Mega whats 2011 answer key


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Mega whats 2011 answer key

  1. 1. MEGA-WHATS 2011 The 3rd National Open Quizzing Championships Conducted byThe Karnataka Quiz Association Est. 1983
  2. 2. MEGA-WHATS 2011 in association with QFI Chennai Bombay Quiz Club, Mumbai Boat Club Quiz Club, Pune Kutub Quizzers, New Delhi SEQC, Goa Hyderabad Quiz Club and K-Circle Grey Cells, Kerala Coimbatore Quiz Circle And the quizzing communities inMysore, Thiruvananthapuram, Kolkata and Guwahati.
  3. 3. The DesignFour sections leading to 100 points1. Section 1 (40 x 1 = 40)2. Section 2 (20 x 2 = 40)3. Section 3 (5 x 2 = 10)4. Section 4 (5 x 2 = 10)
  4. 4. Section 1
  5. 5. Rules1. 40 questions, 1 point each.2. No negatives or half points anywhere in the quiz.
  6. 6. 1According to one theory, the phraseoriginated at fire departments or volunteerhose companies who gave exhibitions oftheir prowess at carnivals or similar events.As per another theory, it refers to thereconnoitering by bootleggers of the routethey plan to use before transporting theirillicit goods along it. What phrase, nowcommonly seen in engineering contexts?
  7. 7. 1Dry run.
  8. 8. 2This ‘agreeable’ primate, native toMadagascar, combines rodent-like teeth and aspecial thin middle finger to fill the sameecological niche as a woodpecker. It is theworld’s largest nocturnal primate, and ischaracterized by its unusual method of findingfood—it taps on trees to find grubs (larvae), thengnaws holes in the wood and inserts its narrowmiddle finger to pull the grubs out. One of thejourneys undertaken in Last Chance to See was tosee this species. Identify. (Visual follows.)
  9. 9. 2
  10. 10. 2The Aye-aye.
  11. 11. 3There are plenty of interesting hypothesesabout the quirk associated with him. CriticEdmund Wilson commented that it was a “asymptom of his immaturity as an artist”.Another school of thought believes that hemay have intended it as a gesture ofhumility. Whatever be the case, seen here isa self-portrait by him. Who? (Visualfollows.)
  12. 12. 3
  13. 13. 3e.e. cummings.
  14. 14. 4The tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa) is aperennial plant related to theagaves, extracts of which are used as amiddle note in perfumery. Its commonname in Hindi means “fragrant atnight” and was used as the title of anacclaimed 1974 movie. Identify itsHindi name. (Visual follows.)
  15. 15. 4
  16. 16. 4Rajnigandha.
  17. 17. 5
  18. 18. 5What you see in the background is anexample of the system devised by himin 1928. It continues to be used today(with some refinements) byactors, athletes, dancers, physical andoccupational therapists. Identify thisHungarian or tell us what he created.
  19. 19. 5Rudolf Laban, who devised Labanotation.
  20. 20. 6What evocative name was used to represent thegroup which included Yusuf Akçura, AyetullahBey, Nuri Bey, Osman Hamdi Bey, Refik Bey,Emmanuel Carasso Efendi, Mehmet Cavit Bey,Abdullah Cevdet, Agah Efendi, Ziya Gökalp,Ahmed Riza, Talaat Pasha, Lewis Daly and TekinAlp? It caught public attention in the early part ofthe twentieth century. The name was never usedofficially by them, rather they worked under anumbrella organisation called Committee ofUnion and Progress.
  21. 21. 6The Young Turks.
  22. 22. 7In an interview, Wendy Northcutt said that ‘arecent heat wave gave her the idea to air-condition her sweltering home: She pried up anoubliette floor grate in her hallway, intending toinstall a fan to suck up the basement’s cooler air.But she left to answer the phone, and hours latershe strode back down the hall and obliviouslystepped into the gaping hole. In the millisecondsas her body swooshed down, she thought “Ohnooooooooooo! I’m gonna win my own ____.”’ Fillup the blank or tell us her claim to fame.
  23. 23. 7 The Darwin Awards—WendyNorthcutt instituted the awards.
