Dhwani 2012 Finals

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Dhwani 2012 Finals

  1. 1. Jithin & Raouf with inputs from VR and VIP(you know, of MusicAloud fame )
  2. 2.  5 Rounds1. Write Bros.2. Clockwise3. AZED4. Anti Clockwise5. Theme
  3. 3.  6 clips from the 2003 movie The Dreamers Each clip references (and shows footage from) a movie 5 points per correct answer 10 points bonus if all 6 are correct
  4. 4. 1
  5. 5. 2
  6. 6. 3
  7. 7. 4
  8. 8. 5
  9. 9. 6
  10. 10. 1
  11. 11. 2
  12. 12. 3
  13. 13. 4
  14. 14. 5
  15. 15. 6
  16. 16. 1. À bout de souffle (1960) or Breathless2. City Lights (1931)3. Top Hat (1935)4. Bande à part (1964) or Band of Outsiders5. Scarface (1932)6. Mouchette (1967)
  17. 17.  16 questions clockwise 10 points per correct answer Modified infinite bounce Infinite Pounce +15 / -10 on pounce
  18. 18. On June 16, 2004, a news report appeared on the WorldTribune saying ―Move over Tiger: __________ ___ shot 38under par his 1st time out‖. This as per the report makes him―easily the greatest golfer, the world has ever seen.‖ Otherreports suggest that he developed the technology of mobilephones that are invisible to the naked eye, with which hegave tactical advise to the coach of the national footballteam at the 2010 World Cup in South Africa. He was alsoreported to be a huge basketball fan and was said to own avideo library of practically every game Michael Jordan everplayed for the Bulls.Who is this multi faceted personality? 1
  19. 19.  Kim Jong-il
  20. 20. The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was a World War IIorganisation of the United Kingdom formed in 1940 byWinston Churchill to ―set Europe ablaze‖. Their primaryduty was to conduct guerrilla warfare through espionage,sabotage and reconnaissance behind enemy lines against theAxis powers and to help resistance movements in Europe.Because of the location of their headquarters at London,they were often called X, after a fictional group employed―to go everywhere, see everything and overhear everyone.‖What was their nickname? 2
  21. 21.  Baker Street Irregulars Sherlock Holmes’s group of street urchins, whom he used for various physical tasks
  22. 22. T.P. Sundara Rajan, a former IPS officer and lawyer was aresident of Thiruvananthapuram. During his service as anIPS officer, he had a stint in the Intelligence Bureau and wasalso part of the security staff of the former Prime Minister,Indira Gandhi. In July 2011, his death after a heart attack atthe age of 70, was widely reported by the national media.For what reason was he in the limelight? 3
  23. 23.  He filed the petition which led to the Sree Padmanabhaswamy temples closed vaults being opened and the assets being revealed.
  24. 24. The 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, was aprominent English politician in the 17th century. On 4February 1673, he addressed the English Parliament as LordChancellor. He was a vocal supporter of Britain‘s war withthe Dutch during this time (Third Anglo-Dutch War). In hisnow famous speech, he compared England and the DutchRepublic to X and Y respectively and quoted a politicalphrase made famous by the Roman statesman Cato theElder.What phrase? 4
  25. 25.  “Carthago delenda est” Carthage must be destroyed
  26. 26. Echo ___ Mines Limited was a mining company founded in1964 and had its initial operations on the shores of the GreatBear Lake in Canada. They were based out of the miningarea of Port Radium in Northwest Territories and takes itsname from a silver mine of the same name in the region.They later expanded to other regions in Canada and the US.In 2003, the company merged with Kinross GoldCorporation and is now its subsidiary.The company would be remembered for necessitating theshortening of the name of a famous company. Whichcompany? 5
  27. 27.  eBay The internet domain echobay.com was already owned by Echo Bay Mines Limited
  28. 28. It‘s popular name is derived from the title of LeonLedermans popular science book, ―The ___ ________: Ifthe Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question?‖Lederman said he gave it the nickname ―The ___________‖ because the particle is ―so central to the state ofphysics today, so crucial to our understanding of thestructure of matter, yet so elusive,‖ but jokingly added that asecond reason was because ―the publisher wouldnt let us callit the ___damn ________, though that might be a moreappropriate title, given its villainous nature and the expense itis causing.‖What nickname? 6
  29. 29.  God Particle Higg’s Boson
  30. 30. In Canada, ―the _________ ________‖ is a phrase generallyused in such a way as to imply that if a certain politicalcourse is taken, Canadas destiny will be to become ―the_________ ________‖. Becoming ―the _________________‖ is usually raised either as a potential consequenceof adopting policies that propose greater integration orcooperation with the United States. The phrase is usuallyused in local political debates, in polemic writing or in privateconversations. It is rarely used by politicians themselves in apublic context, although at certain times in Canadian history,political parties have used other similarly loaded imagery.What phrase? 7
  31. 31.  51st state
  32. 32. What was allthis about? 8
  33. 33.  Salman Rushdie Facebook changed his name to Ahmad Rushdie. He protested and got his name back.
