Life as Balance
Philosophy Essence Belief Truth Origin Balance
Question Existing Belief <ul><li>Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Significance </li></ul><ul><li>Formulation </li></ul><ul><li>Int...
Knowledge Without Action is Dead <ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding </li></ul><ul>...
  Platform of Belief <ul><li>Essence Belief </li></ul><ul><li>Truth Origin </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Balance </li>...
ESSENCE <ul><li>The Most Essential and Vital Part of an </li></ul><ul><li>Idea or Experience </li></ul><ul><li>The Attribu...
Aristotle Stated: <ul><li>Essence remains the Nature of a  </li></ul><ul><li>Thing throughout its change from </li></ul><u...
ESSENCE <ul><li>The full nature of what God is…the  </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic or Indispensable Properties </li></ul><ul>...
George Santayana states: <ul><li>The essence of a being is simply everything about it, independent of the question of exis...
Jean Paul Sarte: <ul><li>“ Existence precedes Essence.”  In as much as “essence” is a cornerstone of all Metaphysical Phil...
ESSENCE <ul><li>The centrality of our Essence is equal to our Belief </li></ul><ul><li>Our Essence defines us within the w...
  Essence <ul><li>Realized in life at varying ages </li></ul><ul><li>Most fail to realize and act upon the enormity of tha...
  Essence <ul><li>Discover and Development of One’s Essence has significant importance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ontological ...
  Pursuit of Essence <ul><li>The pursuit of excellence, never accepting a diminished reality…or one Directed by someone el...
  Pursuit of Essence <ul><li>Our Definable and Perceptible Significance in life is wholly contingent upon that which we ar...
  ESSENCE <ul><li>In Spiritual traditions…The Soul has been  </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptualized as the center of  </li></ul>...
Descarte/Essence <ul><li>What a Man Thinketh So a Man is </li></ul><ul><li>If Man didn’t Exist, he couldn’t think…therefor...
Descarte/Essence <ul><li>Descarte concludes: That being a thinking thing is the only essence of Human Nature and therefore...
Aristotle/Essence <ul><li>A Definition is a phrase signifying a thing’s Essence </li></ul><ul><li>It is a collection of ne...
Aristotle/Essence <ul><li>Essence is Form….Form Must be Part of the </li></ul><ul><li>World….Therefore….It Must be in the ...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>What is the Origin of Knowing? </li></ul><ul><li>How Do We Know? </li></ul><ul><li>Why Do We Know? </li><...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>What is the Essence of Truth? </li></ul><ul><li>Belief has always had a center…a Point of Origin </li></u...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>Discovering the Origin of Truth, the Basis for that which We Believe can only be accomplished via “Decons...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>Discovering the Origin of What Needs to be Understood; Why It is so Important; What Meaning it Holds Pers...
Reality is Simply put…That which Exists Material reality   Non-Material Reality (Ideas)   Matter and Energy Reality is Obj...
Truth must be in agreement with    Reality <ul><li>Objective Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Trut...
Deconstruction assumes every claim to    the Truth is Null and Void <ul><li>Deconstruct our understanding of established “...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>“ The Metaphysical and Theological idea of an “originary” presence is so deeply flawed.  No System of Tho...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>“ A Vision of the Whole that is active and eternally present to itself in everything that can be differen...
There is No Religion Higher than    Truth  (Holmes) <ul><li>Truth does Exist </li></ul>
  PLATO: <ul><li>“ Knowledge is Reminiscent of the Soul, a recalling of things interiorly known. Truth like Divinity, alre...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>“ For one Man to demand from another that He shall believe like Himself, whether in a Question of Religio...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>“ Enlightenment will Grow in us only as we Ourselves Grow, and We can safely leave that Process to the Hi...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>Therefore, What is Origin and Why is it so Important? </li></ul><ul><li>Origin is the Place where Somethi...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>  Marcus Aurelius stated: </li></ul><ul><li>“ This Universal Nature is Named Truth and is the Cause of al...
  ORIGIN <ul><li>ORIGIN = TRUTH </li></ul><ul><li>  TRUTH = GOD </li></ul>
  BELIEF <ul><li>What is Belief? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it Defined? </li></ul><ul><li>How Do we Know? </li></ul><ul><li>...
  BELIEF <ul><li>Belief according to Webster is a “State of Mind in which Trust, Confidence or Reliance is placed in some ...
  BELIEF <ul><li>Defining How We Believe and What determines What We Believe is to Identify and Understand Historical and ...
  BELIEF <ul><li>Reliability of Knowledge has been a Primary focal point of contentious argumentation. </li></ul><ul><li>D...
