Greening ict programme meeting slides2


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Lightening Talk slides from the JISC Greening ICT Programme Meeting, March 2011

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Greening ict programme meeting slides2

  1. 1. Lightening  Talks  •  5  Slides  per  project  •  Speak  for  two  and  a  half  minutes  •  Slides  on  screen  for  30  seconds  each  •  Slides  automa<cally  advance  •  You’ll  know  when  it’s  <me  to  go!  
  2. 2. Virtually  Sustainable   Peter  James  and  Lisa  Hopkinson   SusteIT,  University  of  Bradford  Videoconferencing  (VC)  and  other  virtual  meeEng  technologies  as  a  means  of  reducing  travel-­‐related  energy  and  carbon  Builds  on  15  years  previous  research  CollaboraEon  with  WVN  
  3. 3. Surveys  Surveys  in  5-­‐10  universi<es  on  staff  use  of  virtual  mee<ng  technologies  –  quan<fy  travel  impacts  Survey  of  university  travel  managers  from  over  40  universi<es  and  colleges  Survey  of  JANET  VC  users      
  4. 4. Virtual  Events  Conferencing,  Edinburgh,  Aug  2010  The  V-­‐Factor,  4  Welsh  sites,  Feb  2011  (with  Welsh  Video  Network)  E-­‐learning  best  pracEce,  Bradford,  April  2011  
  5. 5. Cases  &  Briefing  Papers  Coleg  Meirion-­‐Dwyfor/Llandrillo  -­‐  un<l  recently  ~25%  of  all  the  UK-­‐wide  calls  handled  by  the  JANET  VC  Service.   Glenda DaviesUniversity  of  Bedfordshire  -­‐  uses  VC  to  reduce  travel  and  improve  communica<on  between  5  campuses.   John Wells
  6. 6. Final  Report  Provisional  UK  conclusions:  Considerable  use,  but  JANET  a  minority  Hunger  for  more  Key  barriers  –  ease  of  use,  informa<on,  technology  focused  support  
  7. 7. Carbon  Management  Plan   JISC    Greening  ICT  Programme  (Phase  II)  Computer  Room  Efficiency   Improvement  
  8. 8. Carbon  Management  Plan  Background   •  Our  Computer  rooms  (Data  Centres),  host  around  2,500  servers  •  They  support;    Imperial  College,  Natural  History  Museum,  Royal  College   of  Music  and  Janet-­‐LMN  •  This  project  focuses  on  our  primary  Data  Centre  (two  main  rooms),   housed  in  a  tradiEonal  1960’s  building  •  Annual  consumpEon  is  circa:   7,500,000  kWh                      £500,000    4,000  tCO2  •  Room  One  PUE  =  1.32                                Room  Two      PUE  =  1.52  •  Target  5%  reducEon  in  PUE  
  9. 9. Carbon  Management  Plan  Project  Approach  •  Phase  1  –  DefiniEon,  modelling  &  recommendaEons   –  Document  current  baseline   –  Use  of  thermal  imaging  and  data  logging   –  Model  potenEal  soluEons  and  make  recommendaEons  •  Phase  2  –  ImplementaEon  recommendaEons  &  measure  effecEveness   –  AnEcipated  implementaEons  include   •  Cold  aisle  containment   •  Free  cooling   •  Elevated  computer  room  temperatures  etc   •  UPS  usage  review  and  re-­‐deploy   –  Measure  effecEveness  of  improvements  •  Phase  3  –  ReporEng  &  disseminaEon   –  Document  analysis  of  outcomes  and  place  in  public  domain  
  10. 10. Carbon  Management  Plan   Data  Centre  Photos   Present Cold Aisle Containment High density CO2 CoolingExtend Cold Aisle containment Low Ceilings: Challenge to Free Air Cooling Option: (further 56 racks) Return Hot Air to CRACs Supplement Existing Chilled Water
  11. 11. SusTEACH:  Sustainable  Tools  for  the  Environmental  Appraisal  of  the  Carbon  impacts  of   Higher  Educa<on  teaching  models  using  ICTs.   Professor  Andy  Lane  and  Dr  Sally  Caird  
  12. 12. HE  teaching  systems  use  energy  in  a  variety  of   ways  
  13. 13. How  can  ICTs  reduce  energy  use  in  HE   alongside  other  factors?  