  34. 34. When X‘s doctor told him that, because of his lifelonginjuries and trauma, he could no longer smoke cigars, ride hishorses, drink wine or perform sexual acts with women, hedecided he was ready to die. He ordered his favourite horsebrought to him, took a handful of cigars, two bottles of hisfavourite wine and rode out to his finca where he was met bytwo of Sevilla‘s ―women of the night.‖ He smoked his cigarsand drank his wine, engaging one more time in his finalpassions, took his pistol and shot himself. He had told othersprior to his last day that if he could not live like a man hewould at least die like one.X‘s picture on the Time Magazine on the next slide. Identify. 9
  35. 35.  Juan Belmonte Reputed to be the Greatest Bullfighter ever
  36. 36. Hiroo Onoda, along with two compatriots was involved inthe murder of around 30 inhabitants of the island ofLubang and wounding another one hundred people, severalshootouts with the police and stealing and butchering cattlefor nearly 3 decades. Despite all this, he received a fullpardon from Ferdinand Marcos in 1974. He published hismemoirs, which was widely popular. The following year, hemoved to Brazil and started a quiet life raising cattle.He was one of the last known ________ _______. 10
  37. 37.  Japanese holdout After World War II, several Japanese soldiers continued to fight for years, being cut off from the their army command and mostly ignorant of the fact that Japan had surrendered.
  38. 38. Upon X‘s death, the following obituary appeared on theEditorial page of The Ottawa Citizen under the heading ‗No,_________ ‗:―It is sadly that we report on Sir X, elsewhere referred to asSir Y. While it would be premature to commit ourselves to adefinitive position on his merits or even his existence, acommittee is being struck to consider the possibility of adecision, in the fullness of time, to regret his passing, if any.‖Identify the actor X and the role Y immortalised by him. 11
  39. 39.  Nigel Hawthorne Humphrey Appleby from Yes Minister.
  40. 40. A 1978 work by Anthony Burgess was inspired by and is atribute to a 1949 work of the same genre. Despite the title, itis not a sequel and just uses the same concept and settings. Itis divided into 2 parts. The first is a series of essays andinterviews which discusses the earlier work. The second is anovella set a few years after the time of the work‘s writing.Identify both. 12
  41. 41.  1985 Tribute to 1984
  42. 42. Its creators intended to represent ―the stars in the sky at X at8:30 in the morning on 15 November 1889, the moment atwhich the constellation of the Southern Cross was on themeridian of X and the longer arm [of the cross] wasvertical.‖ According to a 1971 law, it portrays the stars asthey would be seen by an imaginary observer an infinitedistance above X standing outside the firmament in whichthe stars are meant to be placed. Currently, they are 27 innumber. Any additions have to follow the above principle.What is being described? 13
  43. 43.  Stars on the Brazilian National Flag
  44. 44. This term refers to simple but potent solution to some acutesocial problem, without any adverse side effects. One of theuses of this term is to disparagingly describe a theorycredited to Arlen Specter, which originated in the early 70s.CE 399 forms an essential part of the theory.Which term? What theory? 14
  45. 45.  Magic bullet Single bullet theory on the assassination of JFK
  46. 46. In 2004, royalties agent Peter Rowan, representing PeterThorpe, filed a claim for royalties with the PerformingArtists Media Rights Association (PAMRA). He was part ofa group of 23 students of Islington Green School, northLondon who did something without permission from theheadmistress or their parents. The school received a £1,000cheque, the children were unpaid and anonymous and theteacher who encouraged them was fired from the schoolafter outrage from the public. The claim is based on a changein UK copyright law in 1996, though the events happenedmore than two decades back.What did they do? 15
  47. 47.  Sang the chorus in Another Brick in the Wall, Part II by Pink Floyd “We don’t need no education/We don’t need no thought control/No dark sarcasm in the classroom/Teachers, leave them kids alone.”