  24. 24. 8Red Star Football Club 93(commonly referred to asRed Star) is a Frenchassociation football clubbased in Paris. The clubwas founded in 1897 andcurrently play in theChampionnatNational, the third level ofFrench football. Who wasits founder?
  25. 25. 8Jules Rimet.
  26. 26. 9Subbaraya Sastri (1803-1862) was agifted musician and composed underthe mudra (signature) of ‘Kumara’.Though his compositions are few, theyare said to possess great raga bhavaand present the intricate depths ofmusic. Why is he considered to be oneof the luckiest persons in the field ofCarnatic music?
  27. 27. 9He got a chance to learn music from all3 of the Trinity of Carnatic music (his father Shyama Sastri, Tyagaraja and Muttuswami Dikshitar).
  28. 28. 10Which art form, tracing its origins to wanderingminstrels and stroytellers, has three majorschools: Benares, Jaipur and Lucknow? A lessprominent school, Raigarh, combines techniquesfrom the major schools. Originally, theseperformers entertained audiences in villagesquares and temple courtyards, by recountingmythological and moral tales from thescriptures, and embellishing their recitals withhand gestures and facial expressions.
  29. 29. 10Kathak.
  30. 30. 11Odobenus, the genus name of thiscarnivore, comes from the Greek for “onewho walks with his teeth”. It has 3subspecies: O. rosmarus rosmarus whichlives in the Atlantic Ocean, O. rosmarusdivergens which lives in the PacificOcean, and O. rosmarus laptevi, which livesin the Laptev Sea. A member of the speciesfeatured as an unpleasant character in awhimsical work of fiction published in
  31. 31. 11Walrus.
  32. 32. 12The original purpose of this scientificdiscipline was data to be used bygovernmental and administrative bodies.The term, in the current sense, wasintroduced in German by GottfriedAchenwall in 1749. It was introduced intoEnglish in 1791 by Sir John Sinclair whenhe published the first of 21 volumes titled_____ Account of Scotland. What?
  33. 33. 12Statistics (signifying the “science of state”).
  34. 34. 13In Latin, it means “image” or“apparition”. The word was strictlyused to designate a ghostly opticalafterimage by Goethe in his Theory ofColours and Schopenhauer in On Visionand Colours. From 17th centuryoptics, it started getting used in othercontexts also. Identify this much-maligned term.
  35. 35. 13Spectrum.
  36. 36. 14After whom are such pieces ofmachinery named? A good examplecan be seen at the Station Square inPittsburgh. (Visual follows.)
  37. 37. 14
  38. 38. 14 Henry Bessemer, inventor of Bessemer Process, one of the first inexpensive industrial processes for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron.(The device is a Bessemer converter.)
  39. 39. 15What’s common to the following: DalLake (Kashmir), Gaube Lake (theFrench Pyrenees), Lake Chad(Chad), Lake Nyassa(Malawi/Mozambique), Lake Tahoe(Nevada/California) and Lake Hayq(Ethiopia)?
  40. 40. 15 Tautological names—all of themessentially mean “lake” (or rather “lake lake”).
  41. 41. 16Who comes next in the list?
  42. 42. 16 Ravichandran Ashwin. (The thirdIndian player to score a hundred andtake a five-for in the same Test, after Vinoo Mankad and Polly Umrigar.)
  43. 43. 17Pictures from Montevideo. What arethese or where do these come from?(Visuals follow.)
  44. 44. 17Dry run.
  45. 45. 17Parts of Admiral Graf Spee, which was scuttled in Montevideo in 1939.
  46. 46. 18Mount Sodom is a hill along the DeadSea in Israel. It is made almost entirelyof halite, or rock salt. What name isgiven to the portion shown here by thelocals? (Visual follows.)
  47. 47. 18
  48. 48. 18 Lot’s Wife (who turned into a pillar ofsalt for failing to heed the orders of the angels of deliverance while fleeing from the city of Sodom).
  49. 49. 19According to an apocryphal story, it owesits existence to a section of tightly packedseats behind the home plate at FenwayPark in Boston. These seats were so closetogether that whenever a fan had to standup to get a beer, it caused annoyance topeople nearby. In caught worldwideattention in 1986. What phenomenon arewe talking about?
