum Means Scholarship  Comprehensive scholarship scheme of the Higher Secondary level for the meritorious students belonging to BPL families.  Cond..
  16. 16.  Remedial Coaching  Remedial coaching is implemented to give special coaching to weak students in selected Government Higher Secondary Schools having pass percentage below 50. National Service Scheme  NSS provides platform for leadership practice life-skill acquisition etc and help the volunteers learn how to live among others Adolescent Counseling and Health Care Programme  These was some of the very useful schemes introduced by the government.
  17. 17. 2008 - Choice Based Credit System The Four Pillars of the UG reforms  -Semesterisation  - Choice-based credit system - “Courses” to “programmes”  - Continuous assessment  - Grading A – Wow ! Outstanding Display of Knowledge/Understanding/Application B – Very Good, but not extraordinary C – Good D- Fair/Satisfactory F - Poor/Unsatisfactory
  18. 18. Although the Universities were veymuch pleased and fast in introducingthe Credit based and grading system onto the Degree level. But it was a severeheadache to the Students and also withthe teachers.The latest comments from the studentsCalicut and Kannur Universities are ofmuch worse in nature……The news cutting from “The Hindu” alsotells the same. “What to do with the Grade ? No idea..”
  19. 19. Medical – Engineering….. Great Problem ????? In 2004 issues started in Kerala ,as 4 self FINANCING medical colleges started in Kerala .for the information of all ,its not the state government who gave permission to start college .but its the medical council .we dont need permission of state government for starting a college .we only needs a NOC certificate from state government. For giving NOC ,the state government gave a suggestion to the colleges that 50%of seats must be reserved for state merit. And for the rest you can do anything….
  20. 20.  In 2005 admission was as 50:50 Huge donation for medical Management Seats SFI Protesting Government failed to initiate proper guidelines for starting of self financing colleges and their admission process 2006 – Election – LDF Govt. In the first year itself they failed ,the private management consortium formed and no of colleges increased to 9.
  21. 21.  In 2007 4 colleges under Christian management got their minority right This year government formed Muhammad committee Each colleges gave admission to whoever gave more money This allegations started big quarrel between government and managements Decided to conduct an entrance exam of their own and gave admission based on that
  22. 22.  it created a 3 type fee system in the same college for same course – Injustice ? From 2008 the admission in self financing colleges is going on uncontrolled What can be done ????
  23. 23.  A strict legislation can solve this issue Government should take care to impliment a single fee system Admission should be from state merit . All colleges should bring under single regulatory committee. The same kind of problems exist with the Engineering courses also..
  24. 24. THANK YOU….  Presented by Group 1  Jithin Das  Sumesh V  Rumana T  Ahina P  Preethi K  Sreekala