BELIEF <ul><li>Knowledge is Considered to be Legitimate…Belief remains questionable. </li></ul><ul><li>  WHY? </li></ul><u...
  BELIEF <ul><li>Clearly and Distinctly designates a Definitive relationship between the Believer and a certain Propositio...
  BELIEF <ul><li>History…By all Standards, is the only explanatory method of Analysis that can be applied to Understanding...
  BELIEF <ul><li>Examining the Cultural evolution of a society via the eyes of Legal Principles or through the ever changi...
  BELIEF <ul><li>To fully Understand one’s Belief’s; Examine a precise Point in History..What was occurring, How it develo...
  BELIEF <ul><li>At the Very Essence of Our Belief System…That which permits Us to make Judgments, to Make Assertions, to ...
BELIEF <ul><li>Aristotle called the “Categories of Understanding,” the concepts of Time, Space, Substance, Causality, Indi...
  BELIEF <ul><li>What We believe in…is the Result of Direct Interpretation of Pre-Existing Sentiments and in order to Unde...
  BELIEF <ul><li>As Society develops, the Unified Manner in which the Collective Unite within a Belief becomes Representat...
  BELIEF <ul><li>What Truly Sanctifies our Belief, Our Belief in a “Deity” or that which is Symbolic thereof…is Bestowed u...
  BELIEF <ul><li>How We Determine Our Beliefs and their subsequent Interpretation…Can and Generally are Determined by the ...
Clifford Geertz: <ul><li>“ In Many respects, Religious Beliefs become the Template for Social Structure; not only are Reli...
  BELIEF <ul><li>One’s “Belief’s” or One’s Religious Belief’s are not merely in the Metaphysical Realm. </li></ul><ul><li>...
  BELIEF <ul><li>The Ethos of a People is best defined in relation to Their Tone, Character, as well as in terms of the qu...
  BELIEF <ul><li>Forms a Picture of and an Interpretation of Life…Exposing Their Concept of Nature and Self-Identity </li>...
  BELIEF <ul><li>What a Man/Woman Thinks and therefore, the Way they Interact with the World have been Pre-Determined…By M...
  BELIEF <ul><li>Man’s Collective Belief; His Religion is an Integral Part of His Very “Essence”…Something Inescapable…Req...
  TRUTH <ul><li>Belief and Truth…are they Synonymous? </li></ul><ul><li>How do We Know or Determine Truth? </li></ul><ul><...
  TRUTH <ul><li>Pragmatically: Truth or the problem of Truth…Assertions can only be proven if it is Best for all of Us in ...
  TRUTH <ul><li>Greek  Philosophers claimed Truth and Knowledge could be known. </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle asserted the i...
  TRUTH <ul><li>Descarte chose to separate mind and body…The Mind acted separately…thus was incapable of being in direct c...
Can There be Universal Truth? <ul><li>The Basis for this is through Philosophy and Linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Reveal Tr...
  TRUTH <ul><li>The Determinant factor in Life…Culturally Interpreted and Metaphorically Communicated </li></ul><ul><li>Tr...
Marcus Aurelius: <ul><li>“ I Cannot Comprehend how any Man can want Anything but the    Truth” </li></ul>
  TRUTH <ul><li>The very Essence of this World…it isn’t that it is outside of Power or Lacking in Power…Truth is very Powe...
  TRUTH <ul><li>Truth is Produced </li></ul><ul><li>There exists a “Regime” of Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Truth is defined vi...
Michael Focault: <ul><li>Truth has “5’ Traits (as defined by Focault) </li></ul><ul><li>Centered on Scientific Discourse <...
Truth Becomes the Function of the  Intellect via Position <ul><li>Class Position </li></ul><ul><li>Political Demands </li>...
Truth can be Systematized <ul><li>Via the very Power that Produces and Sustains it </li></ul><ul><li>The Effects of that P...
  How is Truth Determined? <ul><li>Accomplished via the Construction or Reconstruction of Cultural Realities </li></ul><ul...
  TRUTH <ul><li>Man Searches for It </li></ul><ul><li>Man Examines It </li></ul><ul><li>Fights Wars over It </li></ul><ul>...
  TRUTH <ul><li>Culture Defines our Thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Culture Defines our Interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Cultu...
“ Anthropologically, what is significant and important is that factually…Concepts of Truth have been linked directly to no...
TRUTH AND RELATIVISM <ul><li>Relativism recognizes the importance of the Social Environment in the determination of Our Be...
TRUTH AND POST-MODERNISM <ul><li>Truth considered elusive, polymorphous, subjective…prone to introspection </li></ul><ul><...
  What is truth? <ul><li>Truth is necessary within the Human Context…Defining What is Truth, How it should be applicable i...