  14. 14. Developing  a  toolkit  for  helping  reduce  energy   use  hbp://  
  15. 15. CUSTOMERSTudents Optimisation and Management Energy Resources
  16. 16. Twit
  17. 17. DUALL  DeliberaEve  approach  to  the  living  lab   Dr  Richard  Bull  and  team.   March  7th,  2011  
  18. 18. Aims:  •  To  understand  the  role  of  ICT  in  reducing  energy  consump<on  of  a   large  scale  public  building  through  the  design  of  an  ICT  interface   connec<ng  building  users  to  their  electricity  consump<on.  ObjecEves:  •  To  design  and  test  an  ICT  tool  connec<ng  building  users  to  their   energy  consump<on.    •  To  engage  in  an  innova<ve,  delibera<ve  upstream  approach  in  the   design  of  the  applica<on.    •  To  understand  the  extent  to  which  building  users  can  impact  the   performance  of  the  environment  they  are  in.  •  To  understand  the  impact  of  ICT  interfaces  on  user  behaviour  
  19. 19. Baseline  Evalua<on  &  Switch  off    
  20. 20. Delibera<on/Engagement  with  users  
  21. 21. Cool IT
  22. 22.  PROCO2    Re-­‐engineering  procurement  (PRO)  Reducing  carbon  dioxide  emissions  (CO2)  and  enabling   sustainability   Dr.  Richard  Bull  &  team.       March  7th,  2011  
  23. 23. DE  MONFORT  UNIVERSITY  World-­‐class  university  situated  in  Leicester,  with  more  than  18,000  students  and  3,000  staff,  five  facul<es  offering  around  400  courses  and  an  annual  turnover  in  the  region:  £132.5  million   INSTITUTE  OF  ENERGY  AND  SUSTAINABLE  DEVELOPMENT  Leading  research  ins<tute  conduc<ng  innova<ve  and  groundbreaking  research  into  renewable  energy,  sustainable  development  and  public  engagement   ARUP  Mul<disciplinary,  engineering,  design,  planning  and  environmental  consultancy.  Widespread  experience  on  scope  3  emissions  analysis,  stakeholder  engagement  and  change  management  
  24. 24. DMU  Greenhouse  Gas  Emissions  by  Sector   and  by  Scope  (2008/09)  
  25. 25. Aim:  To  develop  an  ICT  based  decision  making  tool  to  enable  DMU  to     reduce  scope  3  emissions,  notably  procurement  Objec<ves:   –  Link  financial  and  environmental  accoun<ng  for  procurement  in  the  ICT  tool   and  database   –  Increase  awareness  on  the  environmental  impacts  of  purchasing  goods/ services  and  support  decision-­‐making  towards  sustainable  procurement   –  Understand  issues  of  organiza<onal  learning  and  ins<tu<onal  change.   –  Contribute  to  the  financial  and  environmental  sustainability  and  resilience  of   the  organiza<on  through  reducing  procurement  spend  and  their  associated   GHG  emissions  by  reducing  consump<on.    
