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  • 1. Reading and Writing with Fanfiction
    Michael Sapp
    Media Lesson #1
    L567
     
  • 2. Reading and Writing with Fanfiction
    This application is designed in two parts:
    Student Notes
    Teacher Notes
  • 3. Teacher Notes
    Intro
    The Class
    Rationale
    Objectives
    Schedule
    Tips
    Procedures
    Evaluation
    Materials
  • 4. Intro- What is fan fiction (also known as fanfiction, fanfic, FF, or fic)?
    “Fan fictions are texts written about media and popular culture by fans. In these texts, fan fiction authors take up the characters and plotlines of the original media and creatively rework them by developing new relationships between characters, extending plot and timelines, creating new settings, and exploring novel themes” (Black, 2006)
  • 5. Intro- What is a Beta Reader?
    A beta reader (or betareader, or beta) is a person who reads a work of fiction with a critical eye, with the aim of improving grammar, spelling, characterization, and general style of a story prior to its release to the general public.
    -www.fanfiction.net
  • 6. The Class
    This application was designed for an ESL Writing class in an Intensive English Language Program type setting with intermediate-low to intermediate-high skill levels.
  • 7. Rationale
    “As they read, students come to understand the different organizational structures writers use to communicate ideas” (Freeman & Freeman pg. 30).
    Reading helps students acquire writing skills, especially when students are interested in the subject matter and have background knowledge of the material.
    Writing is a multi-phase, non-linear process that can benefit from peer review and revision.
    Students writing fanfiction can focus more on the process of writing without having to create new characters or other predefined details.
    “Effective approaches to teaching writing, such as Writer’s Workshop, emphasize the importance of peer-to-peer discussion and review in helping students to develop meta-knowledge of their own writing processes” (Black 2005, Piazza, 2003)
  • 8. Rationale (continued)
    The combination of predefined subject matter, social interaction, and interesting content make fanfiction based activities a beneficial activity for learning reading and writing skills.
    Using and interacting with fanfiction and fanfiction forums helps improve new literacy skills.
    “Members of fanfiction.net engage in activities that are congruent with what we already know about best practice in writing instruction: that it is important to integrate multiple modes of meaning-making into literacy activities, that collaborative activity and discussion between peers enhances writing ability, and that language use is social and intimately tied to identity” (Black, 2005).
  • 9. Objectives
    Students learn about fanfiction and become acquainted with the fanfiction writing and review process.
    Students learn to search for fanfiction that they are interested in or have some background knowledge of.
    Students learn about the process of writing including:
    Multi-phase planning
    Individual writing strategies
    Recursive and generative editing involving rereading, assessing, reacting, and moving on.
    Revision
    Linguistic/Surface editing
    “My hope is that we can teach students not only to read critically but also creatively and free them to make the books they read for school into resources for their own imaginative speculations” (Jenkins, 2008)
  • 10. Objectives (cont.)
    Students improve reading, composition, and new literacy skills by reading fanfiction, writing fanfiction, and through discussion and review of peers’ written works.
    Students apply these skills to a class assigned book by reading, writing a fanfiction response, and reviewing peer work.
    Referring to her study of ELLs using fanfiction Rebecca Black (2009) found that “[i]n terms of basic print literacy, it is worth noting that through their fan-related activities, all three focal participants were able to practice and improve their English-language and composition skills.”
  • 11. Schedule
    Day 1- Read and discuss examples of fanfiction
    In-class/homework:
    Write first draft of fanfiction using fanfiction template worksheet
    Day 2 – Beta Reading and next draft
    In-class/homework:
    Upload story to the forum
    Post comments and reviews to other students’ fanfiction
  • 12. Schedule (continued)
    Day 3 – Discuss novel and begin novel-based fanfiction
    In-class/homework:
    Write first draft of novel-based fanfiction using fanfiction template worksheets
    Day 4 – Beta Reading and next draft
    In-class/homework:
    Write second draft of fanfiction and upload to forum
    Post comments to other students’ fanfiction
  • 13. Tips
    Using school’s private server space, setup open-source forum such as phpBBor Simple Machines Forums for students to publish fanfiction and post comments.
    If server space is not available try nabble.