  48. 48. Credited with the first Malayalam translation of Dracula aswell as the Sherlock Holmes series, X was a contributingcartoonist at Shankars Weekly. X‘s works have found theirway into Malayalam movies many times, but the only time hehimself donned the directors hat was in 1982 to filmizeanother of his own works. Apart from this, he also wrote thedialogues for the 1990 film Iyer The Great.ID X. 16
  49. 49.  Malayatoor Ramakrishnan
  50. 50.  Identify unknowns A - I 5 points per correct answer 10 points bonus if all 9 are correct
  51. 51. The first story to feature A going east was B. C, writtenin 1934, was the second one, in which A visits D. BeforeC was written, E, the creator of A got a letter from apriest at Leuven University saying : “I gather youresending A to D. Be sure that you mug up on D properlyand dont just stereotype. We have a number ofstudents from D here who you could talk to.” E tookthis advice and the result, C was a masterpiece. It isconsidered a pivotal work in E’s career, marking a newfound commitment to geographical and culturalaccuracy, because the previous adventures E wrotewere based on approximations of a country or whateverE could discover about them.
  52. 52. E was also a huge fan of the book F by G. E firstwatched the movie adaptation of F by director H who isconsidered one of the greatest in the suspense/psychothriller genre. H said about F that it was a wonderfulbook to film because you didn’t need to do astoryboard, it was all there already. Gs style ofnarrating exciting adventures in F was exactly similar tohow E constructed A’s adventures. Thus inspired by F,E created I, which sees A’s first arrival and consequentadventures in Britain. In I, A arrives in Britain,stopping off in Dover and Suffolk before going north toScotland. This is a reflection of the flight northwards ofthe protagonist Richard Hannay in the book F.
  53. 53. A. TintinB. Cigars of the PharaohC. The Blue LotusD. ChinaE. HergeF. The 39 stepsG. John BuchanH. Alfred HitchcockI. The Black Island
  54. 54.  16 questions anti clockwise 10 points per correct answer Modified infinite bounce Infinite Pounce +15 / -10 on pounce
  55. 55. X is a non-fiction book written by Y on the group X . Thebook was born from an article written by Y for the May 17,1965 issue of The Nation, on X and other similar clubs. Thearticle was well-received and prompted book offers fromseveral publishers interested in the topic. Y spent the nextyear preparing for the new book in close quarters with the X,in particular the San Bernardino and Oakland chapters ofthe club and their president Ralph ―Sonny‖ Barger. Y was upfront with the X about his role as a journalist, a dangerousmove given their marked distrust of reporters. The book waswidely lauded as a masterpiece, the New York Timesdescribed Y‘s portrayal as ―a world most of us would neverdare encounter.‖Id the book/group X and the writer Y. 1
  56. 56.  Hells Angels Hunter S Thompson
  57. 57. The Royal Canadian Dragoons, a regiment in the CanadianArmy uses an animal as its mascot. This has its origins in aregimental legend. When the Regiment was deployed in awar, a sentry reported that a number of these animals werebehaving erratically as though alarmed, and alerted theofficers, who ordered a stand-to. This resulted in the defeatof a large party of enemy soldiers, who had managed astealthy approach to the outpost.Ironically the animal is found in a different continentaltogether and was used as the national symbol of a countrytill 1990s. The name of the animal is still used as thenickname of one of the sports teams of the nation and isdisplayed on their jersey, although this has its share ofdetractors.Animal and the sports team? 2
  58. 58.  Springbok South African Rugby team
  59. 59. Even though the origins of this are not conclusively known,Major John Etty-Leal, the General Officer Commanding(GOC) II of the British 2nd Infantry Division is supposedto have suggested them, inspired by John Maxwell Edmonds,an English scholar‘s work. He is in turn thought to have beeninspired by the Greek lyric poet Simonides of Ceos (556-468BC).What? 3
  60. 60.  Kohima Epitah inscribed on the memorial of the 2nd British Division at the Kohima Allied War Cemetery.