  CONFUCIUS: <ul><li>Those Who Know the Truth are not Equal to those that Love It…The Object of the  Superior Man is Truth...
The Journey for Truth Should Lead Us  from Doubt to Certainty <ul><li>One’s Journey in Life should Determine the course of...
When those around Us have Chosen not to Explore the truth, have not sought Right from Wrong, Good from Evil, Light from Da...
  TRUTH <ul><li>In Our Pursuit of Truth, It is There We Must Redefine Ourselves, Explore Our Essence as We “Peel” the Onio...
Nietszche: <ul><li>Man can have at His disposal Absolute Truth, how it is chosen to be processed, interpreted, manipulated...
One’s Belief in Truth begins with the Doubt of all the Truths One has Believed hitherto.   Nietszche
Philosophy/Theology have always and will always be the determinant of man’s interpretation of life, what is true, what det...
Truth must transcend actuality and that which we experience as it calls us to a higher level of integrity and the subseque...
TRUTH <ul><li>Truth Extends beyond our comprehension of “humanity” of not being in the realm of the ordinary, but the extr...
TRUTH <ul><li>Our Charge should be to dissect the Truth, Unlayer it, Find Out what is True…Not that which Other’s would ha...
  TRUTH <ul><li>Truth will Demonstrate itself in our Essence, in Our very Being…Manifesting in Action and in Speech…not on...
  BALANCE <ul><li>  Life Begins with Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and Matter </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and Negative <...
  BALANCE <ul><li>Balance = The Integration of    Elements…Internally and </li></ul><ul><li>Externally </li></ul><ul><li>B...
MARCUS AURELIUS: <ul><li>“ The measure of man’s life is a point, a perpetual ebb and flow, sense perception vague and shad...
  Marcus Aurelius: <ul><li>“ Men are continuously seeking retreats for themselves, in the country, or by the sea, or among...
  Marcus Aurelius: <ul><li>“  I am composed of the material and the formal.  Neither of these can perish and sink into not...
  BALANCE <ul><li>KNOWLEDGE   TRUTH </li></ul><ul><li>What You Know </li></ul><ul><li>What is Known </li></ul><ul><li>Epis...
  BALANCE <ul><li>If that which is known, should be known is not…Based or Founded in…TRUTH…Balance “doesn’t” exist…Thus, t...
  BALANCE <ul><li>Our goal should be the enquiry of Knowledge and Truth…To Discover Origin and realize One’s Essence withi...
  BALANCE <ul><li>Balance can be Equated, Therefore, Through that which is “Visible”, the “Invisible” things of GOD would ...
  BALANCE <ul><li>Through Sensory Experience we develop an Understanding of the Material…Through Analysis and the Intellec...
  BALANCE <ul><li>Understanding the “Necessary” can only be accomplished through that which is contingent, GOD Being Neces...
  BALANCE <ul><li>There is a distinction between Essence and Existence…between that which is Abstract and the Concrete…Thi...
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Balance Being12302006 200pm

  1. 1. Life as Balance
  2. 2. Philosophy Essence Belief Truth Origin Balance
  3. 3. Question Existing Belief <ul><li>Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Significance </li></ul><ul><li>Formulation </li></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporation / Interaction </li></ul>
  4. 4. Knowledge Without Action is Dead <ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Wisdom </li></ul><ul><li>ACTION </li></ul>
  5. 5. Platform of Belief <ul><li>Essence Belief </li></ul><ul><li>Truth Origin </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. ESSENCE <ul><li>The Most Essential and Vital Part of an </li></ul><ul><li>Idea or Experience </li></ul><ul><li>The Attribute making an Object, </li></ul><ul><li>Substance or Individual what it is </li></ul>
  7. 7. Aristotle Stated: <ul><li>Essence remains the Nature of a </li></ul><ul><li>Thing throughout its change from </li></ul><ul><li>“ Potentiality” to “Actuality.” </li></ul><ul><li>Essence is the necessary defining </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristic of a thing </li></ul>
  8. 8. ESSENCE <ul><li>The full nature of what God is…the </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic or Indispensable Properties </li></ul><ul><li>that serve to characterize or identify </li></ul><ul><li>something. The inherent, unchanging </li></ul><ul><li>nature of a thing </li></ul>
  9. 9. George Santayana states: <ul><li>The essence of a being is simply everything about it, independent of the question of existence </li></ul>
  10. 10. Jean Paul Sarte: <ul><li>“ Existence precedes Essence.” In as much as “essence” is a cornerstone of all Metaphysical Philosophy and the grounding of Rationalism. Existence and Actuality precede Essence </li></ul>
  11. 11. ESSENCE <ul><li>The centrality of our Essence is equal to our Belief </li></ul><ul><li>Our Essence defines us within the world and to yourself </li></ul><ul><li>That which we were created for…Our very Being…The Soul of Our Being and Who and What we are. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Essence <ul><li>Realized in life at varying ages </li></ul><ul><li>Most fail to realize and act upon the enormity of that momentous revelation </li></ul><ul><li>The choice we make in life ultimately defies us personally/professionally in lieu of the pursuit or non-pursuit of our Essence as defined within creation </li></ul>