    The days do not necessarily represent the next calendar day, but represent the next day planned for this assignment.
    Encourage students to focus less on the final product and more on the process of creation.
    When it comes to beta readers and peer comments, encourage and model the use of constructive criticism
  • 14. Tips (continued)
    This is a large assignment that requires the student to write at least 2 drafts for two assignments. Because of this, it will be helpful to encourage the production of short, but well-formed compositions as opposed to longer stories. I recommend the story be about one page in length.
    This assignment is an introduction to the concepts and possibilities of the use of fanfiction in a classroom and is therefore fairly general in scope. As students become more comfortable with the concepts the lesson should be adapted to suite more specific aspects or learning objectives such as a specific writing skill or critical analysis technique.
  • 15. Procedures:Day 1 - Reading
    Review examples of fanfiction from sites such as fanfiction.net
    Have students search for fanfiction in their native language
    Students read 3 or 4 works of fanfiction (at least 2 in English).
    Students should also read the comments and reviews for each story
    Students individually fill out a beta review worksheet in response to one story
    Discuss the readings
    How were the fanfics similar to the original work?
    How were the fanficsdifferent from the original work?
    What changes were made?
    What new information was given?
    Were the reviews helpful?
    Did you agree or disagree with any of the comments?
  • 16. Day 2 Beta Readers and Revising
    Each student reads assigned fanfiction and fills out a Beta Reader Worksheet
    Students give a completed Beta Reader Worksheet to the author
    Students then revise their stories and begin work on the second draft in response to the beta reader’s worksheet
  • 17. Day 3 Novel and Fanfiction
    Discuss the novel
    Characters
    Themes
    Settings
    Conflict/Resolution
    Have students write a fanfiction story based on some aspect of the novel using the fanfictiontemplate worksheet. Some possible ideas include:
    Develop new relationships between characters
    Extend plot and timelines
    Create new settings
    Explore new themes
  • 18. Day 4 Beta Reading and Revising
    Have students read and review assigned student’s fanfiction using Beta Reader Worksheets
    Have students return their Beta Reader Worksheets to the author
    Students then begin to edit and revise their story based on received Beta Reader Worksheets.
  • 19. Evaluation
    Evaluation is based on 2 Rubrics:
    Fanfiction Rubric
    Novel-based Fanfiction Rubric
  • 20. Materials
    Fanfiction Template Worksheet to help students start brainstorming and developing a story
    Beta Reader Worksheet used to help in the review process
    Computer projection and computer access
    PowerPoint slides with Student Notes
    Evaluation Rubrics
  • 21. Student Notes
    Intro
    Assignment
    Objectives
    Read and Review Fanfiction
    Write Fanfiction
    Become a Beta Reader
    Write Novel-Based Fanfiction
    Novel-based Fanfiction Beta Reader
    Materials
  • 22. Intro- What is Fan fiction (also known as fanfiction, fanfic, FF, or fic)?
    “Fan fictions are texts written about media and popular culture by fans. In these texts, fan fiction authors take up the characters and plotlines of the original media and creatively rework them by developing new relationships between characters, extending plot and timelines, creating new settings, and exploring novel themes” (Black, 2006)
  • 23. Intro- What is a Beta Reader?
    A beta reader (or betareader, or beta) is a person who reads a work of fiction with a critical eye, with the aim of improving grammar, spelling, characterization, and general style of a story prior to its release to the general public.
    -www.fanfiction.net
  • 24. Fanfiction Assignment
    Read fanfiction(3 or 4 stories—at least 2 in English)
    Write fanfiction (1 page story)
    Review peer fanfiction as a Beta Reader
    Write a second draft in response to Beta Reader Worksheet
    Upload draft to Forums
    Read classmates fanfiction
    Comment on at least 2 classmates’ fanfiction
  • 25. Novel-Based Fanfiction Assignment
    -After reading novel
    Write fanfiction (1 page of written Fanfiction)
    Review peer fanfiction as a Beta Reader
    Write final draft and Upload draft to forums
    Read classmates fanfiction on forums
    Comment on at least 2 classmates’ fanfiction
  • 26. Objectives
    Learn about fanfiction and become acquainted with the fanfiction writing and review process.