  61. 61. The paintings The Geographer and The Astronomer byJohannes Vermeer are believed to portray the same man.Arthur Wheelock, curator of Northern Painting in theWashington National Gallery and noted Vermeer expert,among others, has suggested that a contemporary ofVermeer and another famous Delft citizen served as themodel for the paintings. Although the suggestion can neitherbe substantiated nor disproved, it is almost impossible toimagine that these exact contemporaries, both baptized in1632 and both high achievers in their fields, would not havecome across each other in small city of Delft.Who? 4
  62. 62.  Van Leeuwenhoek
  63. 63. Domoic acid is a marine biotoxin whose consumption causesamnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) in humans. In mammalsdomoic acid acts as a neurotoxin, which causes short termmemory loss, brain damage and, in severe cases, death.A study led by ocean environmentalist Sibel Bargu ofLouisiana State University in Baton Rouge in 2011 concludedthat Domoic acid poisoning was the culprit in a hithertounsolved mystery. What was famously inspired from thisincident? 5
  64. 64.  The Birds (1963) by Alfred Hitchcock Inspired by a similar incident at Californias Monterey Bay in the summer of 1961
  65. 65. Several countries have a system of laws which protectbystanders who help incapacitated people. They generallyprotect the people who assist from being prosecuted forunintentional injury. These laws vary from jurisdiction tojurisdiction and are based on the legal systems used.By what appropriate name are they referred to? 6
  66. 66.  Good Samaritan law Parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37)
  67. 67. ―X confirmed his commitment to retire and also this successionplan to me not once but twice shortly after. When everyone tookhis word at face value and in good faith, in the month of February2010, he reneged on his commitment to retire to my utter shockand dismay. That act of breach of faith triggered a whole seriesof unsavoury events which have taken an ugly turn and which areall now in the public domain. In these 18 months matters havereached a very low point indeed—with a brazen and crude displayof factionalism, opportunistic and vote-bank politics, quid-pro-quo deals, bad faith, vindictive acts, selective targeting ofindividuals and pursuing personal agendas by some boardmembers all combining into a messy ‗slugfest‘ among the Boardmembers. There is no question that these anti-institution actionsby a coterie of the Board have seriously eroded the quality,reputation and credibility of ___ _______ and have also severelyimpaired the competitive ability and profitability of the wholeenterprise.‖Excerpts from a letter. Identify the writer. 7
  68. 68.  N. Murali about the plight of The Hindu. X - N Ram.
