Strategy: Concept AttainmentI. Objectives A. Enumerate the different animal groups under vertebrates (Cognitive) B. Discuss the distinguishing characteristics of the different animal groups under vertebrates(Cognitive) C. Classify animals to the different groups using vertebrate animal models (Psychomotor) D. Develop awareness and responsibility in protecting wildlife by presenting a video on the exploitation of animal resources of the Philippines (Affective)II. Topic A. Title: The Vertebrates B. Materials: 1. Visual Aids (The Vertebrates) 2. Pictures (Wildlife Exploitation) 3. Animal models C. References: Rabago, Functional Biology Capco, Biology Ramos, Biology Teacher StudentsIII. Preliminary Activity A. Greetings “Good morning class!” “Good morningMa’am/Sir!” B. Prayer “Let us pray first. Miss Adajar, kindly lead the prayer.” (Miss Adajar will lead the prayer) C. Setting the classroom “Please pick up the pieces of paper (Students will pick up the pieces of trash under your chairs and throw it in the under their chairs.) trash can or you may temporarily put them in your bags and throw it after class.” “You may take your seat.” (Students take their seats)
D. Attendance checking “Ms. Secretary do we have any “I am glad to say that we don’t have any absentees for today?” absentees for today Ma’am/Sir!” “Very good!”E. Recall “Last meeting, we have discussed about invertebrates.” “Ms. /Mr. _____can you give concept (Student recites) regarding the animals that are “Invertebrates are animals that possesses no considered as invertebrates?” vertebral column or backbone. Some examples are starfish, corals, worms, and insects” “Thank you. Ms./Mr. _______”F. Motivation “Now, before getting on to another interesting topic for today, I have prepared for you an activity.” “In front are miniature models of animals. Each of you will be getting animal of your choice, so each of you will receive one”. “Ms/Mr. _____, we’ll start with you, so kindly get one”. “Ms./Mr. ______, (Ms/Mr. _____ will pick the animal of you’re the last” his/her choice”) “After all have got their animals, you will find your group. The grouping will be based on the similarity of appearance or structure of the animals that are with you right now. I’ll be giving you five minutes to find your group. “Is this clear?” “Yes Ma’am/Sir! “You may start!” (Students will roam around to find their
respective groups) “Are you done class?” “Yes Ma’am/Sir! “Now, prior to your grouping, have you “Ma’am/Sir, this animals have supporting bone observed any commonality for ALL the in their back unlike those of invertebrates” animals? “Precisely!” “What do you think is our topic for today?” “Animals with backbone, or the vertebrates”IV. Lesson proper “Our topic for today is all about vertebrates, vertebrates are animals that have backbone or vertebral column” “Class, how many groups have you “Five ma’am/sir” formed?” “Five, because vertebrates are classified further into five groups or classes. “We will name this five groups but before that we will try first to find out the characteristics of the animals in your group” “Yes ma’am/sir!” “Is that clear class?” “Yes ma’am/sir!” “Are you excited?” “Yes ma’am/sir!” “So let us start first with group____ (fishes), group _____ are you ready? Kindly stand-up and go in front”
“So group ____, what can you say withthe animals that you get?” (Students will arrive to the following answers) They breathe with gills. They are cold blooded. Their skin is covered with scales and bony plates. They lay eggs and sometimes have live births. An example of a fish is a gold fish and a shark.“Okay class, the followingcharacteristics laid upon by group_____ belongs to the class Pisces or theGroup of Fishes”“Are there questions class?” “None Ma’am Sir” “So let us now move on with group____ (amphibians), group _____ are you ready? Kindly stand-up and go in front”“So group ____, what can you say with (Students will arrive to the following answers)the animals that you get?” They breathe with lungs and gills. They are cold blooded. Their skin is smooth and moist.“Okay class, the following Their birth of young is eggs.characteristics laid upon by group The examples are frogs, salamanders,_____ belongs to the class Amphibia or newt, and mud puppies.the Group of Amphibians” “None Ma’am Sir”“Are there questions class?” “So let us now move on with group____ (reptiles), group _____ are you ready? Kindly stand-up and go in front” (Students will arrive to the following answers)“So group ____, what can you say with They breathe with lungs.the animals that you get?” They are cold-blooded. Their bodies are covered with dry scales.