  50. 50. 19 The Wave or the Mexican wave.(According to the story, when someonestood up, everyone else in the row also had to stand. The fans in the next row, frustrated that they couldn’t see the game anymore, also got up. This created a domino effect of the wave.)
  51. 51. 20Most birds have a ‘furcula’ whosefunction is to strengthen the thoracicskeleton to withstand the rigours offlight. Its common names derive from aplayful tradition involving two people(usually). In the USA, it is alsoassociated with a particular holiday.What common 8-lettered term are welooking for?
  52. 52. 20Wishbone.
  53. 53. 21This Canadian stamp effectively evokesthe main event in a famous poem from a1907 collection titled Songs of aSourdough. Which poem does thisstamp pay tribute to? (Visual follows.)
  54. 54. 21
  55. 55. 21The Cremation of Sam McGee (by Robert Service).
  56. 56. 22His political beliefs—part Quaker, part Socialist—are distilledinto one of the famous statements attributed to him: “People whohave to rely on experts, will be subjugated”. His best-known bookhas its genesis in a spot of illness. While confined to hospital witha persistent throat infection, he turned a series of lectures into a650-page introduction to a subject that lay persons shy awayfrom. His politics is reflected in the title, and in the structure ofthe book, which he described thus: “This book is written to showyou how each step follows historically from the step before andwhat use it will be to you or someone else if it is taken”. Chaptertitles within the book include The Grammar of Size, Order, andShape, The Rise and Decline of the Alexandrian Culture and TheDawn of Nothing. Name either the author or the book.
  57. 57. 22Mathematics for the Million by Lancelot Hogben.
  58. 58. 23According to some online biography of theman, Glynn Christian “is best known in theUK as a BBC-TV chef-traveller and foodjournalist, and has been cooking on Britishtelevision since 1982”. He wrote a booktitled Fragile Paradise after a Royal-Geographical Society-supported sailingexpedition which tries to set the recordstraight on a famous ancestor. Either namethe ancestor or the location to which theauthor travelled.
  59. 59. 23Fletcher Christian or Pitcairn Island.
  60. 60. 24Apart from the family, there are twoother primary sources through whom areliable body of work associated withthis creative personality has beenassembled. These include the 175-year-old Mullamoodu Bhagavathartradition, and the Nadaswaram vidwansat the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple.What body of work are we talkingabout?
  61. 61. 24Swati Tirunal krithis.
  62. 62. 25There are two primary contexts from whichthis 9-letter word may have arisen. One ifthat of the courtier, and the other is that ofthe soldier. Either way, the word may havecome from the term for small instruction-cards. Such things were given at differenttimes to people being presented at royalcourts. They were also given to soldiersbilleted with ordinary citizens in variousparts of Europe. What word is this?
  63. 63. 25Etiquette.
  64. 64. 26The Oxford English Dictionary recordsthe use of this term as a suffix attachedto anything to indicate ‘scandalinvolving’ since 1973. What term?
  65. 65. 26 ‘-gate’.No other answer is acceptable.
  66. 66. 27The speed glue effect changed the nature of a particular sportdrastically. According to legend, the effect was discovered byaccident. A player found his equipment falling apart (erm) andwas advised to stop at the nearby bicycle repair shop where theglue used for setting punctures right was found to have amagical effect on his game. Dragutin Surbek of Yugoslavia isgiven the major credit for popularizing this practice from 1979to 1983. Many coaches and world-class players attribute thedominance of the European players in the WorldChampionships from 1989 to 1993, when Sweden won threeWorld Team Titles, to the discovery of the speed glue effect. Allthis led to changes in the rules of the game to slow thingsdown, and eventually to the banning of the speed-gluingpractice. In which sport?
  67. 67. 27Table Tennis.
  68. 68. 28This brand name, once owned by MeadJohnson, is derived from the Latin for ‘foodor foodstuff’. It was a combination ofwheat, oatmeal and corn meal, with variousvitamins included. It was apparently veryeffective in preventing rickets. The namehowever suffered some sort of demotionwhen it came to denote anything that iseither worthless, without challenge, orbland. What brand-name/word is this?
  69. 69. 28Pablum.