  69. 69. It is often attributed to George Bernard Shaw, probablybecause of his support for English spelling reform, thoughhe never used it in his writings. The earliest known publishedreference is an article from the October 1874 issue of St.Jamess Magazine by S. R. Townshend Mayer, entitled ―LeighHunt and Charles Ollier‖. It quotes an 1855 letter fromOllier to Hunt.What? 8
  70. 70.  Ghoti Respelling of fish
  71. 71. ―…I went to have a look at the cathedral - a moderncathedral, and one of the most hideous buildings in theworld. It has four crenellated spires exactly the shape ofhock bottles... I think the Anarchists showed bad taste in notblowing it up... though they did hang a red and black bannerbetween its spires.‖George Orwell talking about something in ―Homage toCatalonia‖. What? 9
  72. 72.  La Sagrada Familia, Barcelona Antoni Gaudi’s famous unfinished cathedral
  73. 73. Rebel Without a Crew (subtitle: Or How a 23-Year-OldFilmmaker with $7,000 Became a Hollywood Player) is a1995 non-fiction book by __________. Presented in a diaryformat, Rebel details ________‘s beginnings as a youngfilmmaker; his stint at a medical testing facility to raisemoney for a feature film; the making of that film for $7,000,and his subsequent experiences in Hollywood selling the filmand going to film festivals promoting it.Identify the director and the movie. 10
  74. 74.  Robert Rodriguez El Mariachi
  75. 75. The ________ are a class of several ethnic groups whoinhabit isolated parts of Southeast Asia. Their currentpopulations include 12 Andamanese peoples of theAndaman Islands, six Semang peoples of Malaysia, the Maniof Thailand, and the Aeta, Agta, Ati, and 30 other peoplesof the Philippines. Reports from British traders also speakof ________ people on Borneo. __________ share somecommon physical features with African pygmy populations,including short stature, natural afro-hair texture, and darkskin; however, their origin and the route of their migrationto Asia is still a matter of great speculation.Fill in the blanks with a term which caused much uproar insporting circles, recently. 11
  76. 76.  Negrito
  77. 77. Excerpt from the judgement against X at Nuremberg:―...For his 25 years of speaking, writing and preaching hatredof the Jews, X was widely known as ‗Jew-Baiter NumberOne.‘ In his speeches and articles, week after week, monthafter month, he infected the German mind with the virus ofanti-Semitism, and incited the German people to activepersecution... X‘s incitement to murder and extermination atthe time when Jews in the East were being killed under themost horrible conditions clearly constitutes persecution onpolitical and racial grounds in connection with war crimes, asdefined by the Charter, and constitutes a crime againsthumanity.‖X was sentenced to death by the tribunal and was hanged todeath on October 16, 1946. Who? 12
  78. 78.  Julius Streicher The editor of the Nazi mouthpiece.
  79. 79. Wealthy Farmer, 3 of Family Slain: A wealthy wheat farmer,his wife, and their two young children were found shot todeath today in their home. They had been killed by shotgunblasts at close range after being bound and gagged. Thefather, 48-year-old Herbert W. Clutter, was found in thebasement with his son, Kenyon, 15. His wife Bonnie, 45, anda daughter, Nancy, 16, were in their beds. There were nosigns of a struggle and nothing had been stolen. Thetelephone lines had been cut. ―This is apparently the case ofa psychopathic killer,‖ Sheriff Earl Robinson said.News report on November 16, 1959, in The New YorkTimes. Put funda. 13
  80. 80.  Inspired Truman Capote to write ‘In Cold Blood’
  81. 81. Chromolaena odorata is known as Siam Weed, ChristmasBush, and Common Floss Flower in different parts of theworld. It is used as a traditional medicine in Indonesia fortreating wounds. It is considered an invasive weed and hasbeen reported to be the most problematic invasive specieswithin protected rainforests in Africa.For Malayalees it is an irony that this plant is native to NorthAmerica. How do we know it? 14
  82. 82.  Communist Pacha
  83. 83. Extract from an entry by X on his blog , titled Not InDefense of Y:On Thursday night I posted in entry in defense of Ys reviewof District 9. Overnight I received reader comments causingme to rethink that entry, in particular this eye-popping linksupplied by Wes Lawson. I realized I had to withdraw myoverall defense of Y. I was not familiar enough with hiswork. It is baffling to me that a critic could praise―Transformers 2‖ but not ―Synecdoche, NY.‖ Or ―DeathRace‖ but not ―There Will be Blood.‖ I am forced toconclude that Y is, as charged, a troll. A smart and knowingone, but a troll. My defense of his specific review of District9 still stands.Link on the next page. X and Y? 15
  84. 84.  X – Roger Ebert Y - Armond White
  85. 85. On the grounds of the United States Military Academy atWest Point, there are 36 plaques commemorating all of thecommanding generals who served in the AmericanRevolution. One plaque bears no name, but only a rank and adate (―Major General - born 1741‖).Who and why? 16
  86. 86.  Benedict Arnold For obvious reasons. 
