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Státní svátky

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  • 1. National holidays (Státní svátky)
  • 2. National Holidays  Types of celebrations  Christmas/Advent  Easter  Family celebrations  Czech National Holidays  Czechoslovak Independence Day  UK - Bank holidays  National Holidays of the USA  American Independence Day
  • 3. Types of celebrations  Three different kinds of celebrations are: Religious holidays – Christmas, Eastern Family celebrations – birthday, wedding, name day National Holidays - New Year’s Day, Liberation Day
  • 4. Christmas Christmas celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. Christmas Eve (evening) - 24th December Christmas Day - 25th December is St. Stephen’s Day - 26th December
  • 5. Advent  Time of four weeks before Christmas.  Women decorate their houses and bake sweets.  We buy presents for our relatives and friends.  Every Sunday we lit candle on the Advent wreath.
  • 6. Christmas Eve  We decorate Christmas tree.  We have Christmas dinner – fried carp and potato salad.  We open presents under the decorated Christmas tree.
  • 7. Christmas in UK and in the USA  People in UK and the USA open presents on 25th December in the morning.  Their typical Christmas meal is roast turkey.
  • 8. Easter  The most important Christian holiday  It celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ  Easter is celebrated in spring – in March or April  The date is different every year  The first Sunday after the first spring full moon
  • 9. Easter Symbols of Easter are decorated eggs, lambs, rabbits, representing the new life. On Easter Monday boys with willow sticks decorated with ribbons and go to beat girls.
  • 10. Family celebrations  Birthday  Baptism  Name day  Wedding  Wedding anniversary
  • 11. Czech National Holidays  New Year’s Day  Workers Day  Liberation Day  Czech Statehood Day  Czechoslovak Independence Day  Day of Struggle for Freedom and Democracy
  • 12. New Year’s Day - January the 1st  People celebrate the New Year at night before, at New Year’s Eve.  They celebrate the coming of the New Year by drinking and fireworks.  At midnight they have New Year´s toast with a glass of champagne.  They make New Year´s resolutions.
  • 13. International Workers' Day – May the 1st  Also known as May Day  A celebration of the international labour movement  A national holiday in more than 80 countries
  • 14. Liberation day - May the 8th  Celebrates the end of the Second World War.
  • 15. Czech Statehood Day – September the 28th  On this day Prince Wenceslas was killed  He became the patron saint of Czech nation
  • 16. Czechoslovak Independence Day - October the 28th  The independent Czechoslovak Republic was founded in 1918  T. G. Masaryk became the first president
  • 17. Day of Struggle for Freedom and Democracy - 17th of November The student demonstration against Nazi occupation in 1939 The demonstration in 1989 that started the Velvet Revolution
  • 18. UK - Bank Holidays  National holidays in Great Britain are called the Bank Holidays.  Banks are closed these days.
  • 19.  New Year´s Day  Easter  May Day  Spring Bank Holiday (end of May)  Summer Bank Holiday (end of August)  Christmas
  • 20. National Holidays of the USA  New Year´s Day  Easter  Independence Day  Thanksgiving  Halloween  Christmas
  • 21. The USA - Independence Day  The greatest American holiday, celebrated on 4th July  Americans celebrate their country’s birthday  The Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776  George Washington became the first American president
  • 22. The USA – Thanksgiving  The oldest of all American holidays  It is celebrated on the last Thursday of November  Historically held as thanks for good harvest  Festival for families, who usually come together  Traditional meal is turkey and autumn vegetables
  • 23. The USA – Halloween  One of world's oldest holidays  It goes back to Celtic times  It is celebrated on the evening of October 31st  Time of masks, costumes and superstitions  Very popular with children
  • 24. Saint Valentine's Day – February the 14th  A holiday that celebrates love  People in love give and get candy & gifts
  • 25. Použité zdroje Pokud není uvedeno jinak, použitý materiál je z vlastních zdrojů autora Ilustrace – kliparty MS Office