  13. 13. Essence <ul><li>Discover and Development of One’s Essence has significant importance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ontological importance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Defining us within the World Realm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why and What we believe in our life are determinants in the pursuit of that life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What has meaning </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What has importance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What has significance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Pursuit of Essence <ul><li>The pursuit of excellence, never accepting a diminished reality…or one Directed by someone else…Choices made in accordance within One’s defined Essence </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pursuit of Essence <ul><li>Our Definable and Perceptible Significance in life is wholly contingent upon that which we are willing to Risk…Mediocrity…or… </li></ul><ul><li>Excellence </li></ul>
  16. 16. ESSENCE <ul><li>In Spiritual traditions…The Soul has been </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptualized as the center of </li></ul><ul><li>Consciousness, Subjective experience, moral </li></ul><ul><li>Judgment, Reason, Will and most </li></ul><ul><li>Important…One’s Essence…That which </li></ul><ul><li>Makes each one of us Who and What </li></ul><ul><li> We Are! </li></ul>
  17. 17. Descarte/Essence <ul><li>What a Man Thinketh So a Man is </li></ul><ul><li>If Man didn’t Exist, he couldn’t think…therefore his Essence is to be a Thinking Thing </li></ul>
  18. 18. Descarte/Essence <ul><li>Descarte concludes: That being a thinking thing is the only essence of Human Nature and therefore our Bodies have nothing to do with what We are Essentially…. </li></ul><ul><li>What do you Think? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Aristotle/Essence <ul><li>A Definition is a phrase signifying a thing’s Essence </li></ul><ul><li>It is a collection of necessary and sufficient conditions for an Object to be a particular kind of Thing </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas are Essences..can’t be substances, since physical substances cannot be grasped by the Human Mind </li></ul>
  20. 20. Aristotle/Essence <ul><li>Essence is Form….Form Must be Part of the </li></ul><ul><li>World….Therefore….It Must be in the </li></ul><ul><li>World </li></ul>
  21. 21. ORIGIN <ul><li>What is the Origin of Knowing? </li></ul><ul><li>How Do We Know? </li></ul><ul><li>Why Do We Know? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Purpose of Knowing? </li></ul>
  22. 22. ORIGIN <ul><li>What is the Essence of Truth? </li></ul><ul><li>Belief has always had a center…a Point of Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Belief and Ideology are the result of direct interpretation…can only be Understood at the Origin of Social Sentiment and Our Origin </li></ul>
  23. 23. ORIGIN <ul><li>Discovering the Origin of Truth, the Basis for that which We Believe can only be accomplished via “Deconstruction”…. </li></ul><ul><li>A De-layering process to arrive at the Point of Origin…The Point of Belief…The Point of Truth </li></ul>
  24. 24. ORIGIN <ul><li>Discovering the Origin of What Needs to be Understood; Why It is so Important; What Meaning it Holds Personally and Collectively within Society </li></ul><ul><li>Does this Presuppose a Definition of Truth and Reality? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Reality is Simply put…That which Exists Material reality Non-Material Reality (Ideas) Matter and Energy Reality is Objective…Not Subjective Reality can and is experienced differently and personally Reality is a Whole…What is Experienced is a Part
  26. 26. Truth must be in agreement with Reality <ul><li>Objective Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Truth cannot be Subjective </li></ul><ul><li>There is but “one” Reality </li></ul><ul><li>In order to arrive at the origin of Truth and Understanding, it is necessary to “deconstruct” the “stated” truth in order to reveal an Absolute or Objective Truth </li></ul>
  27. 27. Deconstruction assumes every claim to the Truth is Null and Void <ul><li>Deconstruct our understanding of established “Truths” </li></ul><ul><li>Truth has been interpreted and reinterpreted over centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Truth has been clouded via Cultural, Political re-definition according to an experiential interpretation </li></ul>
  28. 28. ORIGIN <ul><li>“ The Metaphysical and Theological idea of an “originary” presence is so deeply flawed. No System of Thought can eliminate the Ambiguity of the Present, that is, its complicated relation to the past ad the future.’ (Derrida) </li></ul>