  87. 87.  Closed theme – both answers and the theme in writing Non-exhaustive 10 points for each correct answer Points for the theme indicated on each slide -5 throughout
  88. 88. Gösta Mittag-Leffler was a Swedish mathematician activeduring the late 19th and early 20th century. He founded themathematical journal Acta Mathematica (1882) under KingOscars patronage. He also maintained a large mathematicallibrary in his villa in Stockholm. After his death, his houseand its contents was donated to the Academy of Sciences asthe Mittag-Leffler Institute.His name is generally associated with an urban legend of thetime. What?+30 1
  89. 89. ___ _________ is a term applied to the historical conceptof relative peace in the Western hemisphere from the mid19th century and later the Western world after World War II.The earliest recorded use of the phrase was in 1894. In thecontext of the late 20th century, it indicates the military andeconomic position of the United States as a super power.The term is derived from similar concepts proposed todescribe similar periods during the heights of the Romanempire, the British empire and the Mongol empire.The term is also referenced in the title of a 2009documentary on ―the Weaponization of Space.‖ What term?+30 2
  90. 90. Henry Richardson Labouisse, Jr., an American diplomat andstatesman, was the director of the UNRWA (United NationsRelief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the NearEast) from 1954 to 58 in addition to serving as the USambassador to France and Greece. He was the director ofUNICEF from 1965–79 and accepted the Nobel Peace Prizeon its behalf in 1965.His second marriage to Ève Denise _____ Labouisse, makeshim the 5th person in a unique list. What list?+25 3
  91. 91. In 2004, at the urging of a local bishop, scientists begansearching for the remains of X at the Frombork Cathedral.X, who had died nearly 450 years back, had worked as acanon (a Catholic cleric) at the cathedral. The skull andbones of a 70-year-old man was discovered, which was theage at which X died. A reconstruction made by forensicpolice based on the skull showed a broken nose and a scarthat resemble a self-portrait of X. DNA tests done with twostrands of hair found in Sweden among his books alsoreturned a positive verdict. In 2010 he was reburied by Polishpriests as a hero in a Catholic Mass at the same spot inFrombork Cathedral.Who?+25 4
  92. 92. Even though this word‘s use started in 1849, it was officiallyaccepted only in 1963. The word was probably intended torefer to the discovery of gold in the region. The original1849 text explains ―the success of the miner at work‖ as oneof the reasons behind choosing it. In addition to themeaning of the word, the famous story behind the word alsofeature gold.What word? What is it used as?+20 5
  93. 93. Russian Standard, an alcohol manufacturer, advertises itsvodka as ―made according to a classical recipe‖ of _______________. Their website claims ―At Russian Standardprogress is built upon unshakable insight - chemist _______________‘s ground-breaking formula for perfect vodkadistillation. ... _________‘s perfect balance of 40% alcoholby volume gave Russian vodka a precise formula for whathad been, until then, a process closer to alchemy thanchemistry.‖Who?+20 6
  94. 94. A sailor‘s first crossing of the equator is generallycommemorated in navies by an initiation rite. The sailor issubpoenaed to appear before King _______ and his courtand made to go through some embarrassing ordeal.After the ceremony, the sailor is presented a certificate dulysigned by _______.What is the name of the practice? Into whose kingdom arethe sailors being initiated to?+15 7
  95. 95. The banknotes issued in New Zealand feature 5 people.They include Sir Edmund Hillary (mountaineer), KateSheppard (womens suffragette activist), Queen Elizabeth IIand Sir Apirana Turupa Ngata (Maori politician).Who is the fifth?+15 8
  96. 96. John Lasseter is an animator and director who has worked atboth Disney and Pixar. He has directed several Pixar movies- Toy Story, A Bugs Life, Toy Story 2, Cars, and Cars 2 andis a two time Academy Award winner.He is also the creator of the most famous versions of anunnamed mascot whose nickname is ‗beastie‘. The officialhome page of the mascot says that he ―is very proud of thefact that he does not have a name, he is just the ___ ______.If you insist on a name, call him beastie.‖What is it a mascot of ?+10 9