  70. 70. 29The pseudonym used by these collaboratorscombines both their first names, thus offering aSanskrit-Persian blend which theytranslate, rather liberally, as ‘the pleasures of theimagination’. They have been in collaboration forfifteen years now, and their output includes sixbooks for adults, including a healthcompendium, a history of Mumbai’s epidemicsand a thriller novella, as well as 10 titles inPuffin’s Panchatantra series. What pseudonymare we looking for?
  71. 71. 29Kalpish Ratna.
  72. 72. 30What we see here is a stringedinstrument which takes its name from amusically-inclined mythical character. Itis a two-string stick fiddle fromNorthwest India used by bhopa singersto accompany the epic tales of Pabuji, afourteenth century hero. Either identifythe instrument or the character afterwhom it is named. (Visual follows.)
  73. 73. 30
  74. 74. 30Ravanhatta or Ravana.
  75. 75. 31The meat dish ćevapčići or cevapi isserved all over the formerYugoslavia, as also in several otherCentral European countries. This nameis derived from a rough and readyculinary invention created by Persiansoldiers who had nothing butmeat, sword and fire. What is thefamiliar name?
  76. 76. 31Kebabs.
  77. 77. 32The origins of this term go back to agriculture. Itprobably comes from the Greek word for“threshing floor”, and eventually came to mean“circle” or “ring” because cattle would leave hoof-marks in a circle as they moved across thethreshing floor. It travelled thus intoastronomy, into art and even into the socialsciences where it occurs in a phrase used forfallacious beliefs of the sort that clever people areknowledgeable about everything, or thatimplicitly nice people have uniformly ‘nice’attributes. Give either word or phrase.
  78. 78. 32 Halo orHalo Effect.
  79. 79. 33He wrote a book titled Suicide and theMeaning of Civilisation where he advancesthe claim that suicide rates can reflect theinner spiritual character of a culture. Hethus traces the increase in suicide rates inEurope to the decline of Catholicism. Healso went on to serve as the first Presidentof his newly independent country between1918 and 1935. Name this researcher andpolitician or the country.
  80. 80. 33Tomas Masaryk ofCzechoslovakia.
  81. 81. 34This term in anthropology is derivedfrom the Ojibwe language and describesany emblem which either stands for anentire community or for their ancestry.We might also run into a phrase basedon this term in reference to the ways inwhich indigenous communities of NorthAmerica put Western Red Cedar trees touse. Give either the term or the phrase.
  82. 82. 34 Totem orTotem pole.
  83. 83. 35The Head of State nominates sixmembers and the Parliamentnominates the other six. Therequirement is that six must betheologians while the others must bejurists. This body has veto powers overparliament decisions. Either identifythis unelected body, or the countrywhere it wields power.
  84. 84. 35Council of Guardians/Guardian Council or Iran.
  85. 85. 36These sites, in Burundi and Tanzaniarespectively, claim to be the exact spotwhere a famous October 1871 eventoccurred. Historians prefer theTanzanian claim, and believe that theBurundian memorial is for a laterevent. What event? (Visuals follow.)
  86. 86. 36
  87. 87. 36Stanley’s meeting with Livingstone.
  88. 88. 37Tony Malkin’s property goes back to 1931and recently went through a 13 milliondollar facelift which will pay for itself inthree years in the sense that these changeswill lead to a 38% reduction in annualenergy consumption. This also makesMalkin’s property the tallest LEED-certified(Leadership in Energy and EnvironmentalDesign) building in the United States. Whatare we talking about?
  89. 89. 37Empire State Building.
  90. 90. 38When Bruce Metzger oversaw the1989 New Revised Standard Versionof the Bible in American English, hewas careful about making sure that acertain Biblical punishment wasreferred to using the ‘–ing’ formrather than the ‘–ed’ form. What didhe change so carefully?
  91. 91. 38 ‘Stoned’/‘Stoned todeath’ was modified to ‘Stoning’.
  92. 92. 39The bad press it has received goes back toShakespeare, who uses the adjective ‘vexed’ forthis place, and cutely misspells the name. He alsoerroneously supposed it to be Caribbean, a regionwhich is a good one thousand miles away. Theterritory has the worlds northernmost coralreefs. It has received much more bad press in thetwentieth century by association, due to severalsensationalist books and the resulting mediacoverage. Which British territory?