  29. 29. ORIGIN <ul><li>“ A Vision of the Whole that is active and eternally present to itself in everything that can be differentiated from it. Nothing is Absolutely and Immediately Present from the Beginning, Everything is Derived.” (Hegel) </li></ul>
  30. 30. There is No Religion Higher than Truth (Holmes) <ul><li>Truth does Exist </li></ul>
  31. 31. PLATO: <ul><li>“ Knowledge is Reminiscent of the Soul, a recalling of things interiorly known. Truth like Divinity, already exists deep in our being. We cannot express the whole of it because we are imperfect, and such Truths as we can express are limited by what we are. There are an exact measure of each of us at our own stage of development. As we Evolve, as we Expand our Minds and Hearts , so we will recognize more and more of the Truth.” </li></ul>
  32. 32. ORIGIN <ul><li>“ For one Man to demand from another that He shall believe like Himself, whether in a Question of Religion or Science is Supremely Unjust and Despotic. Besides, it is Absurd.” </li></ul><ul><li>The Theosophist </li></ul><ul><li>H.P. Blanatsky </li></ul><ul><li>1881 </li></ul>
  33. 33. ORIGIN <ul><li>“ Enlightenment will Grow in us only as we Ourselves Grow, and We can safely leave that Process to the Higher Law. Life is the Real Teacher…its Lessons are Realized in the Performance of day to day Duties and Problems.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Source unknown) </li></ul>
  34. 34. ORIGIN <ul><li>Therefore, What is Origin and Why is it so Important? </li></ul><ul><li>Origin is the Place where Something Begins, where it is Thrust into Being </li></ul><ul><li>Origin is the Story in which a Character’s Creation and Essence is Revealed </li></ul>
  35. 35. ORIGIN <ul><li> Marcus Aurelius stated: </li></ul><ul><li>“ This Universal Nature is Named Truth and is the Cause of all Things that are True.” </li></ul>
  36. 36. ORIGIN <ul><li>ORIGIN = TRUTH </li></ul><ul><li> TRUTH = GOD </li></ul>
  37. 37. BELIEF <ul><li>What is Belief? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it Defined? </li></ul><ul><li>How Do we Know? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Basis or Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>of that which We Know? </li></ul>
  38. 38. BELIEF <ul><li>Belief according to Webster is a “State of Mind in which Trust, Confidence or Reliance is placed in some Person or Thing. Belief implies a Mental acceptance of Something being offered to Us as True, Something with Certainty.” </li></ul>
  39. 39. BELIEF <ul><li>Defining How We Believe and What determines What We Believe is to Identify and Understand Historical and Philosophical Perspectives as “They” have become the Foundation of all Our Belief Systems throughout the Centuries…Becoming Philosophical and Religious Hand-downs. </li></ul>
  40. 40. BELIEF <ul><li>Reliability of Knowledge has been a Primary focal point of contentious argumentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Debate over Truth Vs. Fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Fact vs. Fiction </li></ul><ul><li>How do We determine What We Believe, How We Believe or What Source We a to Use…to assimilate Epistemological Data? </li></ul>
  41. 41. BELIEF <ul><li>Knowledge is Considered to be Legitimate…Belief remains questionable. </li></ul><ul><li> WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>Belief and Truth…are they Relative? </li></ul>
  42. 42. BELIEF <ul><li>Clearly and Distinctly designates a Definitive relationship between the Believer and a certain Proposition, Edict or Dogma </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Beliefs are a conglomerate of complex ideas, attitudes manifested in feelings and behaviors…Closely aligned with shared and experiential learning…Evolving through Generations…Shared Family to Family, Denomination to Denomination </li></ul>
  43. 43. BELIEF <ul><li>History…By all Standards, is the only explanatory method of Analysis that can be applied to Understanding Belief. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Instance of Religion, History enables the examination of Beliefs around Originating Circumstances…thus Identifying each cause as it was thrust into Existence </li></ul>
  44. 44. BELIEF <ul><li>Examining the Cultural evolution of a society via the eyes of Legal Principles or through the ever changing economic systems of a country…the “Imperative” would be to return to its Basic and Most Primitive Form…that would be the return to its History. </li></ul>
  45. 45. BELIEF <ul><li>To fully Understand one’s Belief’s; Examine a precise Point in History..What was occurring, How it developed, How it mutated and How Life was Defined at that moment…to fully grasp not only the significance of event..but also how it Ultimately Affected one’s Beliefs </li></ul>
  46. 46. BELIEF <ul><li>At the Very Essence of Our Belief System…That which permits Us to make Judgments, to Make Assertions, to Philosophize…Have at Their very Origin Religious Beliefs </li></ul>