  97. 97. The ________ is a unit of measurement for exposure toionizing radiation.1 R is the amount of radiation required to liberate positiveand negative charges of one esu (electrostatic unit of charge)in one cc (cubic centimeter) of dry air at standard conditionsof temperature and pressure (STP).Whom is the unit named after?+10 10
  98. 98. It happened in 1951 on his 72nd birthday. He was returningfrom an event in his honour and was not particularly pleasedby the hounding by paparazzi. He reportedly shouted:―That‘s enough, that‘s enough!‖ However, when these wordsdidn‘t have any effect, he grew tired of them and didsomething which became world famous thanks to ArthurSasse. He later described the incident in a communicationwith Howard K. Smith thus, ―This gesture you will like,because it is aimed at all of humanity. A civilian can afford todo what no diplomat would dare. Your loyal and gratefullistener, _. ________ ‘53.‖Who? What happened?+5 11
  99. 99. The name was suggested by Venetia Burney, a 11 years oldgirl from Oxford, England. Her grandfather forwarded thesuggestion to the powers that be. The name wasunanimously selected from a shortlist of 3 in 1930.In 2006, a number was prefixed to the name, as a result of avote of 237–157, with 30 abstentions. The verb form of thename was chosen as 2006‘s Word of the Year by theAmerican Dialect Society, indicating that it gained newprominence in the year.What name?+5 12
  100. 100. Gösta Mittag-Leffler was a Swedish mathematician activeduring the late 19th and early 20th century. He founded themathematical journal Acta Mathematica (1882) under KingOscars patronage. He also maintained a large mathematicallibrary in his villa in Stockholm. After his death, his houseand its contents was donated to the Academy of Sciences asthe Mittag-Leffler Institute.His name is generally associated with an urban legend of thetime. What? 1
  101. 101.  No Nobel Prize is awarded for mathematics because a mathematician was carrying on an affair with Alfred Nobel’s wife. Wrong because of the simple fact that Alfred Nobel remained a bachelor throughout his life. 
  102. 102. ___ _________ is a term applied to the historical conceptof relative peace in the Western hemisphere from the mid19th century and later the Western world after World War II.The earliest recorded use of the phrase was in 1894. In thecontext of the late 20th century, it indicates the military andeconomic position of the United States as a super power.The term is derived from similar concepts proposed todescribe similar periods during the heights of the Romanempire, the British empire and the Mongol empire.The term is also referenced in the title of a 2009documentary on ―the Weaponization of Space.‖ What term? 2
  103. 103.  Pax Americana “American Peace”
  104. 104. Henry Richardson Labouisse, Jr., an American diplomat andstatesman, was the director of the UNRWA (United NationsRelief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the NearEast) from 1954 to 58 in addition to serving as the USambassador to France and Greece. He was the director ofUNICEF from 1965–79 and accepted the Nobel Peace Prizeon its behalf in 1965.His second marriage to Ève Denise _____ Labouisse, makeshim the 5th person in a unique list. What list? 3
  105. 105.  Nobel recipients of the Curie family His wife was Ève Curie, Pierre and Marie Curie‘s daughter
  106. 106. In 2004, at the urging of a local bishop, scientists begansearching for the remains of X at the Frombork Cathedral.X, who had died nearly 450 years back, had worked as acanon (a Catholic cleric) at the cathedral. The skull andbones of a 70-year-old man was discovered, which was theage at which X died. A reconstruction made by forensicpolice based on the skull showed a broken nose and a scarthat resemble a self-portrait of X. DNA tests done with twostrands of hair found in Sweden among his books alsoreturned a positive verdict. In 2010 he was reburied by Polishpriests as a hero in a Catholic Mass at the same spot inFrombork Cathedral.Who? 4