  26. 26. U-­‐CARE:    UniversiEes’  CollaboraEve  Approach  to  Reducing  Energy   A collaboration between IT Services and Estates Services An investigation into excess energy consumed to regulate the temperature in: • Lab environments • Server rooms
  27. 27. U-­‐CARE  Aim   Reduce energy usage and carbon emissions generated by ICT and users of ICT in specific environments by programming heating controls based on: •  Occupancy levels •  Machine usageCurrently, overshoots in energy usage arecommon due to heating/cooling triggers beingbased on thresholds
  28. 28. U-­‐CARE  Methodology  3  main  work  packages:  WP1:  Establish  benchmark  energy  consump<on  levels,               (before  and  awer  technical  development)  WP2:  Monitor  facility  usage,  occupancy  levels  and  user   sa<sfac<on  WP3:  Develop  a  sowware  applica<on  in  line  with   requirements  (trended  and  analysed  data  etc)  
  29. 29. U-­‐CARE  Outputs/Deliverables   •  Sowware  applica<on  capable  of  interopera<ng  with  hea<ng/ cooling  system  to  reduce  overshoots  in  energy  usage   •  Open  source  sowware  where  possible   •  Scalable  solu<on  across  Strathclyde’s  estate   •  Transferable  to  other  ins<tu<ons?   •  Suppor<ng  informa<on,  FAQ,  installa<on  guide   •  Reports   •  Metering  and  monitoring  data   •  Evalua<on  of  outcomes  including  energy  and  cost  savings,  changes  in   user  sa<sfac<on  levels   •  Feasibility  of  informing  building  usage  op<misa<on  and  mobile  phone   applica<on  development    
  30. 30. U-­‐CARE  Date  of  comple<on:  30th  June  2012   Contact:       Tel:  0141  548  4753  
  31. 31. Green  ICT  in  London  HEIs    Baseline  study  of  pan-­‐London  Green  ICT  issues  • 19  of  42  publicly  funded  London  HEIs  • Suste-­‐IT  carbon  footprin<ng  toolkit  • Case  studies  of  best  prac<ce  • Explore  work  outside  of  HE  sector  • Recommenda<ons  on  funding  priori<es  • Officers  
  32. 32. Why?  •  Changing  aztudes  towards  energy  consump<on  •  Cut  energy  bills  •  Reduce  impact  on  the  environment  
  33. 33. Greening  Events  II  Building  on  Greening  Events  1  
  34. 34. Stakeholder  Engagement  
  35. 35. Baseline  ‘scope  3’  data  
  36. 36. Toolkit  Produc<on  
  37. 37. Culture  Change  
  38. 38. Measuring  Data  Centre  Efficiency   Colin  Paznson,  Roland  Cross   Leeds  Metropolitan  University  
  39. 39. OOPS! A perfect example of the difference between precision and accuracy.The grid reference … is precise to within 10m however its accuracy is somewhat limited!TL9137 9726 is near the village of Thompson in Norfolk.Even allowing for the typo on the sheet letters it would be about 74m out.If the sign had said “somewhere in Essex” it would have been accurate but not precise
  40. 40. Sites  •  Inverness  College  –  Longman  Campus  •  Perth College – Brahan Building, Crieff Road Campus –  Limited  life  building  –  five  years  max  before  move  to  new  out-­‐of-­‐town   Longer planned life building, with no recent flooding o  campus   o  Largest of the three sites – most potential to use recovered energy ? –  Largest  of  the  three  sites  –  most  poten<al  to  use  recovered  energy  ?   Urban 1960’s style building will be a UHI datacentre o  –  Urban  1960’s  style  technical  college  and  now  a  UHI  datacentre   •  UHI – Ness Walk building o  HQ building – under 100 occupants o  Original UHI datacentre – largest potential source of recoverable energy ? o  Three heating plants (one per floor) o  Basic design: 1802 listed building shell, refurbished 2005 •  Lews Castle College – Stornoway campus o  Small semi-rural further education college o  Basic design: several standalone buildings from 1960’s to present day o  IT energy use planned to shrink and move away to main UHI datacentres
  41. 41. Heat  and  Light  by  Timetable   Colin  Paznson,  Roland  Cross,  Mark   Warner,  Jim  Fisher   Leeds  Metropolitan  University  
  42. 42. What’sPAWS? W S PA What is it? How long is the project? External institutions involved
  43. 43. WhyPAWS? Commercial Products Free products Customise it to our requirements
  44. 44. Goals? Build on Previous Green ICT Projects Open Source Institutional benefits Help meet CO2 reduction aspirations Contact: Rob Johnson, View our blog at
  45. 45. The  Growth  of  Unstructured  Data  
  46. 46. How  much  Power  do  Idle  Disks   Consume?    NB:  These  disk  arrays  do  not  have  “spin-­‐down”  features.  
  47. 47. File  Modifica<on  Dates  
  48. 48. How  much  Energy  can  we  Save?  
  49. 49. Helping  people  to  demonstrate   savings    StorC  (Storage  Calculator)     Web-­‐based  modelling  tool    For:     Engineers     Decision  Makers     IT  Managers    Shibbolized  to  simplify  returning  to  previous   work.  
  50. 50. Open to ChangeOpen data + social capital = altruistic punishment
  51. 51. Do we believe this kind of graphic willpersuade people to act?