  47. 47. BELIEF <ul><li>Aristotle called the “Categories of Understanding,” the concepts of Time, Space, Substance, Causality, Individual Personality, Universal Properties…All of which have as Their Origin… </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Beliefs </li></ul>
  48. 48. BELIEF <ul><li>What We believe in…is the Result of Direct Interpretation of Pre-Existing Sentiments and in order to Understand these Constructs…We Must Understand the Origin of Social Sentiments </li></ul>
  49. 49. BELIEF <ul><li>As Society develops, the Unified Manner in which the Collective Unite within a Belief becomes Representative of Something Sacred…Its Relation with the World in the same manner in which the Community Creates Common Ideas and Practices..Which are often Translated into a Church Setting. </li></ul>
  50. 50. BELIEF <ul><li>What Truly Sanctifies our Belief, Our Belief in a “Deity” or that which is Symbolic thereof…is Bestowed upon Us at Birth…Derived from our Educational Pursuits…or can be interpreted as the “Collective Representation” of the Whole. </li></ul>
  51. 51. BELIEF <ul><li>How We Determine Our Beliefs and their subsequent Interpretation…Can and Generally are Determined by the Mechanism in which We Interpret Life </li></ul>
  52. 52. Clifford Geertz: <ul><li>“ In Many respects, Religious Beliefs become the Template for Social Structure; not only are Religious Beliefs Interpretive of Social and Psychological Processes in a Cosmic Sense…But They also Shape Them” </li></ul>
  53. 53. BELIEF <ul><li>One’s “Belief’s” or One’s Religious Belief’s are not merely in the Metaphysical Realm. </li></ul><ul><li>They are Definitive aspects of Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Belief’s are Methodological Determinants summed up within a Collective “Ethos.” </li></ul>
  54. 54. BELIEF <ul><li>The Ethos of a People is best defined in relation to Their Tone, Character, as well as in terms of the quality of Their Life…Forming a Collective Reflection and Interpretation of the Culture in which they Reside </li></ul>
  55. 55. BELIEF <ul><li>Forms a Picture of and an Interpretation of Life…Exposing Their Concept of Nature and Self-Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Belief also creates a picture of Their Society; The Comprehensive and Collective Idea of Order </li></ul>
  56. 56. BELIEF <ul><li>What a Man/Woman Thinks and therefore, the Way they Interact with the World have been Pre-Determined…By Man, The Stratification Created and Experienced…but also by the Education and Subsequent Knowledge they derived as a Result. </li></ul>
  57. 57. BELIEF <ul><li>Man’s Collective Belief; His Religion is an Integral Part of His Very “Essence”…Something Inescapable…Requiring Defining and Refining throughout Time. </li></ul>
  58. 58. TRUTH <ul><li>Belief and Truth…are they Synonymous? </li></ul><ul><li>How do We Know or Determine Truth? </li></ul><ul><li>How or Where is the Truth Derived? </li></ul><ul><li>What is Truth? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conformity with Facts in agreement with Reality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Absolute Truth…everything else only degrees of Truth </li></ul></ul>
  59. 59. TRUTH <ul><li>Pragmatically: Truth or the problem of Truth…Assertions can only be proven if it is Best for all of Us in the Long Run </li></ul><ul><li>Functionally: Connected through a formed statement…Using “truth value” as a determinant via value connected statements </li></ul>
  60. 60. TRUTH <ul><li>Greek Philosophers claimed Truth and Knowledge could be known. </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle asserted the identity of man with ideas of the mind…thus the essence of things in the world summarized the identity that exists in our mind…Thus answering the problem of Knowledge and Truth. </li></ul>
  61. 61. TRUTH <ul><li>Descarte chose to separate mind and body…The Mind acted separately…thus was incapable of being in direct contact with the World…Ideas were Internal Representations of an External Reality </li></ul>
  62. 62. Can There be Universal Truth? <ul><li>The Basis for this is through Philosophy and Linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Reveal Truth in an Understandable manner directly interpreted into all aspects of our existence. </li></ul>
  63. 63. TRUTH <ul><li>The Determinant factor in Life…Culturally Interpreted and Metaphorically Communicated </li></ul><ul><li>Truth compels us as Individuals to want to Seek out and Understand the Truth </li></ul><ul><li>What is Being Said </li></ul><ul><li>How it is Being Said </li></ul><ul><li>Why it is Being Said </li></ul><ul><li>Truth Should Be or Become an Ideal We Strive for…Not Distort and Manipulate </li></ul>
  64. 64. Marcus Aurelius: <ul><li>“ I Cannot Comprehend how any Man can want Anything but the Truth” </li></ul>
  65. 65. TRUTH <ul><li>The very Essence of this World…it isn’t that it is outside of Power or Lacking in Power…Truth is very Powerful…Contrary to Myth…isn’t the Sole reward of Spirits or those individuals that have succeeded in Liberating Themselves </li></ul><ul><li>(Source Unknown) </li></ul>
