Environmental concerns


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Environmental concerns

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  • How are we going to control and solve the threats invovled in urbanisation progress?
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  • The main aim is to remove the socal dis order
  • Massive= large
  • Patrolling= watching , poverty= poor
  • Emission– ectract..
  • Convenience= easy
  • Environmental concerns

    1. 1. Environmental Concerns: Industrialization & Urbanization jitenderanduat@gmail.com 1
    2. 2. Factors Affecting Natural Environment Industrialization Urbanization Population explosion Natural calamities jitenderanduat@gmail.com 2
    3. 3. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 3
    4. 4. Industrialization Industrialization is the process of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agriculture land into an industrial one Part of a wider modernization process, where social change and economic development are closely related with technological innovation Extensive organization of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing jitenderanduat@gmail.com 4
    5. 5. Characteristics of industrialization • The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services. • Individual manual labor is often replaced by mechanized mass production and craftsmen are replaced by assembly lines. • Characteristics of industrialization include the use of technological innovation to solve problems as opposed to superstition or dependency upon conditions outside human control such as the weather, as well as more efficient division of labor and economic growth. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 5
    6. 6. Gross domestic product per capita between 1500 and 1950 jitenderanduat@gmail.com 6
    7. 7. EFFECTS OF Industrialization Growth of Carbon Dioxide jitenderanduat@gmail.com 7
    8. 8. Effects of Carbon Dioxide Global Warming due to Greenhouse Gases, resulting in: • Sea level rise • Increase in Hurricanes • Possible extinction of humans, animals and ecosystems jitenderanduat@gmail.com 8
    9. 9. Electrical Generator Energy Use of energy from Electrical Generator for industries Other Users Energy Consumed by Industrial Plant to Drive Traditional Motors Energy Distribution jitenderanduat@gmail.com 9
    10. 10. Motor Energy Losses Energy Losses Due to Inefficiency of Traditional Motors With industrial plant traditional motor efficiency of about 80%, 14% of energy delivered by power plant is lost. Other Users Useful Energy Consumed by Industrial Plant to Drive Traditional Motors Energy Distribution Showing Losses jitenderanduat@gmail.com 10
    11. 11. Negative Aspects of Energy Utilization jitenderanduat@gmail.com 11
    12. 12.  Malthus main argument was that our world was heading towards social disorder.  Because population would tend to increase in geometric progression (2, 4, 8, 16, 32), whereas food production would increase in arithmetic progression (2, 3, 4, 5, 6) because farmland is limited. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 12
    13. 13. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 13
    14. 14. THE CONCEPT OF URBANIZATION • The concentration of labour into factories has brought about the rise of large towns to serve and house the factory workers. • General increase in population and the amount of industrialization of a settlement. • It symbolizes the movement of people from rural to urban areas. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 14
    15. 15. Features of URBANIZATION • Urban sprawl (increase in the peripheral area of cities) • The city and its infrastructure may not be adequately planned. • Traffic is high with increased time needed for commuting. • Essential services are not reachable within time. • City administration becomes extremely difficult. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 15
    16. 16. CAUSES OF URBANIZATION The three main causes of urbanization1. Rural to urban migration is happening on a large scale due to population pressure and lack of resources in rural areas. This are 'push' factors. 2. People living in rural areas are 'pulled' to the city. Often they believe that the standard of living in urban areas will be much better than in rural areas. They are usually wrong. People also hope for well paid jobs, the greater opportunities to find casual or 'informal' work, better health care and education. 3. Natural increase caused by a decrease in death rates while birth rates remain high. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 16
    17. 17. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 17
    18. 18. EFFECTS OF URBANIZATION Urbanization brings with it several consequences – both adverse and beneficial. They impact on social and environmental areas. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 18
    19. 19. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 19
    20. 20. Urban and rural populations of the world, 1950-2050 jitenderanduat@gmail.com 20
    21. 21. Adverse effects of Urbanization • Increasing competition for facilities due to the high standard of living in urban areas • Growth of slums (urban areas that are heavily populated with substandard housing and very poor living conditions) its leads to- jitenderanduat@gmail.com 21
    22. 22. • Land in security - Slums are usually located on land, which are not owned by the slum dwellers. They can be evicted at any time by the landowners. • Poor living conditions - Crowding and lack of sanitation are main problems. • Outbreak of diseases- Utilities such as water, electricity and sewage disposal are also scarce. • Unemployment - Since the number of people competing for jobs is more than jobs available, unemployment is an inevitable problem. • Crime - Slum conditions make maintenance of law and order difficult. Patrolling of slums is not a priority of law enforcing officers. • Unemployment and poverty force people into anti-social activities. Slums become a breeding ground for criminal activities. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 22
    23. 23. Environmental impacts of urbanization • Temperature - Due to factors such as paving over formerly vegetated land, increasing number of residences and high-rise apartments and industries, temperature increases drastically. • Air pollution - Factories and automobiles are symbols of urbanization. Due to harmful emissions of gases and smoke from factories and vehicles, air pollution occurs. • Water issues - When urbanization takes place, water cycle changes as cities have more precipitation than surrounding areas. Due to dumping of sewage from factories in water bodies, water pollution occurs which can lead to outbreaks of epidemics. • Destruction of Habitats - To make an area urbanized, a lot of forested areas are destroyed. Usually these areas would have been habitats to many birds and animals. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 23
    24. 24. Benefits of urbanization • Efficiency - Cities are extremely efficient. Less effort is needed to supply basic amenities such as fresh water and electricity • Convenience - Access to education, health, social services and cultural activities is readily available to people in cities than in villages. Life in cities is much more advanced, sophisticated and comfortable, compared to life in villages. • Concentration of resources - Since major human settlements were established near natural resources from ancient times, a lot of resources are available in and around cities. A lot of facilities to exploit these resources also exist only in cities. 24 jitenderanduat@gmail.com
    25. 25. Cont.. • Educational facilities - Schools, colleges and universities are established in cities to develop human resources. A variety of educational courses and fields are available offering students a wide choice for their future careers. • Social integration - People of many castes and religions live and work together in cities, which creates better understanding and harmony and helps breakdown social and cultural barriers. • Improvements in economy - High-tech industries earn valuable foreign exchange and lot of money for a country in the stock markets. jitenderanduat@gmail.com 25
    26. 26. Result of urbanization jitenderanduat@gmail.com 26
    27. 27. REFERENCES • • • • • • • • • • • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industry http://www.unescap.org/drpad/publication/integra/volume3/malaysia/3my01a02.ht m en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urbanization http://wgbis.ces.iisc.ernet.in/energy/lake2006/programme/programme/proceedings/ Presentations/Lake%202006%20-%20Presentations/28%20Dec%202006/Session %20IV/Abijith.pdf www.stormwatercenter.net/.../impacts%20for%20smrc/sld001.htm www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080610182856.htm www.investopedia.com › Dictionary www.wiziq.com/tutorial/16063-iNDUSTRIALISATION-OF-INDIA http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/meyer.industrialization http://www.slideshare.net/shivrajsinghnegi/impact-of-industrialization-on-tribalsin-india 27 jitenderanduat@gmail.com
    28. 28. THANKS jitenderanduat@gmail.com 28