  107. 107.  Copernicus
  108. 108. Even though this word‘s use started in 1849, it was officiallyaccepted only in 1963. The word was probably intended torefer to the discovery of gold in the region. The original1849 text explains ―the success of the miner at work‖ as oneof the reasons behind choosing it. In addition to themeaning of the word, the famous story behind the word alsofeature gold.What word? What is it used as? 5
  109. 109.  Eureka State motto of California
  110. 110. Russian Standard, an alcohol manufacturer, advertises itsvodka as ―made according to a classical recipe‖ of _______________. Their website claims ―At Russian Standardprogress is built upon unshakable insight - chemist _______________‘s ground-breaking formula for perfect vodkadistillation. ... _________‘s perfect balance of 40% alcoholby volume gave Russian vodka a precise formula for whathad been, until then, a process closer to alchemy thanchemistry.‖Who? 6
  111. 111.  Dmitri Mendeleev
  112. 112. A sailor‘s first crossing of the equator is generallycommemorated in navies by an initiation rite. The sailor issubpoenaed to appear before King _______ and his courtand made to go through some embarrassing ordeal.After the ceremony, the sailor is presented a certificate dulysigned by _______.What is the name of the practice? Into whose kingdom arethe sailors being initiated to? 7
  113. 113.  Crossing the Line Neptune
  114. 114. The banknotes issued in New Zealand feature 5 people.They include Sir Edmund Hillary (mountaineer), KateSheppard (womens suffragette activist), Queen Elizabeth IIand Sir Apirana Turupa Ngata (Maori politician).Who is the fifth? 8
  115. 115.  Ernest Rutherford
  116. 116. John Lasseter is an animator and director who has worked atboth Disney and Pixar. He has directed several Pixar movies- Toy Story, A Bugs Life, Toy Story 2, Cars, and Cars 2 andis a two time Academy Award winner.He is also the creator of the most famous versions of anunnamed mascot whose nickname is ‗beastie‘. The officialhome page of the mascot says that he ―is very proud of thefact that he does not have a name, he is just the ___ ______.If you insist on a name, call him beastie.‖What is it a mascot of ? 9
  117. 117.  BSD daemon Mascot of BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution)
  118. 118. The ________ is a unit of measurement for exposure toionizing radiation.1 R is the amount of radiation required to liberate positiveand negative charges of one esu (electrostatic unit of charge)in one cc (cubic centimeter) of dry air at standard conditionsof temperature and pressure (STP).Whom is the unit named after? 10
  119. 119.  Roentgen After Wilhelm Röntgen
  120. 120. It happened in 1951 on his 72nd birthday. He was returningfrom an event in his honour and was not particularly pleasedby the hounding by paparazzi. He reportedly shouted:―That‘s enough, that‘s enough!‖ However, when these wordsdidn‘t have any effect, he grew tired of them and didsomething which became world famous thanks to ArthurSasse. He later described the incident in a communicationwith Howard K. Smith thus, ―This gesture you will like,because it is aimed at all of humanity. A civilian can afford todo what no diplomat would dare. Your loyal and gratefullistener, _. ________ ‘53.‖Who? What happened? 11
  121. 121.  Albert Einstein
  122. 122. The name was suggested by Venetia Burney, a 11 years oldgirl from Oxford, England. Her grandfather forwarded thesuggestion to the powers that be. The name wasunanimously selected from a shortlist of 3 in 1930.In 2006, a number was prefixed to the name, as a result of avote of 237–157, with 30 abstentions. The verb form of thename was chosen as 2006‘s Word of the Year by theAmerican Dialect Society, indicating that it gained newprominence in the year.What name? 12
  123. 123.  Pluto
  124. 124.  Transuranic Elements1. Alfred Nobel => Nobelium2. America => Americium3. Curie => Curium4. Copernicus => Copernicium5. California => Californium6. Dmitri Mendeleev => Mendelevium7. Neptune => Neptunium8. Ernest Rutherford => Rutherfordium9. Berkeley => Berkelium10. Wilhelm Röntgen => Roentgenium11. Albert Einstein => Einsteinium12. Pluto => Plutonium

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