What does music mood mean for real users?
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What does music mood mean for real users?

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Presentation of "What does music mood mean for real users?" by Jin Ha Lee, Trent Hill, and Lauren Work at the iConference 2012

Presentation of "What does music mood mean for real users?" by Jin Ha Lee, Trent Hill, and Lauren Work at the iConference 2012

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What does music mood mean for real users? What does music mood mean for real users? Presentation Transcript

  • What does music mood mean for real users? Jin Ha Lee,Trent Hill, and Lauren Work iConference 2012
  • Mood: a relatively long lasting and stable emotional state (Meyer, 1956) Emotion? Affect?
  • Music mood • Recently received a lot of attention in MIR (Music Information Retrieval) domain • “Audio Music Mood Classification” task in MIREX, starting in 2007 Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange
  • How does it Make You Feel? Just got engaged? Happy?
  • Heartbroken? http://www.flickr.com/photos/meredithas/169929608/sizes/l/in/photostream/
  • Can we detect or extract mood? …really?
  • What TERMS do people use to represent mood? What FACTORS determine it?
  • 68 songs in total 39 cover versions of 12 songs 29 other songs
  • Für Elise Fly me to the moon California dreamin’ Jingle bells 핑계 (Excuse) 비처럼 음악처럼 (Like rain, like music) 그리움만 쌓이네 (Yearning) 붉은 노을 (Red sunset) Paparazzi – Lady Gaga He’ll have to go – Jim Reeves He ain’t heavy, he’s my brother – The Hollies Any dream will do – Jason Donovan
  • Amazon MechanicalTurk
  • User’s Mood Terms 46 users 1778 tags 551unique tags •36 frequently used (>10x) •305 used once
  • Common tags happy 79 energetic 41 sad 40 hopeful 31 relaxed 30 calm 29 cheerful 22 joyful 21 relaxing 21 lively 20 romantic 20 upbeat 20 angry 19 melancholy 19 peaceful 18 bored 17 soothing 17 fun 16 lonely 16 optimistic 16 excited 15 mellow 15 nostalgic 15 thoughtful 14 bouncy 12 confused 12 dark 12 depressed 12 dreamy 12 playful 12 warm 12 moving 11 sleepy 11 uplifting 11 vibrant 11 tired 10
  • Valence: Positive (POS) – Negative (NEG) Energy: High Energy (HE) – Low Energy (LE) Intensity: High Intensity (HI) – Low Intensity (LI)
  • What TERMS do people use to represent mood? What FACTORS determine it?
  • Sources: Where does music mood “live?”
  • Intrinsic vs. extrinsic exciting vs. excited annoying vs. annoyed liberating vs. liberated
  • Whose mood? Creator? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Burt_Bacharach_1972.JPG
  • Whose mood? Performer?
  • Whose mood? Listener?
  • confused, discontent, heartbroken, pouty, resentful, stressed, sulky, strident
  • Lyrics: not just words, words, words paranoid, depressed, empty, gloomy, somber… altruistic, loyal, trustworthy ironic, sarcastic, mocking, cynical, complaining…
  • From MIREX E6K Walkthrough !
  • Tempo & Cultural Context blue, concerned, dark, depressing (3), dismal, down, dreary, grief, lonely, melancholy (2), mournful, sad (4), somber, sorrow, sorry, uneasy, unhappy, uninspiring mellow, moving, romantic alone, cold (2), dark, listless, lonely, melancholic, moody, p essimistic, sad, somber energetic, enigmatic, exotic, hopeful (2), impulsive, mellow, motivational, spirited, sunny, supple, vibrant (2), warm, wishful The Mamas &The Papas ClareTeal
  • More on cultural context People often first encounter new music from various media (e.g., watching a movie orTV commercial, listening to the radio) without ever knowing the artist name and song title (Lee, 2008)
  • Other factors • Delivery • Instrumentation • Genre • Musical expectancy • Social expectation • Personal preference • Familiarity • …and more
  • Conclusion • Vocabulary of music mood is highly varied among listeners • Mood is affected by numerous factors, intrinsic and extrinsic • Mood is a highly subjective feature for describing and organizing music • Perhaps best exploited when used in conjunction with other means for classification
  • Future work • In-depth interview with users • Cross-cultural study of music mood perception • Users’ response to music containing conflicting moods across different factors
  • Questions?