    Learn to search for fanfiction that studentsare interested in or have some background knowledge of.
    Learn about the process of writing including:
    Multi-phase planning
    Individual writing strategies
    Recursive and generative editing involving rereading, assessing, reacting, and moving on.
    Revision
    Linguistic/Surface editing
    “My hope is that we can teach students not only to read critically but also creatively and free them to make the books they read for school into resources for their own imaginative speculations” (Jenkins, 2008)
  • 27. Objectives (cont.)
    Improve reading, composition, and new literacy skills by reading fanfiction, writing fanfiction, and through discussion and review of peers’ written works.
    Apply these skills to a class assigned book by reading, writing a fanfiction response, and reviewing peer work.
    Referring to her study of ELLs using fanfiction Rebecca Black (2009) found that “[i]n terms of basic print literacy, it is worth noting that through their fan-related activities, all three focal participants were able to practice and improve their English-language and composition skills.”
  • 28. Read and Review Fanfiction
    Begin reading selected Novel
    Find and read examples of fanfiction
    Fanfiction.net
    Find examples of fanfiction in your native language
    Read 3 or 4 examples of fanfiction(at least 2 in English).
    Read the comments and reviews
    Select one of the stories you read and using the beta reader template fill out as much information as possible.
  • 29. Write Fanfiction
    Possible Fanfiction Story Ideas:
    Select a fictional universe and using the fanfiction template worksheet fill out as much information as possible.
    Using the information in the fanfiction template worksheet, begin writing the first draft of a fanfiction story.
    Using the class message board send first draft to assigned beta reader.
    • Develop new relationships between characters
    • 30. Extend plot timelines
    • 31. Create new settings
    • 32. Explore new themes
  • Become a Beta Reader
    Using the beta reader template worksheet fill in as much information as possible about the 1st draft of peers’ fanfiction
    Return beta reader template worksheet to the author.
    Based on beta reader template worksheet make corrections and begin writing another draft.
    Upload final draft to message board
  • 33. Write Novel-based Fanfiction
    Based on the novel, use the fanfiction template worksheet and fill out as much information as possible.
    Using the information in the fanfiction template worksheet, begin writing the first draft of a novel-based fanfiction story.
    Think of possible
    Characters
    Settings
    Conflict/Resolution
    Using the class message board send first draft to assigned beta reader.
  • 34. Beta Reading for novel-based fanfiction
    Using the beta reader template worksheet fill in as much information as possible about the firstdraft of peers’ fanfiction
    Return beta reader template worksheet to the author.
    Based on beta reader template worksheet make corrections and begin writing another draft.
    Upload final draft to message board
  • 35. Materials
    Fanfiction Template Worksheet to help students start brainstorming and developing a story
    Beta Reader Worksheet to help in the review process
    Student Notes power point slides
  • 36. Resources & References
    Black, R. W. (2009). English language learners, fan communities, and twenty first century skills. Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 52(8).
    Black, R. W. (2005). Access and affiliation: The literacy and composition practices of English Language learners in an online fanfiction community. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 49 (2), 118-128.
    Black, R. W. (2006). Language, culture, and identity in online fanfiction. E-learning, 3 (2), 170-184.
    Freeman, D & Freeman, Y. (2004). Essential linguistics: what you need to know to teach reading, esl, spelling, phonics, and grammar. Heinemann Educational Books
    Hirvela, A. (2004). Connecting reading and writing in second language writing instruction. University of Michigan PressESL.
    Jenkins, Henry. “How Fanfiction Can Teach us a New Way to Read Moby-Dick.” Henry Jenkins Blog. 11 Aug. 2008. Retrieved 8 Mar. 2009 from Oncourse L567.
  • 37. Resources & References (continued)
    Black, Rebecca. “Access and Affiliation: the Language Practices of English-Language Learners in an Online Fanfiction Community.” Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy 49 (2): Oct. 2005. Retrieved 8 Mar. 2010 from Oncourse L567.
    Jenkins, Henry. “How Fanfiction Can Teach us a New Way to Read Moby-Dick.” Henry Jenkins Blog. 11 Aug. 2008. Retrieved 8 Mar. 2009 from Oncourse L567.