  93. 93. 39Bermuda.
  94. 94. 40This 14-part quiz show in1995, produced by SiddhartaBasu, featured Members Of Parliamentand served as a curtain raiser to thenext year’s general elections. It alsoshares it name with a controversialmovie of the 1970s. Identify.
  95. 95. 40Kissa Kursi Ka.
  96. 96. Section 2
  97. 97. Rules1. 20 questions, each with 2 parts.2. Each part carries 1 point.
  98. 98. 1He set out on this climb in June 1802 and camevery close to completing it. The peak inspiredthese lines: “It detaches itself from theneighbouring summits and towers over thewhole chain of the Andes like the majestic domeproduced by the genius Michelangelo…”. He alsoproduced two very different representations ofthe peak—one a watercolour, and the other ascientific diagram. (a) Name this person and (b)the mountain peak. (Visuals follow.)
  99. 99. 1(a) Alexander Humboldt.(b) Chimborazo.
  100. 100. 2The first Earl of Avon ended his political careerin disgrace after a military misadventure 55years ago, code-named Operation Musketeer. Hewent on a vacation to a famous location inOracabessa, Jamaica following the fiasco. TheThatcherite historian Norman Stone saw thiscoincidence as ironically appropriate anddescribed it “as one imperial fantasy meetinganother”. (a) Either identify this Earl of Avon orthe misadventure. (b) Where did he go onvacation?
  101. 101. 2(a) Sir Anthony Eden/Suez Crisis.(b) Vacationed at Goldeneye with Ian Fleming.
  102. 102. 3This term is derived from the Latin words for‘many’ and ‘writing’. Originally used for authorswho could write on many different topics. Theterm was applied in the 19th century to amachine that duplicated writing—one owned byThomas Jefferson is shown in the visual. Thesame term is used nowadays for a device whichrecords several physiological indices at the sametime. (a) What term? (b) What melodramaticsynonym is now used for this device? (Visualfollows.)
  103. 103. 3(a) Polygraph.(b) Lie-Detector.
  104. 104. 4This 1982 single is a collaborationbetween a Black American musicianand a pop-star from Britain. Its title isan elaborate play on words whichaccommodates a plea for racialharmony, as also the now-proscribedmaterials traditionally used for pianokey-boards . (a) Name both themusicians. (b) Name the single.
  105. 105. 4(a) Stevie Wonder & Paul McCartney.(b) “Ebony and Ivory”.
  106. 106. 5The Aldabra group of islands in Seychellesis home to Aldabrachelys gigantea, a specieswhich rejoices in the same common nameas another species, Chelonoidis nigra, foundin another territory that is half in theNorthern Hemisphere, and half in theSouthern Hemisphere. Give us (a) thecommon name that these distinct speciesshare, and (b) name the other territory.
  107. 107. 5(a) Giant Tortoise.(b) Galapagos.
  108. 108. 6Ab ____ was a barn-burning sharecropper andformer horse-thief and fathered the characterswho dominate a trilogy comprising TheHamlet, The Town, and The Mansion. In thefictional landscape created by a Nobellaureate, they represent the lowest strata.Internet users are likely to have heard of thisfamily as a result of a service run by Barbara andDavid Mikkelson. (a) Give the missing surname.(b) Name the Nobel laureate.
  109. 109. 6(a) Snopes (after which is named).(b) William Faulkner.
  110. 110. 7Two sound devices associated with the highend and the low end may be arrived at if yourun your eyes over this pair carefully.Generic images. Name both.
  111. 111. 7(a) Tweeters.(b) Woofers.
  112. 112. 8In 1965, a woman researcher created thissubstance X while trying to find a replacement forthe heavy steel cords used in tyres. Herb Bladesdevised a process that made its manufacturecommercially viable. The first commercialrelease, in 1971, was titled X 29. The secondgeneration, released in 1988, was named X 129. In1995, X Correctional, which apparently provided‘puncture resistant technology’, was introduced.There is also an X Protera, a name chosen becauseit reflects the greater protection this versionoffers. (a) Name the company and (b) the brand.
  113. 113. 8(a) DuPont.(b) Kevlar.