  66. 66. TRUTH <ul><li>Truth is Produced </li></ul><ul><li>There exists a “Regime” of Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Truth is defined via Hegemony…the General Politics of Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Structured by Hegemony. </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted and becomes the determinant for society. </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling and Empowering the Hierarchy as to what is true </li></ul><ul><li>and what is false. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Michael Focault: <ul><li>Truth has “5’ Traits (as defined by Focault) </li></ul><ul><li>Centered on Scientific Discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Subject to constant Economic and Political Incitement </li></ul><ul><li>The Object of Immense Diffusion and Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Produced and Transmitted under the control of a few great Political Apparatuses </li></ul><ul><li>The Issue of Whole Political Debate and Social Confrontation </li></ul>
  68. 68. Truth Becomes the Function of the Intellect via Position <ul><li>Class Position </li></ul><ul><li>Political Demands </li></ul><ul><li>Specificity of the Politics of Truth </li></ul>
  69. 69. Truth can be Systematized <ul><li>Via the very Power that Produces and Sustains it </li></ul><ul><li>The Effects of that Power which Induces and Extends its Existence </li></ul>
  70. 70. How is Truth Determined? <ul><li>Accomplished via the Construction or Reconstruction of Cultural Realities </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehension of the Historical/Socio-Political and Religious Understanding of the Existing Power Structure </li></ul>
  71. 71. TRUTH <ul><li>Man Searches for It </li></ul><ul><li>Man Examines It </li></ul><ul><li>Fights Wars over It </li></ul><ul><li>The Question Remains: What is Truth and Why does it Remain a Mystery? </li></ul>
  72. 72. TRUTH <ul><li>Culture Defines our Thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Culture Defines our Interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Culture Defines our Belief Systems </li></ul>
  73. 73. “ Anthropologically, what is significant and important is that factually…Concepts of Truth have been linked directly to not only Social Practices, but defined Politically and Religiously…Because the truth is Culturally Defined and Culturally Understood” (source unknown) <ul><li>Culture Must be Given Greater Attention in order to find Universality </li></ul>
  74. 74. TRUTH AND RELATIVISM <ul><li>Relativism recognizes the importance of the Social Environment in the determination of Our Belief System </li></ul><ul><li>Relativism maintains the absence of Objective Knowledge as Realities Independent of the Knower </li></ul>
  75. 75. TRUTH AND POST-MODERNISM <ul><li>Truth considered elusive, polymorphous, subjective…prone to introspection </li></ul><ul><li>Post Modernists choose to unmask mechanisms and generalized function of the subjective after locating the rules of objectivity and destabilizing it…Open discourse and its preoccupation with text and vocabulary </li></ul>
  76. 76. What is truth? <ul><li>Truth is necessary within the Human Context…Defining What is Truth, How it should be applicable is what is difficult </li></ul><ul><li>The Imperative…Pursue the Truth, due to the nature of the World, the Way it is continually redefining itself and those occupying it </li></ul>
  77. 77. CONFUCIUS: <ul><li>Those Who Know the Truth are not Equal to those that Love It…The Object of the Superior Man is Truth </li></ul>
  78. 78. The Journey for Truth Should Lead Us from Doubt to Certainty <ul><li>One’s Journey in Life should Determine the course of Life as well as Directionality of one’s Offspring </li></ul><ul><li>Truth Must Remain the Guiding Force behind the Journey </li></ul>
  79. 79. When those around Us have Chosen not to Explore the truth, have not sought Right from Wrong, Good from Evil, Light from Dark…It Must Be “Our” Emphasis to Seek that which is True
  80. 80. TRUTH <ul><li>In Our Pursuit of Truth, It is There We Must Redefine Ourselves, Explore Our Essence as We “Peel” the Onion…Layer...by...Layer in Search of That which We Are, That Which We were Meant to Be…that is when We Discover Truth…and only Then! </li></ul>
  81. 81. Nietszche: <ul><li>Man can have at His disposal Absolute Truth, how it is chosen to be processed, interpreted, manipulated and converted into alterior Motives and Utilized “for Man’s purposes is What needs to be Understood. </li></ul>
  82. 82. One’s Belief in Truth begins with the Doubt of all the Truths One has Believed hitherto. Nietszche
  83. 83. Philosophy/Theology have always and will always be the determinant of man’s interpretation of life, what is true, what determines truth, however, it has always been through “Mans” interpretation as our Understanding of the Truth (source unknown)
  84. 84. Truth must transcend actuality and that which we experience as it calls us to a higher level of integrity and the subsequent understanding of truth.
