Government of India and promotion of Livelihoods 030410


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Government of India and promotion of Livelihoods 030410

  1. 1. Government of India (GoI) and Promotion of Livelihoods - Key Features of GoI Budget 2010-11 Jitesh Panda Vrutti Livelihoods Resource Centre 3rd April 2010
  2. 2. Three Key Challenges… Achieve higher Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Drought affecting growth in GDP Making Development more Inclusive Strengthening Food Security Strengthening Governance Weakness in systems, structures and institutions
  3. 3. Overall Perspective…. Government to act as Enabler Government to concentrate on supporting and delivering services to the disadvantaged sections of the society
  4. 4. Inclusive Development as Act of Faith…. Thrust on entitlements backed by legal guarantees for an individual's Right to Information Right to Work Right to Education Right to Food (forthcoming)
  5. 5. Importance of Agriculture… To promote inclusive growth To enhance rural incomes and Sustain food security.
  6. 6. Strategy for Agriculture Growth… Agricultural production Reduction in wastage of produce Credit support to farmers and Thrust on food processing sector
  7. 7. Agriculture Production…. Extend the green revolution to the eastern region of the country Focus on Orissa, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Eastern UP, West Bengal Climate resilient agriculture initiative in Green Revolution Areas Focus on soil health, water conservation and preservation of biodiversity Active involvement of Gram Sabhas and Farming families Creation of 60,000 Pulses and Oilseeds Villages Under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) In Rainfed Areas Through integrated intervention for water harvesting, watershed management and soil health
  8. 8. Reduction in wastage of Agriculture Produce…. Incidence of Wastage In Storage and Operation of existing food supply chain Opening up of the Retail Trade Would lead to reduction in farm gate prices, wholesale prices and retail prices Additional storage capacity for Food Corporation of India (FCI) Through private participation
  9. 9. Credit Support to Farmers… Increase in availability of Credit from Banks Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme for Farmers Extension of Repayment Period by 6 Months Two per cent interest subvention as an incentive to those farmers who repay their short-term crop loans as per schedule Effective Rate of Interest to Farmers – 5 % per Annum
  10. 10. Food Processing… Fifteen Mega Food Parks Under Farm to Market Initiative External Commercial Borrowings for cold storage or cold room facility, including for farm level pre-cooling, for preservation or storage of agricultural and allied produce, marine products and meat
  11. 11. Fertilizer Subsidy…. Nutrient Based Subsidy Policy Balance use of Fertilizer Use of Fortified Products Extension Services by Fertilizer Industry Move towards direct transfer of subsidies in fertilizer Increase in Agriculture Productivity Increase in Income of Farmers
  12. 12. Financial Services… Thrust on Financial Literacy Financial Inclusion Business Correspondent and other models with appropriate technology back up Financial Inclusion Fund in National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) Financial Inclusion Technology Fund in NABARD Additional Banking License Non Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) may be provided Banking License Capitalization of Banks - Public Sector Banks & Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) Micro Finance Continuing thrust on Self Help Groups (SHGs) Bank Linkage Strengthening Micro-Finance Development and Equity Fund
  13. 13. Rural Employment …. Thrust on MG-NREGS Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme as Entitlement
  14. 14. Unorganized Sector…. National Social Security Fund for unorganised sector workers to support schemes for weavers, toddy tappers, rickshaw pullers and bidi workers Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana for MG-NREGS beneficiaries having worked for 15 days during preceding financial year Swavalamban - New Pension Scheme (NPS)
  15. 15. Unorganized Sector…. Prime Minister's Council on National Skill Development 50 Crore skilled people by 2022 laid down the core governing principles for operating strategies for skill development Comprehensive Skill Gap Study Three projects sanctioned to create 10 lakh skilled manpower -New projects to come up Extensive skill development programme in the textile and garment sector Involvement of private sector by incentivising training through an outcome - based approach.
  16. 16. Micro Small and Medium Enterprises… Comprises of 2.6 Crore Enterprises which contribute 8 per cent of GDP 45 per cent of the manufactured output 40 per cent of exports Employment to 6 Crores persons High-Level Task Force drew up an agenda for action High Level Council on Micro and Small Enterprises will monitor the implementation of the recommendations and the agenda for action. Higher allocation Rs.2400 Crores in 2010-11 Comprehensive Khadi Reforms Programme through loan from Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  17. 17. Urban Livelihoods… Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana - to provide employment opportunities with focus on Community participation Skill development and Self employment support structures Thrust on Housing and Urban poverty Alleviations
  18. 18. Environment and Climate Change… Thrust on Environment and Climate Change National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF) for funding research and innovative projects in clean energy technologies Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission
  19. 19. Women Empowerment…. A Mission for Empowerment of Women Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Adolescent Girls Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana to meet the specific needs of Women Farmers As a sub-component of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)
  20. 20. Targeted Populations… Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) Additional 50 District Disability Rehabilitation Centres Two composite regional centres for persons with disabilities Higher allocation on schemes for Scheduled Castes, Other Backward Castes, Minorities, PWDs, senior citizens and victims of alcoholism and substance abuse
  21. 21. Specific Geographical focus… Backward Region Grant Fund – to meet infrastructure gap Agriculture Production - Orissa, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Eastern UP, West Bengal Solar, small hydro and micro power projects in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir Additional assistance for Drought Mitigation in Bundelkhand Region
  22. 22. Others… Continuing thrust on Rural Infrastructure through Bharat Nirman Housing Rural Areas – Indira Awas Yojana (IAY_ Urban Areas Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) for Slum Dwellers/Urban Poor 1 % Interest Subvention on Housing Loan up to Rs.10 Lakh
  23. 23. Others… Handicrafts, carpets, handlooms and small and medium enterprises exports…. Interest subvention of 2 per cent on pre- shipment export credit Special Economic Zones (SEZ) for Export Employment
  24. 24. Thank you