  114. 114. 9The third value, if you limit the systemto a finite class of objects, is the normand is therefore computed as 1.0. Thefirst and second values are respectively0.39 and 0.723 while the penultimatevalue is 19.18 and the eighth value is30.06. (a) What is this finite set? (b) Onwhat basic computation are thesevalues based?
  115. 115. 9(a) Planets of the Solar system.(b) AUs or Astronomical Units are calculated using the distance between Earth and the Sun as the norm.
  116. 116. 10The Catholic theologian Peter Bungus publishedNumerorum Mysteria, or the Mystery ofNumbers, in 1584. He decided that the numbers1-10 correspond to the letters A-I, that 10-90somehow correspond to the letters K-S, and thatT-Z carried values ranging from 100-500.Despite these manoeuvers, he was unable to getthe two sets of six letters in X’s name to add up inthe desired way. He then added the letter A toachieve this result. (a) Who was the target of thisfine effort? (b) What result was Bungus hopingfor?
  117. 117. 10(a) Martin Luther.(b) The letters making up 666 (Number of the Beast).
  118. 118. 11The picture on the left is a stylisedrepresentation of a naturalphenomenon, while the one on the right is amore mathematically accurate version ofthe same. This sort of arrangement is one ina class of several named in tribute to theman who first discussed the possibility in1636, riffing on an idea provided byArchimedes. (a) What naturalphenomenon? (b) Also name the terminallyfamous lawyer who lends this sort of figure
  119. 119. 11
  120. 120. 11(a) Arrangement of seeds/florets in Sunflower.(b) Fermat (Fermat Spiral).
  121. 121. 12According to Neil MacGregor, this 1830swork, printed on mulberry paper and about A3 insize, is “a hybrid work, a fusion of Europeanmaterials with native sensibility. No wonder it isso loved in Europe; it is an exotic relative, not acomplete stranger”. He makes this argument onthe basis that though the work has “many subtleshades of yellow, pink and grey, it is the deep richblue that dominates, and startles”. This is aneighteenth-century invention from present-dayGermany, sold by Dutch traders in several partsof the world. (a) What work? (b) What
  122. 122. 12(a) Hokusai’s Wave.(b) Prussian Blue.
  123. 123. 13The text, apparently is pretty dull—“mostly bureaucratic jargonabout tax concessions”, to quote an expert. What it actually doesis allow a bunch of priests to congregate in the spiritual capitalevery year rather than in the swank new political capital. It wasput up in 196 BC at Sais, and then moved 40 miles to anothertown, from which it gets its name. There is text in a fourthlanguage on this object, and it reads “captured by British soldiersin 1801 and presented to King George III”. Though a Frenchman’sname is closely associated with this object, it was a Britishpolymath, famous for his experiments with light, who made thefirst breakthrough in sorting out the mystery around the object.(a) What is the object? (b) Also name the British polymath.
  124. 124. 13(a) Rosetta Stone.(b) Thomas Young.
  125. 125. 14French economist Alfred Sauvy used theterms X, Y and Z in a newspaper article in1952. He was drawing a parallel betweenthe world situation, post-war, and theEstates in France after the Revolution. Theterms X and Y seemed to denote competingideological dispensations in his analysis.We don’t hear the term Y so much anymore, but X and Z are still in use. (a) Whatis the term Y? (b) Give either X or Z.
  126. 126. 14(a) Second World.(b) First World or Third World.
  127. 127. 15These two memorable demonstrations ofpeople’s power took place in the same yearin the 1960s—one in January, the other inMay. The first, called Pražské jarolocally, came to a bad end. The other didn’tfare much better, its most iconic imagebeing huge heaps of uncleared garbage.Both have inspired films, novels-turnedfilms, and much general hoo-ha. Identifythe two events.
  128. 128. 14(a) Prague Spring.(b) The 1968 Paris student riots.
  129. 129. 16(a) The reference to the fruit is believed to be a pun for the lead found in mines in the Mendip Hills, Somerset. The person referred is believed to be steward to Richard Whiting, the last abbot of Glastonbury before the dissolution of the monasteries under Henry VIII. What are we
  130. 130. 16(b) The earliest reference to the previous answer was in a ballad by Henry Carey published in 1725. Either name Carey’s work, a satire on fellow writer Ambrose Philips, who had written poems for the young children of his aristocratic patrons; or tell us Philips’ claim to fame.
