Chapter 1- Research in Ecology

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  • 1. Chapter I INTRODUCTION Like other developing country, waste management has become a majorproblem in the Philippines for the past years. Waste management means thecollection, transportation, processing, recycling and disposal of waste materials.These waste materials are either solid, liquid, semisolid, contained gas or otherforms resulting from industrial, commercial, mining or agricultural operations, orfrom community and household activities that is devoid of usage and discarded.(Philippines’ Republic Act No. 9275) Waste transport and handling varies from region-to-region and country-to-country, but there are waste management concepts that are universally acceptedand implemented. One example is the 3Rs or Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Butbecause of ignoring such waste management concepts, it creates both healthand environmental problems like extinction of many wildlife species that havebeen threatened due to widespread logging and pollution brought by improperwaste disposal, this is due also to the inability of the national and localgovernments to implement proper waste management. Mismanagement of wastehas serious environmental consequences: water contamination, local flooding, airpollution, exposure to toxins, and spread of disease. Many of the disposal sitescontain infectious material, thus threatening sanitation workers and waste-pickers. Education is considered to be one powerful tool in making the peopleaware of the importance of resource management. Teaching the people
  • 2. regarding the unparalleled scale and speed of environmental pollution anddegradation and how they can and are going to contribute to enhancing theenvironment’s present condition.If people are given the chance to be educated properly, and if they havediscipline, problems like improper management of waste material would beeradicated.Statement of the Problem The study dealt with the assessment of present condition of proper wastemanagement in selected barangay of Sta. Ana, Manila. Specifically, this research aimed to answer the following questions: 1. What are the most common solid waste problems present in eachbarangay? 2. Are the people aware of proper waste management? 3. Are the people applying proper waste management?Significance of the Study Mainly, this research will benefit the different barangay’s in Sta. Ana,Manila on how to deal with the effective implementation of waste managementprograms. Secondly, the people of each barangay will be aware of the differentsolid waste problems in their barangay and help them carry out solutions to such.Lastly, the government will also benefit from this research because it will provide
  • 3. them information regarding whether the people are applying proper wastemanagement or not.Scope and Limitation of the Study This research focused only on the assessment of present condition ofproper waste management in selected barangay of Sta. Ana, Manila. Also, itspecifically involved Solid waste management only. The study used surveys as its instrument of gathering data from 10respondents, with the age of 15 and above, in each barangay. Moreover, theresearch lasted for about 1 month.