They lay eggs. Black snakes, bearded dragons, Turtles, Crocodiles, and Alligators are reptiles.“Okay class, the followingcharacteristics laid upon by group_____ belongs to the class Reptilia or “None Ma’am Sir”the Group of Reptiles”“Are there questions class?”“So let us now move on withgroup____ (birds), group _____ areyou ready? Kindly stand-up and go in (Students will arrive to the following answers)front” Birds breathe with lungs. They are warm-blooded.“So group ____, what can you say with They are covered with feathers.the animals that you get They give birth to eggs. Examples of birds would be a red bird, hawk, and chicken. Some unusual birds are the ostrich, flamingo, and penguin.“Okay class, the followingcharacteristics laid upon by group “None Ma’am Sir”_____ belongs to the class Aves or theGroup of Birds”“Are there questions class?”“So let us now move on with the lastgroup____ (mammals), group _____ (Students will arrive to the following answers)are you ready? Kindly stand-up and goin front” Mammals breathe with lungs. They are warm blooded.“So group ____, what can you say with They have hair/fur.the animals that you get Some are egg-laying and most give
birth to live young. They possess marry glands to nourish their young Some examples are bears, lions, tigers, and people. Some unusual example are bats, whales, and dolphins “Okay class, the following characteristics laid upon by group “None Ma’am Sir” _____ belongs to the class Mammalia or the Group of Mammals” “Are there questions class?” “You have done very well today class!” Now that we’re done discussing the distinction for every group of “Yes ma’am/sir!” vertebrates. Let’s move on to the next activity. I will show you a clip regarding the exploitation of our indigenous vertebrates here in the Philippines”. “Are you ready?”V. Values Integration A. Responsibility “Now you have learned already concepts regarding the classification of animals under vertebrates. As a human person what should we consider in protecting our animal wildlife and their habitat?” “Yes Mr./Ms.________” “First of all, we must be responsible and become continuously aware. There are laws provided for the protection of our wildlife and the law demands our obedience. I can protect their habitat by simply protecting our environment and by not patronizing the
illegal selling of these animals. These animals are the beauty of our nature, be it wild or not.” “Very well said Mr./Ms._______”VI. Summary A. Student summarizes -“Okay class. Let’s now have a summary of what you have learned from our lesson today.” -“Mr. / Ms. _____can you please share “Yes Ma’am/Sir. Today, I have learned that the to us what you have learned.” vertebrates are those animals that possess backbone or vertebral column. They are further classified into five groups namely, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Fishes are aquatic vertebrates that are having moist skin covered in scales, are breathing through gills, laying eggs and some giving birth to live young, and are cold-blooded. Amphibians are able to live in land and in water. They breathe through lungs and gills, with moist skin that is generally smooth, cold- blooded, and egg-laying. Reptiles on the other hand breathe with lungs only. They are cold- blooded, with dry skin covered in scales and egg-laying. Birds also breathe through lungs and are egg-laying. They are warm-blooded and their skin is covered with feathers. They have wings that generally make them fly. Finally, Mammals also breathe through lungs and are warm-blooded. Their skin is covered with hair or a fur. Some of them are egg laying and some give birth to live young. Distinctively, they possess mammary glands to nourish their young. Also, I learned that responsibility should be considered in protecting our wildlife. “Very well said Mr./Ms.________”VII. Evaluation
-“Do you have any questions on our “None Ma’am/Sir” topic for today class?” -“If none, kindly spread out, let’s have a quiz” (A ten-item quiz will be given to the (Students spread out and start answering the class) quiz)VIII. Assignment A. Dolphins and whales are mammals that live in aquatic environment, how they can survive underwater if they only have lungs and don’t have gills like the fishes? Limit your answer to three (3) sentences only.
EVALUATION The VertebratesA. MULTIPLE CHOICE Instruction: Write the letter of your answer before the number. 1. All of the following group of words are classes of vertebrates EXCEPT? a. Annelids, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fishes b. Arthropods, fishes, birds, mammals, reptiles c. Fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals d. Fishes, amphibians, birds, echinoderms, reptiles 2. What is the breathing organ of the fishes? a. Blow hole c. Lungs b. Gills d. Swim bladder 3. What is the mode of giving birth to offspring in reptiles? a. Laying eggs c. Both a and b b. Giving birth to live young d. Neither a nor b 4. To what group of vertebrates are armadillos classified? a. Fishes c. Reptiles b. Amphibians d. Mammals 5. Which of following presence of structure made mammals distinct from other groups? a. Heart c. Sebaceous glands b. Mammary glands d. Skin B. FILL IN THE BLANKS Classify each organism using the following abbreviations: F –Fishes B - Birds A – Amphibians M - Mammals R – Reptiles _____ 1. Whale ______12. Tiger _____ 2. Eagle ______13. Iguana _____ 3. Shark ______14. Turtle _____ 4. Chimpanzee ______15. Owl _____ 5. Tilapia ______16. Bat _____ 6. Cobra ______17. Hippopotamus _____ 7. Frog ______18. Bull frog _____ 8. Alligator ______19. Tuna _____ 9. Salamander ______20. Crocodile ______10. Polar Bear ______11. Bangus