  131. 131. 16(a) Little Jack Horner. (Plum is supposed to refer to ‘plumbum’.)(b) Namby Pamby. The phrase originates from Carey’s nickname for Philips.
  132. 132. 17(a) It is a device that allows continuous linear or rotary motion in only one direction while preventing motion in the opposite direction. It is used in clocks, hoists, roller coasters, spanners, turnstiles etc. What 7-letter term are we looking for? An example is shown in the following picture.
  133. 133. 17(a)
  134. 134. 17(b) In cars and other similar vehicles, such a mechanism is integral for the working of which part used directly by the drivers?
  135. 135. 17(a) Ratchet.(b) Hand-brakes.
  136. 136. 18(a)
  137. 137. 18(a) This structure was “being eaten away” by the marks you see. It has been restored recently and a protective glass barrier erected. Identify the structure.(b) What was causing the damage to it?
  138. 138. 18(a) Oscar Wilde’s tomb at the Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris.(b) Lip marks/lipstick left by adoring fans.
  139. 139. 19The Tears Dress and the SkeletonDress from the Circus Collection of1938 were the result of collaborationbetween which two mavericks? Theyalso created the Lobster Dressfamously worn by Wallis Simpson in aseries of photographs by CecilBeaton, and the Shoe Hat. (Visualsfollow.)
  140. 140. 19
  141. 141. 19(a) Elsa Schiaparelli.(b) Salvador Dali.
  142. 142. 20(a) What is this?(b) The inscriptio n recalls fundamen tal principles laid out by whom?
  143. 143. 20(a) The Pritzker Prize for Architecture.(b) Vitruvius (“firmitas, utilitas, venustas”).
  144. 144. Section 3
  145. 145. Kangaroo Round1. 5 questions, each with a pair of questions where one answer can be found by removing some letters from the other answer. (For example, instructor  instructor = tutor)2. The order of letters is not changed.3. We are not saying whether the first or the second answer has all the letters.4. Consider surnames where applicable.
  146. 146. 1 (a)The Japanese language is written with acombination of three scripts: Chinesecharacters called kanji, and two syllabicscripts made of modified Chinesecharacters, hiragana and ____. The third isprimarily used for transcription of foreignlanguage words into Japanese and thewriting of loan words, as well as torepresent technical/scientific terms, andthe names of plants and animals. What?
  147. 147. 1 (a)Katakana.
  148. 148. 1 (b)It was one of the traditional Japaneseswords worn by the samurai. It ischaracterized by its distinctiveappearance: a curved, slender, singleedged blade, circular or squaredguard, and long grip to accommodatetwo hands. Identify.
  149. 149. 1 (b)Katana.
  150. 150. 2 (a)With whom would you connect the following?
  151. 151. 2 (a)Sergei Eisenstein.(Ivan the Terrible, AlexanderNevsky, Grigory Potemkin)
  152. 152. 2 (b)He appeared on the cover of TIMEmagazine dated 31 December, 1999. Theaccompanying article said: “Withoutfanfare, he helped scores of Jewish refugeesget into an unwelcoming U.S., including ayoung photographer named PhilippeHalsman, who would take the most famouspicture of him (reproduced on the cover ofthis issue).” Who?
  153. 153. 2 (b)Albert Einstein.
  154. 154. 3 (a)He was a Greekhistorian, soldier, mercenary, philosopherand a contemporary and admirer ofSocrates. He is often cited as being theoriginal “horse whisperer”, havingadvocated sympathetic horsemanship inhis treatise On Horsemanship. Hiswritings, especially the Anabasis (about theexpedition against the Persians), are oftenread by beginning students of the Greek
  155. 155. 3 (a)Xenophon.
  156. 156. 3 (b)This element was discovered in theresidue left over from evaporatingcomponents of liquid air by WilliamRamsay and Morris Travers in 1898. Itis used in flash lamps and lasers. It isalso used as a general anesthetic andin treating brain injuries. Identify.
  157. 157. 3 (b)Xenon.