  52. 52. Will this make it better?
  53. 53. What do individuals need to feel comfortable in doingtheir bit?1. To believe others in their groups are contributing  2. To believe the contribution is meaningful in the real world  in other words:  •  To feel confident a few people are not cheating the system  •  At least not enough to mean net energy consumption continues to rise
  54. 54. Towards altruistic punishment byUniversity of Oxford:  •  David Balch  •  David White  •  Howard Noble  •  Ken Kahn  De Montfort University:  •  Richard Hall  •  Richard Bull  Lincoln University:   •  Joss Winn
  55. 55.  Greenview    Dr.  Richard  Bull  &  Prof.  Mar<n  Rieser     March  7th,  2011  
  56. 56. DE  MONFORT  UNIVERSITY  World-­‐class  university  situated  in  Leicester,  with  more  than  18,000  students  and  3,000  staff,  five  facul<es  offering  around  400  courses  and  an  annual  turnover  in  the  region:  £132.5  million   INSTITUTE  OF  ENERGY  AND  SUSTAINABLE  DEVELOPMENT  Leading  research  ins<tute  conduc<ng  innova<ve  and  groundbreaking  research  into  renewable  energy,  sustainable  development  and  public  engagement   INSTITUTE  OF  CREATIVE  TECHNOLOGIES    The  Ins<tute  Of  Crea<ve  Technologies  (IOCT)  is  a  unique  research  environment  which  sits  at  the  intersec<on  of  science  and  technology,  the  arts  and  the  humani<es.    
  57. 57. Aim:  To  design  a  smart  phone  and  web   based  applica<on  enabling  building   users  to  understand  the  energy   consump<on  of  the  buildings  across   DMU.  Objec<ves:  •  To  help  the  extent  building  users  impact  the   performance  of  the  environment  they  are  in.  •  To  further  understand  the  poten<al  of   augmented  reality  tools  to  engage  individuals  in   behaviour  change  ini<a<ves.            The  principle  idea  is  to  reveal  the  level  of  energy   varia5ons  in  near  real  5me    in  precise  university   building  loca5ons  using  augmented  reality  tools   on  common  smartphones.  
  58. 58. Empedia  and  Augmented  Reality  The Empedia ( platform has been developed under a KTP agreementbetween De Montfort and Cuttlefish Multimedia for iphone and Android platformsIt will be enhanced with an Augmented reality browser for Greenview applications
  59. 59.              Nicola  Hogan,  Project  Manager                  JISC  funded  SUSTE-­‐TECH  project     examining  Sustainable  ICT  in  UK  FHE’s
  60. 60. Recruited  16  ins<tu<ons,  mix  of  FE  and  HE,  from   Y&H,  SW  and  SWa.  Each  submibed  a   completed    Suste–IT  Tool  and/or  an  Ac<on   Plan:  Results  of  which  indicated  :     •  Servers  ,  PC’s  and  Networks    are  the  main   consumers  of  ICT  related  energy.  Followed  by  Imaging,  HPC,  and  VC  equipment  
  61. 61. RECSO  -­‐  Responsible   Energy  Costs  in  IT  David  Aaron  Thomas  &  MarEn  Bennel   Forum  for  the  Future  
  62. 62. Stage  1  Report  •  Few  IT  centres  or  departments  pay  their  own   energy  bills  or  have  a  good  knowledge  of   what  their  energy  costs  are  •  Crea<ng  a  situa<on  where  IT  func<ons  can   benefit  directly  from  reduced  energy   consump<on,  either  financially  or  otherwise,   is  vital  if  the  sector  is  to  develop  greener  IT    
  63. 63. Stage  2  –  Target  Areas  •  Devolved  energy  budge<ng  •  Shared  savings  schemes  •  Whole  life  cos<ng  •  Sub-­‐metering  
  64. 64. Stage  2  -­‐  Outputs  •  Guidance  documents  and  case  studies  (from   within  and  outside  the  sector)  •  Working  with  partner  ins<tu<ons  to  assist   ac<on  in  the  target  areas  •  Organising  events  to  highlight  best  prac<ce   and  develop  prac<<oner  networks  •  Developing  linkages  between  key   stakeholders,  such  as  finance  and  IT