  85. 85. TRUTH <ul><li>Truth Extends beyond our comprehension of “humanity” of not being in the realm of the ordinary, but the extraordinary </li></ul><ul><li>Truth must transcend the Mundane, the Corporeal, and the Human Experience…Truth Must become not only something We Must Love, as it is Love </li></ul>
  86. 86. TRUTH <ul><li>Our Charge should be to dissect the Truth, Unlayer it, Find Out what is True…Not that which Other’s would have Us Believe </li></ul><ul><li>Become the Best We can be…Seek the Truth…Become the truth </li></ul><ul><li>To find a Solution to the Problem of the “Truth” as it lies within the realm of the Political, Religious, Economic and Institutional </li></ul>
  87. 87. TRUTH <ul><li>Truth will Demonstrate itself in our Essence, in Our very Being…Manifesting in Action and in Speech…not only for Personal Betterment…But also for the Betterment of Mankind </li></ul>
  88. 88. BALANCE <ul><li> Life Begins with Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and Matter </li></ul><ul><li>Positive and Negative </li></ul><ul><li>Yin and Yang </li></ul><ul><li>2-Sides of the same Coin </li></ul><ul><li> Why is Balance Necessary? </li></ul>
  89. 89. BALANCE <ul><li>Balance = The Integration of Elements…Internally and </li></ul><ul><li>Externally </li></ul><ul><li>Balance = A Means of Judging or Deciding </li></ul><ul><li>Balance = The Juxtaposition in writing…Parallel constructs </li></ul><ul><li> containing Similar and Contrasting Ideas </li></ul>
  90. 90. MARCUS AURELIUS: <ul><li>“ The measure of man’s life is a point, a perpetual ebb and flow, sense perception vague and shadowy, the fabric of his whole body corruptible…fortune a spinning wheel…Life itself a warfare or a sojourning in a strange land. What then shall be our guide and escort? One thing, and only one…Philosophy. And True Philosophy is to observe the celestial part within us, to keep it inviolate and unscathed, above the power of pain and pleasure” </li></ul>
  91. 91. Marcus Aurelius: <ul><li>“ Men are continuously seeking retreats for themselves, in the country, or by the sea, or among the hills…Yet all this sheer Folly, for it is open to you every hour to retire into yourself. And where can man find a calmer, more restful haven than His own Soul” ? </li></ul>
  92. 92. Marcus Aurelius: <ul><li>“ I am composed of the material and the formal. Neither of these can perish and sink into nothingness, anymore than its existence arose from the Non-Existent. Hence it follows that every part of me will, through some process of change, find its place as a portion of the universe; and this portion, in its turn, will be transmuted into another part of the same universe, and so on to infinity.” </li></ul>
  93. 93. BALANCE <ul><li>KNOWLEDGE TRUTH </li></ul><ul><li>What You Know </li></ul><ul><li>What is Known </li></ul><ul><li>Epistemology </li></ul><ul><li>TRUTH = BALANCE </li></ul>
  94. 94. BALANCE <ul><li>If that which is known, should be known is not…Based or Founded in…TRUTH…Balance “doesn’t” exist…Thus, the Manipulation of the Truth for whatever definable purpose Exists. Finding the Truth, finding that Balance in Life is accomplished only through investigation of what is Truth…Its Origin…the purpose for what It was Designed </li></ul>
  95. 95. BALANCE <ul><li>Our goal should be the enquiry of Knowledge and Truth…To Discover Origin and realize One’s Essence within the Scope of the Universe…To Strike a Balance in order to grasp our Role, Our Significance within Creation…Knowing what We were Created for…Establishing a Balance within Nature </li></ul>
  96. 96. BALANCE <ul><li>Balance can be Equated, Therefore, Through that which is “Visible”, the “Invisible” things of GOD would be Known </li></ul>
  97. 97. BALANCE <ul><li>Through Sensory Experience we develop an Understanding of the Material…Through Analysis and the Intellect We Understand the Immaterial </li></ul>
  98. 98. BALANCE <ul><li>Understanding the “Necessary” can only be accomplished through that which is contingent, GOD Being Necessary…Man Being Contingent…Thus…Balance. </li></ul>
  99. 99. BALANCE <ul><li>There is a distinction between Essence and Existence…between that which is Abstract and the Concrete…This is the true Balance that must be reached-One. Therefore, the Imperative would be to equate Existence in terms of One’s Essence…Seeking to Solidify that Relationship as One…with the One. Achieving Balance…Meaning…and…Truth </li></ul>

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