History Tennis is a sport played with rackets that dispute between two players (singles) or between two pairs (doubles). It originated in Europe in the late nineteenth century and expanded in the first place in the English-speaking countries, especially among its upper classes. At present tennis has been universalized, and is played in almost all countries of the world. Since 1926, with the creation of the first tour, is a professional sport. It is also an Olympic sport since Seoul 1988, as he had lost that category in 1924.
Measures of the runway
The tennis is played on a rectangular track. Their actions vary depending on the mode in which they play (singles or doubles). For singles measured 23.77 meters long and 8.23 meters wide. For doubles, is the same length and width is 10.97 meters. These limits are marked by lines, which are considered part of the stadium. A network divides the track into two halves, which are divided opponents. The height of the net at the poles is 1.07 meters (42.13 inches), and in the middle of 0914 meters (35.98 inches). From each side of the net, there are two rectangles, which measured 6.40 meters long (20.99 inches) and 4.11 meters wide (13.48 inches), which serve only to determine whether a kick is valid or not.
A game of tennis starts with the pull of one of the players, which should hit the ball so that this boat inside the box opposite the side that takes, that is if a player draws from his right, the ball should throw in the left box, but always in the box attached to the network, on the side of his opponent. For each item that draws the player has two opportunities, if the first fails, you have one more. In the event that the kick hit the ball in the net and go to the track of the opponent and enters the square out, is repeated. In case the kick is valid, it starts a peloteo in which the players, or couples, opponents hit the ball alternately. The point ends when one player does not return the ball properly, either by not hitting the ball before this jackpot twice in his side, hitting and not getting in the boat or the side of the opponents, or beat with your body or any object other than the racket that has, in either case the point goes to the player or computer opponent
Counting and Technical
A tennis match is made up of sets, the first to win a predetermined number of sets is the winner. Each set is composed of games. The first to win 4 points with a minimum difference of 2 points is the winner of the game, in the event that neither of the two players or teams have an advantage from two points to reach four wins the first game that strikes a Unlike 2 points. . The counting of points is quite particular: when a player wins his first point his tanteador is 15, wins 2 points when 30, and when you win 3 points 40. Example: If the game takes punch earned 3 points and 1 point for receiving the marker is 40-15. Whenever the score of appointing the first punch. When both players tie at 40 is said that there were "Deuce" or "equal". The first player or team that wins a point after Deuce achieves an "advantage" in case of winning the next point, get the game, otherwise it will again be in Deuce until there is a difference of two points.
The technique tennis is a sport that requires players to master techniques of strokes, grips, and displacement effects.
During the beating the party will use different types of strokes, each with their respective techniques, the most commonly used are:
Smash or auction
Remove and Drive
The draw is more important coup tennis because it is going to kick the point and its proper application can be allowed to punch in a position of advantage after the return or achieve a draw or win "ace" earned point without the impact rival the ball. The benefit supports several different types of effect (cut, plane or LIFT), which require amendments to the empuñadura.El second serve, often seek greater security in the outcome. This often serves LIFT and cut to cause the greatest difficulty rival since those serves are often dangerous to change the direction of the ball or the speed of the boat later.
The drive is the core coup. Is to hit the ball after the boat, directly, on the same side of the arm skilful player. For most of the players is the key weapon to win a point and more
Against drop ,Smash or auction,Approach great Willy The drop tends to be the appropriate response to a drop shot, which the player arrives just before the second bote.Por so the player only has the option of a mild stroke on the merits, or against a drop, it is another drop shot response, this time made from near the net. The smash hit or auction is high, top-down before the ball bote.Para be effective it is essential that this is a very powerful blow which does not give opportunity to reply to the contrary, since it is always of a coup definición.El coup is being prepared outlining the body, bringing the racket back and putting it behind the neck, while the free hand points to the top, toward the ball. At the time of impact the back foot going forward, while leaving behind the racket body in a movement similar to the draw. At the time of impact the ball, bending the wrist should be down, ending the coup in a similar way to remove it. The approach or coup approximation is usually performed as a blow drive or reverse, which aims to allow the arrival of the player to the network, in order to define the point there, with a volley or a smash. It is an unusual coup, usually in desperate situation when the ball has gone to the player, which is to hit below the legs back to the network. It takes that name because it was invented by the Argentine tennis player Guillermo Vilas.
Setback,Volley, Drop shot
The setback is a blow to the side opposite to drive. Despite being a coup natural mechanics, often one of the greatest costs come to dominate when you start in tennis. It is very important to the position of the body, which should be placed in profile, used as técnica.Volea .
The volley of blows or air, the coup was carried out before the ball jackpot. It is usually performed near the net to define a point. Because of the closer proximity to the player's opponent, is a blow that needs to be done with great speed and reflection.
The drop shot is a coup in which he subtracts power to the ball with the intention that falls as close to the network side contrario.La preparation for the coup is similar to the preparation of the drive (or reverse), be maintained until the last moment, wait for the opponent a shot at the bottom.
Ways of attacking the ball.
In different strokes the ball can be impacted in different ways, so as to give meaning and paths that would make the repayment.
Ball "brushed" from the bottom up, to produce the top spin. Ball "cut" from top to bottom, to produce the spin top slice.El literally in English "top-down effect" is a kind of impact the ball, by which it is "brushed" from the bottom up, "wrapping "The same with a twist of the wrist, imposing a forward rotation, which means that when the ball boat, leaving farewell upward and forward, sending his rival backwards. The effect allows to hit the ball with greater energy.
The blow cut or slice slice (of English "slip") is the reverse effect to the top spin because the ball takes a backward rotation that leads to "slip" to bounce, forcing the other to have to hit the lowest .
The plane hit plane is one that is done without printing any effect on the ball.
Side spin, the side spin or "side effect" is an effect that can be used both in the coup from the right as in the backhand and is hitting the ball through the side, thereby taking a sideways trend toward combada sides of the track.
Back spin, the spin back or reverse effect, makes the ball back after bouncing back.
Globe, The Globe is a warped draft that is used to pass over his rival. It runs both as a backhand drive.
Rules of the game and surfaces
Each set is played to the best of 6 games with at least 2 games of each other. Of the two players to reach the same in a Sept. 5, must be played to the best of 7 games to keep the two sets of difference.
Each game is played by counting the points on a scale of 15-30-40-Game. If both players reach equal to 40 (equal, or Deuce in English) should continue playing until two points of difference. To be equal players in the scale that is applied is Advantages ( "service" or "off")-Game.
There are four basic types of surface on which tennis is played: Lawn Clay (brick dust, gravel or clay green) Dura Synthetic indoor or folder.
At present the players are arranged in a kind of ranking called "Ticket System" (Entry Ranking), which joined the points earned by players in the last 52 weeks, or approximately one year