  158. 158. 4 (a)Which 2011 movie was the firstfeature animation done by IndustrialLight & Magic, generally a specialeffects company? It also marked adeparture for its director who wasassociated with large-scaleproductions earning billions of dollarsat the box office.
  159. 159. 4 (a)Rango.
  160. 160. 4 (b)
  161. 161. 4 (b)This Andean stringed instrument ofthe lute family was traditionally madewith the shell of the back of anarmadillo. It has made appearances inmultiple works by Gustavo Santaolalla.Identify.
  162. 162. 4 (b)Charango.
  163. 163. 5 (a)Domenico Modugno’s signature song “Nelblu dipinto di blu” (“In the blue, paintedblue”) became the first Grammy winner forthe Record of the Year and the Song of theYear in 1958. It is the only foreign-language recording to achieve this honor.Covered more than 100 times andparodied by football fans, its popular nameis the Italian for “to fly”. Identify.
  164. 164. 5 (a)“Volare”.
  165. 165. 5 (b)He adopted a pseudonym in 1718following his incarceration. It was seen bymany to mark his formal separation fromhis family and his past. The name echoedthe syllables of the name of his familyhouse in reverse order. Some believe thathe would have intended it to also conveyits connotations of speed and daring. Itwas also an anagram of the Latinizedspelling of his surname. Who?
  166. 166. 5 (b)Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet).
  167. 167. Section 4
  168. 168. Hop, Skip and Jump1. 5 questions with 3 variables in each— X, Y, Z2. Identify the missing variables.3. While answering please enter the variables, or whatever is asked for, into the (a) and (b) slots in order.4. 1 point for each.
  169. 169. 1X wrote these lines in an introduction to a 1977book: “Clouds are not spheres, mountains arenot cones, coastlines are not circles, and bark isnot smooth, nor does lightning travel in astraight line”.Y was his teacher at the institute Z, famous forits science courses, and for preparingtechnocrats for admission into the civil services.If Z is the Ecole Polytechnique, France, name Xand Y.(Visuals follow.)
  170. 170. 1Y:
  171. 171. 1Z:
  172. 172. 1X: Benoit Mandelbrot.Y: Gaston Julia.
  173. 173. 2The plant species Ceratonia siliqua is betterknown by the common name X. It producesa seed-filled pod. The seeds may bepowdered and blended with another plantproduct Y. X’s other claim to fame is thatthe seeds were used as a standard ofmeasurement in ancient times and thismay have led to the name Z for a particularunit of measurement. If Y is cocoa, give Xand Z. (Visual follows.)
  174. 174. 2
  175. 175. 2X: Carob Bean.Z: Carats.
  176. 176. 3X wrote a letter in 1912 to his wife Kathleenwhere he said “I had looked forward to helpingyou bring the boy up…. Make the boy interestedin natural history if you can. It s better thangames.” The son referred to, Y, was named afterhis godfather Z’s most famous literary creation.Y went on to do many things in natural historyincluding the idea of Red Data Books whichprovided data on endangered species. If X is theexplorer Robert Falcon Scott, identify Y and Z.
  177. 177. 3Y: Peter Scott.Z: J.M. Barrie, whose Peter Paninspired Peter Scott’s name.
  178. 178. 4X was a radical figure who was deportedfrom the United States. She travelled tothe USSR just in time to captureTrotsky’s massacre of the protesters atKronstadt. Her fiery speeches inspired ane’er-do-well named Y to knock off aman Z whose name lives on in amountain peak, albeit shakily. If Y was aLeon Czolgosz, name X and Z.
  179. 179. 4X: Emma Goldman.Z: William McKinley.
  180. 180. 5The British researchers X1 and X2 were repeatingthe Nobel-winning experiments of the 1904laureate Y when they discovered a set of bodilyprocesses. The two decided that they needed aword for an agent released into the blood streamthat stimulated activity in a different part of thebody. They turned to a classical colleague, W.T.Vesey (an authority on the Greek poet, Pindar)and asked him. He offered them Z, based on theGreek verb for ‘excite’ or ‘arouse’. If X1-X2 areStarling and Bayliss, who is Y and what is Z?
  181. 181. 5Y: Ivan Pavlov.Z: Hormone.
  182. 182. Research and Contortions Kiran Vijayakumar Arul Mani