Introduction One of the sources of a teenagers’ acceptance, trust and understanding is theirpeer. They usually replace their family with their friends as the center of youngindividuals’ social life. A lot of students have been influenced by the pressure of theirpeers and as a result they become confused. A student’s behavior is affected by hisor her peer because he or she who spends more time with their peer, rather than his orher family. Peers may give a positive influence and help to challenge or motivatestudents to do their best. On the other hand, peers may give a negative influence andmay mislead us to what is wrong. Peer pressure usually sets in during adolescence period and teenagers – likecaterpillars who are just beginning to get out of their home-cocoons are the mostvulnerable persons in the so-called “university of life”. It is very important for theyoung people to know what conformity or peer pressure plays in their personal andinterpersonal growth so that they face the pressures of today’s complex andcompetitive world. (Rosana, 2003, p.14) The effect of giving in to peer pressure is what sociologist David Reisman calls an“other –directed personality”. The teen develops a sixth sense which enables him tofeel out what others expect him and then act accordingly. In other words, a teen willcompromise his own identity in order to be accepted by his peers. The second major
cause for giving into peer pressure is fear. Fear keeps teenagers from being their ownunique selves and usually expresses itself in several ways. A teen may fear what hisfriends will think of him. As a result, most teenagers try to build relationships and theirreputations without offending anyone. (Kesler, 1984, pp. 359-360) To know more about this topic, we will conduct a research about peer pressure andits effects. Specifically, this research aims to answer the following questions: 1. How do peers affect the student’s behavior in school? 2. What are the different types of peer? 3. How will students deal with peer pressure?Mainly, this research will benefit the students on how to deal with the different typesof peer pressure. Secondly, the parents will find a way on how to oppose negativepeer influences that mislead their children. Lastly, teachers will also benefit from thisresearch because it will be a guide to the teachers on how to deal with their studentsand their peers. This research will focus only on the effect of peer influence in the behavior of astudent in school. It will involve the positive and negative effects of peer influence.However, it will not focus mainly on the academic performance of a student.